Obion County, Tennessee

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Obion County, Tennessee
Obion County Court House Union City TN 2013-04-06 007.jpg
Obion County Courthouse
Map of Tennessee highlighting Obion County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824[1]
Named for Obion River[1]
Government
• Mayor

Benny McGuire
Seat Union City
Largest city Union City
Area
 • Total 556 sq mi (1,440 km2)
 • Land 545 sq mi (1,412 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 1.9%
Population
 • (2010) 31,807
 • Density 58/sq mi (22/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.obioncounty.org
Reelfoot Lake

Obion County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,807.[2] The county seat is Union City.[3] The county was formed in 1823 and organized in 1824.[1] It was named after the Obion River.[4]

Obion County is part of the Union City, TN–KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Martin–Union City, TN–KY Combined Statistical Area.

From 1877–1950, there were 18 lynchings of blacks in the county, the second-highest number in the state. Neighboring Lake County had 13 lynchings. These two counties have had small overall populations compared to Shelby County, where there were 20 lynchings in that period. Most of the extrajudicial murders occurred around the turn of the century, part of racial terrorism and suppression targeted at blacks.[5]

History[edit]

Obion was established in 1823 and organized the following year. It was named for the Obion River, which flows through the county and is a tributary of the nearby Mississippi River. The word "Obion" is believed to be derived from a Native American word meaning "many forks."[1]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 556 square miles (1,440 km2), of which 545 square miles (1,410 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.9%) is water.[6] It is located in the "rolling hills of northwest Tennessee".[1]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • Glover Wetland Wildlife Management Area
  • Gooch Wildlife Management Area
  • Hop-In Refuge
  • Obion River Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Reelfoot Lake State Natural Area (part)
  • Reelfoot Lake State Park (part)
  • Three Rivers Wildlife Management Area

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,099
1840 4,814 129.3%
1850 7,633 58.6%
1860 12,817 67.9%
1870 15,584 21.6%
1880 22,912 47.0%
1890 27,273 19.0%
1900 28,286 3.7%
1910 29,946 5.9%
1920 28,393 −5.2%
1930 29,086 2.4%
1940 30,978 6.5%
1950 29,056 −6.2%
1960 26,957 −7.2%
1970 29,936 11.1%
1980 32,781 9.5%
1990 31,717 −3.2%
2000 32,450 2.3%
2010 31,807 −2.0%
Est. 2016 30,578 [7] −3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid for Obion County[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 32,450 people, 13,182 households, and 9,398 families residing in the county. The population density was 60 people per square mile (23/km²). There were 14,489 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.16% White, 9.85% Black or African American, 0.19% Asian, 0.14% Native American, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,182 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,764, and the median income for a family was $40,533. Males had a median income of $32,963 versus $20,032 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,409. About 10.10% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.60% of those under age 18 and 15.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 77.8% 9,526 19.8% 2,426 2.4% 297
2012 71.7% 8,814 27.0% 3,321 1.3% 162
2008 66.3% 8,873 32.2% 4,308 1.6% 211
2004 58.1% 7,859 41.0% 5,549 0.9% 127
2000 49.6% 6,168 48.7% 6,056 1.7% 216
1996 37.4% 4,310 54.0% 6,226 8.7% 1,000
1992 37.4% 4,812 50.5% 6,497 12.1% 1,555
1988 55.6% 6,037 44.1% 4,785 0.3% 36
1984 56.7% 6,384 42.4% 4,769 0.9% 99
1980 47.5% 5,397 50.7% 5,766 1.8% 202
1976 28.9% 2,986 69.8% 7,204 1.3% 130
1972 70.4% 5,800 27.2% 2,243 2.4% 200
1968 25.9% 2,420 23.9% 2,235 50.1% 4,680
1964 33.1% 2,802 66.9% 5,672
1960 46.4% 3,800 51.8% 4,244 1.9% 152
1956 30.8% 2,349 67.9% 5,185 1.4% 103
1952 36.5% 2,682 62.9% 4,623 0.5% 40
1948 13.9% 642 75.6% 3,490 10.5% 485
1944 14.3% 615 85.4% 3,670 0.3% 13
1940 10.9% 536 88.7% 4,360 0.4% 18
1936 10.1% 417 89.9% 3,728
1932 9.4% 334 89.2% 3,183 1.5% 52
1928 24.1% 789 76.0% 2,492
1924 12.9% 485 85.5% 3,223 1.6% 61
1920 22.3% 1,307 77.4% 4,547 0.3% 20
1916 15.6% 591 83.6% 3,170 0.8% 29
1912 15.9% 455 75.2% 2,152 8.9% 256

The county is part of District 77 of the Tennessee House of Representatives, currently represented by Republican Bill Sanderson, and District 76, currently represented by Republican Andy Holt. The county is part of District 24 of the Tennessee Senate, currently represented by Republican John Stevens.[15] At the federal level, it is part of the state's 8th congressional district, currently represented by Republican David Kustoff.

Education[edit]

Obion County Schools[edit]

School District website - https://www.obioncountyschools.com/

School Name Team Mascot School Colors School Website
Lake Road Elementary School Generals Blue/Orange https://www.obioncountyschools.com/lakeroad
Hillcrest Elementary School Cougars Red/Navy Blue https://www.obioncountyschools.com/hillcrest
Ridgemont Elementary School Mustangs Red/Yellow https://www.obioncountyschools.com/ridgemont
Black Oak Elementary School Eagles Yellow/Blue https://www.obioncountyschools.com/blackoak
South Fulton Elementary School Red Devils Red/White https://www.obioncountyschools.com/sfe
South Fulton Middle/High School Red Devils Red/White https://www.obioncountyschools.com/sfhs
Obion County Central High School Rebels Red/White/Blue https://www.obioncountyschools.com/occhs

Union City Schools[edit]

School District Website - http://www.tornadotouch.net/

School Name Team Mascot School Colors School Website
Union City Elementary School Tornadoes Purple/Gold http://www.tornadotouch.net/
Union City Middle School Tornadoes Purple/Gold http://www.tornadotouch.net/
Union City High School Tornadoes Purple/Gold http://www.tornadotouch.net/

Media[edit]

Other services[edit]

Obion County has a public library, with a 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m2) building and a catalog of over 70,000 books, video and audio materials.[16]

Residents of the county's unincorporated communities have the option of paying $75 per year if they want firefighting services from the city of South Fulton.[17][18]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e R.C. Forrester. "Obion County". Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Origins Of Tennessee County Names" (PDF). Tennessee Blue Book. 2005–2006. p. 512. Retrieved April 18, 2015. 
  5. ^ Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County, Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, p. 6
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ Based on 2000 census data.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  15. ^ Senate District 24 from the website of the Tennessee General Assembly
  16. ^ "About". Obion County Public Library. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  17. ^ "Firefighters watch as home burns to the ground". WPSD-TV. September 30, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  18. ^ Jason Hibbs (December 5, 2011). "Home burns while firefighters watch, again". WPSD-TV. Retrieved 2011-12-06. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°22′N 89°09′W / 36.36°N 89.15°W / 36.36; -89.15