Oberhallau

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Oberhallau
Oberhallau 220.jpg
Coat of arms of Oberhallau
Coat of arms
Oberhallau is located in Switzerland
Oberhallau
Oberhallau
Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°28′E / 47.700°N 8.467°E / 47.700; 8.467Coordinates: 47°42′N 8°28′E / 47.700°N 8.467°E / 47.700; 8.467
Country Switzerland
Canton Schaffhausen
District n.a.
Area[1]
 • Total 6.03 km2 (2.33 sq mi)
Elevation 430 m (1,410 ft)
Population (Dec 2014[2])
 • Total 436
 • Density 72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Postal code 8216
SFOS number 2972
Surrounded by Gächlingen, Hallau, Neunkirch, Schleitheim, Stühlingen (DE-BW)
Website www.oberhallau.ch
Profile (German), SFSO statistics

Oberhallau is a municipality in the canton of Schaffhausen in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Both Hallau and Oberhallau are first mentioned in 1095 as Hallaugia superiori et inferiori. Until the Peasants' War of 1653 it was part of Hallau.[3]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Azure a Fleur-de-lis Argent and overall a Key Or in fess.[4]

Geography[edit]

View from the Siblinger watchtower west over the Klettgau. In the foreground is Siblingen, then Gächlingen and Hallau/Oberhallau.

Oberhallau has an area, as of 2006, of 6 km2 (2.3 sq mi). Of this area, 72.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 20.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 6.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.2%) is non-productive (rivers or lakes).[5] The municipality is located in the Unterklettgau district on the foot of the Hallauerberg.

Demographics[edit]

Oberhallau has a population (as of 2008) of 425, of which 2.4% are foreign nationals. Of the foreign population, (as of 2008), 30% are from Germany, 10% are from Italy, and 60% are from another country.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of 0%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 1.0%) and English being third ( 0.5%).[5] The age distribution of the population (as of 2008) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 22.4% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 61.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16%.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 61.5% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the SP (23.7%), and the FDP (14.7%) .[5]

In Oberhallau about 84.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[5] In Oberhallau, as of 2007, 3.56% of the population attend kindergarten or another pre-school, 4.28% attend a Primary School, 4.75% attend a lower level Secondary School, and 3.8% attend a higher level Secondary School.[6]

As of 2000, 13.6% of the population belonged to the Roman Catholic Church and 77.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church.[6]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1771 399
1798 531
1836 762
1850 734
1900 534
1950 426
2000 397

Economy[edit]

Oberhallau has an unemployment rate, as of 2007, of 0.64%. As of 2005, there were 88 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 31 businesses involved in this sector. 18 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 3 businesses in this sector. 25 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector.[5]

As of 2008 the mid year average unemployment rate was 0.4%. There were 14 non-agrarian businesses in the municipality and 47.8% of the (non-agrarian) population was involved in the secondary sector of the economy while 52.2% were involved in the third. At the same time, 54.3% of the working population was employed full-time, and 45.7% was employed part-time. There were 46 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 58.7% of the workforce. As of 2000 there were 83 residents who worked in the municipality, while 128 residents worked outside Oberhallau and 18 people commuted into the municipality for work.[6]

As of 2008, there is 1 restaurant in the village and the hospitality industry in Oberhallau employs 2 people.[6]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Stone Age gravesite at Überhürst is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 31 August 2015
  3. ^ a b Oberhallau in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 17-December-2009
  5. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-December-2009
  6. ^ a b c d e f Statistical Office of the Canton of Schaffhausen (German) accessed 2 December 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived May 1, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 17-Dec-2009