Oberhausen

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Oberhausen
View over Oberhausen
View over Oberhausen
Flag of Oberhausen
Flag
Coat of arms of Oberhausen
Coat of arms
Location of Oberhausen
Oberhausen is located in Germany
Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Oberhausen is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Oberhausen
Oberhausen
Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 06°52′14″E / 51.49667°N 6.87056°E / 51.49667; 6.87056
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictUrban districts of Germany
Government
 • Lord mayorDaniel Schranz (CDU)
Area
 • Total77.04 km2 (29.75 sq mi)
Elevation
78 m (256 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total210,764
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
46001-46149
Dialling codes0208
Vehicle registrationOB
WebsiteCity of Oberhausen (de)

Oberhausen (/ˈbərhzən/,[2][3][4] German: [ˈoːbɐhaʊzn̩] (About this soundlisten)) is a city on the river Emscher in the Ruhr Area, Germany, located between Duisburg and Essen (c. 13 km or 8.1 mi). The city hosts the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen and its Gasometer Oberhausen is an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Heritage.

History[edit]

Oberhausen was named for its 1847 railway station which had taken its name from the Oberhausen Castle. The new borough was formed in 1862 following inflow of people for the local coal mines and steel mills. Awarded town rights in 1874, Oberhausen absorbed several neighbouring boroughs including Alstaden, parts of Styrum and Dümpten in 1910. Oberhausen became a city in 1901, and they incorporated the towns of Sterkrade and Osterfeld in 1929. The Ruhrchemie AG synthetic oil plant ("Oberhausen-Holten" or "Sterkrade/Holten")[5] was a bombing target of the oil campaign of World War II, and the US forces reached the plant by 4 April 1945.

In 1973, Thyssen AG employed 14,000 people in Oberhausen in the steel industry, but ten years later the number had fallen to 6,000.[6]

In 1954 the city began hosting the International Short Film Festival Oberhausen, and the 1982 Deutscher Filmpreis was awarded to a group that wrote the Oberhausen Manifesto.

Demographics[edit]

Population development since 1862:

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18625,590—    
187112,805+129.1%
190042,148+229.2%
191089,900+113.3%
191998,677+9.8%
1925105,121+6.5%
1933192,345+83.0%
1939191,842−0.3%
1950202,808+5.7%
1961256,773+26.6%
1970246,736−3.9%
1987220,286−10.7%
2001221,619+0.6%
2011210,216−5.1%
2017211,422+0.6%
source:[7][circular reference]

The age breakdown of the population (2013) is:[8]

<18 years 15.6%
18–64 years 63.3%
>64 years 21.1%

There were 12.5% non-Germans living in Oberhausen, as of 2014.[9]

The unemployment rate is 10.4% (Jul 2020).[10]

Migrant communities in Oberhausen by 31 December 2017:

 Turkey 8,560
 Syria 2,315
 Serbia 2,090
 Italy 2,005
 Poland 1,840

Politics[edit]

Mayor[edit]

The current Mayor of Oberhausen is Daniel Schranz of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2020. The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 September 2020, with a runoff held on 27 September, and the results were as follows:

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Daniel Schranz Christian Democratic Union 30,150 45.5 28,456 62.1
Thorsten Berg Social Democratic Party 19,699 29.7 17,381 37.9
Norbert Emil Axt Alliance 90/The Greens 7,002 10.6
Wolfgang Kempkes Alternative for Germany 4,521 6.8
Jens Carstensen The Left 3,095 4.7
Urban Mülhausen Open for Citizens 1,378 2.1
Claudia Wädlich The Violets 468 0.7
Valid votes 66,313 98.7 45,837 99.2
Invalid votes 859 1.3 368 0.8
Total 67,172 100.0 46,205 100.0
Electorate/voter turnout 159,510 42.1 159,458 29.0
Source: State Returning Officer

City council[edit]

The Oberhausen city council governs the city alongside the Mayor. The most recent city council election was held on 13 September 2020, and the results were as follows:

Party Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 21,471 32.8 Decrease 0.2 19 Decrease 1
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 20,754 31.7 Decrease 7.2 19 Decrease 4
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 9,450 14.4 Increase 5.9 8 Increase 3
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 4,995 7.6 New 4 New
The Left (Die Linke) 3,367 5.1 Decrease 2.8 3 Decrease 2
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 1,988 3.0 Increase 0.2 2 ±0
Alliance of Obenhauser Citizens (BOB) 1,913 2.9 Decrease 5.7 2 Decrease 3
Open for Citizens (OfB) 1,153 1.8 New 1 New
The Violets (Die Violetten) 445 0.7 Increase 0.5 0 ±0
Valid votes 65,536 98.1
Invalid votes 1,290 1.9
Total 66,826 100.0 58 Decrease 2
Electorate/voter turnout 159,510 41.9 Decrease 0.9
Source: State Returning Officer

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Oberhausen is twinned with:[11]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2019" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Oberhausen". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Oberhausen" (US) and "Oberhausen". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  4. ^ "Oberhausen". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  5. ^ Powell, A.R. (9–10 January 1945). "Detailed Summary of meeting of Oil Mission Held in New Interior Building" (PDF). Enemy Oil Intelligence Committee. p. 17 (p61 of pdf). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2009.
  6. ^ John Tagliabue (27 November 1983). "The Twilight of the Industrial Ruhr". New York Times. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  7. ^ Link
  8. ^ "Demografiebericht AG Ruhr" (PDF). Arbeitsgemeinschaft der kommunalen Statistikstellen der Metropole Ruhr.
  9. ^ "2.02 Fläche und Bevölkerung nach Statistischen Bezirken 2014" (PDF). Statistisches Jahrbuch 2015 der Stadt Oberhausen (in German). Stadt Oberhausen. January 2015. p. 31. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  10. ^ "Oberhausen – statistik.arbeitsagentur.de". statistik.arbeitsagentur.de. Retrieved 2020-08-11.
  11. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Oberhausen". oberhausen.de (in German). Oberhausen. Retrieved 2021-03-03.

External links[edit]