Obilić

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Obilić

Обилић/Obilić  (Serbian)
Obiliq or Obiliqi,
Kastriot or Kastrioti  (Albanian)
Obilić main street
Obilić main street
Official logo of Obilić
Emblem
Obilić is located in Kosovo
Obilić
Obilić
Location of the municipality of Obilić within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°41′N 21°04′E / 42.683°N 21.067°E / 42.683; 21.067
CountryKosovo[a]
DistrictDistrict of Pristina
Municipality1989
Government
 • MayorXhafer Gashi
 • Municipal105 km2 (41 sq mi)
Elevation
526 m (1,726 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Urban
6,864
 • Municipal
21,549
 • Municipal density210/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
15000
Area code(s)+383 38
Car plates01
Websitekk.rks-gov.net/obiliq

Obilić (Serbian Cyrillic: Обилић), or Obiliq or Kastriot (Albanian: Obiliqi or Kastrioti), is a town and municipality located in the Pristina District of Kosovo[a]. According to the 2011 census, the town of Obilić has 6,864 inhabitants, while the municipality has 21,549 inhabitants. The municipality includes the town of Obilić and 19 villages.[1]

The municipality is located immediately north-west of Pristina on the main road to Mitrovica. It was created in 1989, prior to which it formed part of Pristina municipality.[1]

Name[edit]

The name for the town, Obilić, refers to Serbian national hero Miloš Obilić who killed the Ottoman Sultan Murad I at the Battle of Kosovo (1389). In Albanian, the town is known as Obiliq (a transliteration of the Serbian name), while an alternative name (used by Albanian nationalists[2]) was coined by the Albanological Institute, Kastriot, after Albanian national hero George Kastrioti Skanderbeg (1405–1468).[3][4] It was prior to 1912 known as Globoderica (Глободерица).

Economy[edit]

There are three coal mines operating on the territory of Obilić: Belaćevac, Miraš and Sibovc. These mines are of tremendous value for Kosovo's economy and energy sector, as more than 97% of Kosovo's annual electricity production comes from there, with coal being the main resource for the power plants. There are two power plants operating on the territory of Obilić which combined produce:

Demographics[edit]

Municipal historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19489,228—    
195310,971+3.52%
196114,899+3.90%
197121,188+3.58%
198126,595+2.30%
199131,627+1.75%
201121,549−1.90%
2016
est.
19,165−2.32%
Source: Division of Kosovo

According to the 2011 census, the municipality had a population of 21,548 inhabitants.

The ethnic composition of the town of Obilić:[5][6][7]

Ethnic group 1961 census 1981 census 2011 census
Serbs 1,778 2,828 0
Albanians 1,434 3,289 6,627
Montenegrins 248 466 0
Others 77 2,349 227
Total 3,646 8,769 6,846

Ethnic groups[edit]

The majority of the municipality is formed of Kosovo Albanians, with minorities of Kosovo Serbs, Roma, Ashkali, Bosniaks and others.

Gallery[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states. 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.

References:

  1. ^ a b OSCE Mission in Kosovo: Municipal profile of Obilić Archived June 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, April 2008. – Retrieved on 30 October 2008.
  2. ^ Andreas Wittkowsky (2011). Grand Hotel Kosovo: Schlaglichter einer europäischen Staatsbildung. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 69. ISBN 978-3-643-11425-9.
  3. ^ Saskia Drude (2008). Hundert Wochen Kosovo: Alltag in einem unfertigen Land. Karin Fischer Verlag. p. 99. ISBN 978-3-89514-836-1.
  4. ^ Jean-Arnault Dérens (2006). Kosovo: année zéro. Editions Paris-Méditerranée. p. 31. ISBN 978-2-84272-248-7.
  5. ^ Национални састав становништва ФНР Југославије 1961. године pod2.stat.gov.rs
  6. ^ Национални састав становништва СФР Југославије 1981. године pod2.stat.gov.rs
  7. ^ Етнички састав становништва Косова и Метохије 2011. године pop-stat.mashke.org Template:Ал

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°41′24″N 21°04′40″E / 42.69000°N 21.07778°E / 42.69000; 21.07778