Obernburg

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Obernburg a.Main
Aerial picture of Obernburg
Aerial picture of Obernburg
Coat of arms of Obernburg a.Main
Coat of arms
Obernburg a.Main  is located in Germany
Obernburg a.Main
Obernburg a.Main
Coordinates: 49°50′24″N 09°8′29″E / 49.84000°N 9.14139°E / 49.84000; 9.14139Coordinates: 49°50′24″N 09°8′29″E / 49.84000°N 9.14139°E / 49.84000; 9.14139
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Unterfranken
District Miltenberg
Government
 • Mayor Dietmar Fieger (CSU)
Area
 • Total 24.83 km2 (9.59 sq mi)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 8,477
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 63785
Dialling codes 06022
Vehicle registration MIL
Website www.obernburg.de

Obernburg am Main (officially Obernburg a.Main) is a town in the Miltenberg district in the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Franconia (Unterfranken) in Bavaria, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Obernburg lies at the mouth of the river Mümling, where it empties into the Main, at the foot of the Odenwald (range).

History[edit]

Between 83 and 85, the Romans built the Obernburg castrum. Obernburg’s old town still somewhat corresponds the castrum’s footprint. In the Alamannic invasion of 259 and 260, the castrum fell, but was resettled later on.

The castrum was the garrison of the Cohors IIII Aquitanorum equitata. The stone fort, with an area of 2.9 ha and a nearly rectangular ground plan of roughly 185/188 × 160 m was oriented to the river Main. A beneficiarii station has been shown to have existed on the Limes road south of the fort, from which numerous dedication stones have been secured.

In 1204, Wolfger von Erla built a castle in defiance of the Count of Ortenburg in a feud.[2]

On 25 March 1313, Obernburg was raised to town by Archbishop of Mainz Peter of Aspelt. The confirmation of town rights by Louis the Bavarian came on 27 July 1317 in a document issued in Aschaffenburg.

Until the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss in 1803, Obernburg belonged to Electoral Mainz. Thereafter it belonged to the newly formed Principality of Aschaffenburg, with which it passed in 1814 (by this time it had become a department of the Grand Duchy of Frankfurt) to the Kingdom of Bavaria.

Until 1 July 1972, Obernburg was the seat of a like-named district. This was abolished in the course of municipal reform. On 1 May 1978, the neighbouring municipality of Eisenbach was amalgamated with Obernburg.

Governance[edit]

Town twinning[edit]

Coat of arms[edit]

The town’s arms might be described thus: Argent on a mount vert a buck attired statant gules, in his mouth a bunch of grapes Or stalked of the second, in sinister a demi-tree of the second.

The town once bore different arms showing the Wheel of Mainz, but this charge was dropped when the town became part of Bavaria in 1814. The new arms were introduced on the Mayor’s Medal in 1819. It has appeared in all official seals ever since.[3]

Economy[edit]

Obernburg’s industrial area lies near the outlying centre of Eisenbach in the town’s south. The biggest company is the firm Reis Robotics.

On the other side of the Main lies another industrial area called the Industrie Center Obernburg (ICO). There, in line with tradition, various kinds of chemical fibres are produced. Moreover, the industrial park is home to many other, smaller businesses in various fields. Although the industrial park bears the name Obernburg, and this is also the postal address, it actually lies exclusively within the communities of Erlenbach am Main and Elsenfeld.

Arts and culture[edit]

Historic buildings[edit]

Almosenturm in Obernburg

Obernburg retains a significant part of its town fortifications, particularly the Upper Gate (Oberes Tor), the Alms Tower (Almosenturm) and the Round Tower (Runder Turm). Other historic buildings include the town hall, the Annakapelle (chapel) and the Baroque church in Eisenbach.

Theatre[edit]

  • Kleinkunstbühne Kochsmühle (cabaret)

Museums[edit]

  • The Römermuseum ("Roman Museum") exhibits the traces of Roman settlement in Obernburg and the surrounding area.
  • The Eisenbacher Heimatmuseum (local history) is housed in the outlying centre’s former new town hall.

Tourism/hiking paths[edit]

Since 1990, Obernburg has been located on the Fränkischer Rotwein Wanderweg (“Franconian Red Wine Hiking Trail”). European walking route E8 runs through Obernburg, linking County Kerry in Ireland to İstanbul in Turkey.

Regular events[edit]

  • In July, the Mirabellenfest ("Mirabelle Plum Festival") is celebrated in Eisenbach
  • Since 1989 the Obernburger Mühlstein ("Obernburg Millstone"), a prize for newcomers in cabaret, has been regularly awarded in Obernburg.

Sports[edit]

The sport club TUSPO Obernburg is above all known for its team handball department in the Men’s Second Handball Bundesliga.

Infrastructure[edit]

Public institutions[edit]

The Obernburg District Court (Amtsgericht Obernburg) is the court with jurisdiction over the Miltenberg district.

In Obernburg there are a branch office of the Miltenberg district office (Landratsamt), the Obernburg Financial Office responsible for the district and a branch office of the Aschaffenburg Employment Office.

Education[edit]

Schools of general education (Allgemeinbildende Schulen) in Obernburg are the Johannes-Obernburger-Volksschule (primary school and Hauptschule), the Eisenbach primary school and the Main-Limes-Realschule. Vocational training schools are the Staatliche Berufsschule Miltenberg-Obernburg, the Berufsfachschule für Kaufmännische Assistenten (for sales assistants) and the Staatliche Fachoberschule und Berufsoberschule Obernburg. Furthermore, there are a municipal music school and the Dr.-Albert-Liebmann-Schule.

Notable people[edit]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016. 
  2. ^ Georg Juritsch (1894), Geschichte der Babenberger und ihrer Länder (Innsbruck), p. 378.
  3. ^ Description and explanation of Obernburg’s arms

External links[edit]