Oberspreewald-Lausitz

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Oberspreewald-Lausitz
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
CapitalSenftenberg
Area
 • Total1,216.6 km2 (469.7 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total111,122
 • Density91/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationOSL, CA, SFB
Websitehttp://www.osl-online.de

Oberspreewald-Lausitz (Lower Sorbian: Wokrejs Górne Błota-Łužyca, Upper Sorbian: Wokrjes Hornje Błóta-Łužica) is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Dahme-Spreewald, Spree-Neiße, the districts Kamenz and Riesa-Großenhain in Saxony, and the district Elbe-Elster.

Geography[edit]

The Spree river runs through the district; along its banks there is the Spreewald, a wooded area and habitat of several rare animals. The district is part of the historic region of Lusatia.

History[edit]

The district was formed in 1993 by merging the previous districts of Calau and Senftenberg and a small part of the district Bad Liebenwerda.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Oberspreewald-Lausitz: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 58,860—    
1890 69,525+1.12%
1910 109,357+2.29%
1925 128,487+1.08%
1933 133,248+0.46%
1939 139,774+0.80%
1946 164,609+2.36%
1950 165,790+0.18%
1964 181,923+0.67%
1971 185,312+0.26%
1981 175,957−0.52%
1985 171,995−0.57%
1989 169,687−0.34%
1990 166,351−1.97%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 161,229−3.08%
1992 161,124−0.07%
1993 159,828−0.80%
1994 158,537−0.81%
1995 156,758−1.12%
1996 155,024−1.11%
1997 152,924−1.35%
1998 150,414−1.64%
1999 148,124−1.52%
2000 145,110−2.03%
2001 141,959−2.17%
2002 139,062−2.04%
2003 136,251−2.02%
2004 134,025−1.63%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 132,032−1.49%
2006 129,581−1.86%
2007 127,278−1.78%
2008 125,216−1.62%
2009 123,426−1.43%
2010 121,679−1.42%
2011 116,898−3.93%
2012 115,212−1.44%
2013 113,842−1.19%
2014 112,896−0.83%
2015 112,450−0.40%
2016 111,962−0.43%
2017 111,122−0.75%
2018 110,476−0.58%

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows a red bull as the symbol of the Lower Lusatia region, representing the former district Calau. The city wall in the bottom part is an old symbol of the Upper Lusatia region, and also represents the former district Senftenberg. The shield with a lion is the symbol of the county of Meißen, representing the municipalities of the former district Bad Liebenwerda which were included into the district.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Calau – Kalawa
  2. Großräschen
  3. Lauchhammer
  4. Lübbenau – Lubnjow
  5. Schwarzheide
  6. Senftenberg
  7. Vetschau – Wětošow


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Schipkau

1. Altdöbern

  1. Altdöbern1
  2. Bronkow
  3. Luckaitztal
  4. Neupetershain
  5. Neu-Seeland

2. Ortrand

  1. Frauendorf
  2. Großkmehlen
  3. Kroppen
  4. Lindenau
  5. Ortrand1, 2
  6. Tettau

3. Ruhland

  1. Grünewald
  2. Guteborn
  3. Hermsdorf
  4. Hohenbocka
  5. Ruhland1, 2
  6. Schwarzbach
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Media related to Oberspreewald-Lausitz at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 51°35′N 14°0′E / 51.583°N 14.000°E / 51.583; 14.000