Obernzell

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Obernzell
Coat of arms of Obernzell
Coat of arms
Obernzell   is located in Germany
Obernzell
Obernzell
Coordinates: 48°34′N 13°39′E / 48.567°N 13.650°E / 48.567; 13.650Coordinates: 48°34′N 13°39′E / 48.567°N 13.650°E / 48.567; 13.650
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Niederbayern
District Passau
Government
 • Mayor Manfred Riedl (SPD)
Area
 • Total 18.25 km2 (7.05 sq mi)
Elevation 294 m (965 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 3,795
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 94130
Dialling codes 08591
Vehicle registration PA
Website www.obernzell.de

Obernzell is a municipality in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.

Geography[edit]

Geographical location[edit]

Obernzell is located in the Donau-Wald region at the Danube River. The middle of the Danube River forms the border with Upper Austria.

Marktplatz von Obernzell
Schloss Obernzell

Neighboring communities in Bavaria[edit]

In Bavaria (Passau district):

In Upper Austria:

Constituent communities[edit]

The Obernzell Municipality contains 21 Districts.:[2]

Hammermühle

There are the districts of Ederlsdorf, Kellberg and Obernzell .

Obernzell

History[edit]

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Epitaph Lukas Kern, Schiffermeister

Originating from a monastery, Obernzell was first owned by the Lords of Griesbach and belonged to Bishopric Passau since 1217 as Griesbach at lower market or low-Griesbach in the cell and it further comprised a unit with Untergriesbach. In 1283, it had a parish, in 1359 it was granted market rights. During this time, processing of clay and graphite was the most important economic factor. In 1516 the Obernzeller graphit melting had their own guilds. Around 1530 was the first time Hafner cell named after the potters resident. The crucible prepared consisted of 50% graphite, 40% clay and 10% quartz. They were primarily used by alchemists, metal casters and mints. The crucibles made Obernzell so famous that Bernhard Grueber and Adalbert Müller in 1846 The Bavarian Forest wrote in her book: :

Obernzell notwithstanding its smallness abroad known than many German residence city this reputation it owes the unsurpassable crucibles, which are manufactured here and shipped in half the world

Obernzell ist ungeachtet seiner Kleinheit im Auslande bekannter, als manche deutsche Residenzstadt. Diesen Ruf verdankt es den unübertrefflichen Schmelztiegeln, welche hier verfertigt und in die halbe Welt versendet werden.

[3]

Incorporations[edit]

Once an independent municipality, Ederlsdorf was incorporated on July 1, 1972.[4]

Population development[edit]

  • 1970: 3.426 Inhabitants
  • 1987: 3.425 Inhabitants
  • 2000: 3.790 Inhabitants
  • 2011: 3.850 Inhabitants

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016. 
  2. ^ http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html?anzeige=voll&modus=automat&tempus=+20111117/200538&attr=OBJ&val=752
  3. ^ Bernhard Grueber, Adalbert Müller: Der bayrische Wald, 1846, Nachdruck: Morsak Verlag, Grafenau 1993, S. 135
  4. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (Hrsg.) (1983) (in German), Handbuch der bayerischen Ämter, Gemeinden und Gerichte 1799–1980, München: C.H.Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, pp. 590, ISBN 3-406-09669-7