Obock Region

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Obock Region
إقليم أوبوك
Skyline of Obock Region
Djibouti - Obock.svg
Coordinates: 11°58′N 43°18′E / 11.967°N 43.300°E / 11.967; 43.300Coordinates: 11°58′N 43°18′E / 11.967°N 43.300°E / 11.967; 43.300
Country  Djibouti
Capital Obock
 • Total 4,700 km2 (1,800 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 37,856
 • Density 8.1/km2 (21/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code DJ-OB

The Obock Region (Arabic: إقليم أوبوك‎‎, Somali: Gobolka Obock, Afar: Obock Rakaakay) is a region in northern Djibouti. It has a land area of 4,700 square kilometres (1,800 sq mi), and had a population of 37,856 in 2009.[1]


In the mid-19th century and earlier, Obock was ruled by Somali and Afar Sultans, local authorities with whom France signed various treaties between 1883 and 1887 to first gain a foothold in the region.[2][3][4] The French developed Obock as a colonial port, while the Italians maintained a port to the north of Obock at Assab.[5]

Obock region became a separate administrative entity in 1927, with Michel Azenor appointed as chief.[6]


The region covers an area of 4,700 square kilometres (1,800 sq mi).[1] It is bordered by Eritrea to the north, the Tadjourah Region to the southwest, and the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden to the east.[7] There are several salt-lakes on the road to Tadjoura.[8]

The regional capital is Obock, which is positioned on the Gulf of Tadjoura littoral.[7] The city has a functional airstrip and offers regular ferry services to Djibouti City.[9] Other notable towns include Daddato, Khor Angar, Andali, Bissidiro, Moulhoule, Alaili Dadda`, Waddi, Lahassa, Egahlou and Ribta.[7]


Elevations play a major factor in temperature, with the escarpments and plateaus on average 16 °C (61 °F) cooler, day or night. The climate of the coastal strip is influenced by warm ocean waters, keeping the closest parts free from extremes highs and providing occasional rainfall. The overnight lows in the highlands - the western half of the region - drop to about 61–76 °F (16–24 °C).

The annual mean statistics for some Tadjoura Region centres is shown below:

Town Min. Temp Max. Temp Rainfall
Khôr ‘Angar 22.8 °C (73.0 °F) 39.8 °C (103.6 °F) 57 mm (2.2 in)
Obock 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) 41.0 °C (105.8 °F) 83 mm (3.3 in)
Alaili Dadda` 19.6 °C (67.3 °F) 38.2 °C (100.8 °F) 135 mm (5.3 in)
Egahlou 14.3 °C (57.7 °F) 35.1 °C (95.2 °F) 322 mm (12.7 in)


  1. ^ a b Britannica Book of the Year 2012. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1 March 2012. p. 586. ISBN 978-1-61535-618-8. 
  2. ^ Raph Uwechue, Africa year book and who's who, (Africa Journal Ltd.: 1977), p.209.
  3. ^ Hugh Chisholm (ed.), The encyclopædia britannica: a dictionary of arts, sciences, literature and general information, Volume 25, (At the University press: 1911), p.383.
  4. ^ A Political Chronology of Africa, (Taylor & Francis), p.132.
  5. ^ Ash, John; Atkins, John (30 June 2010). Birds of Ethiopia and Eritrea: An Atlas of Distribution. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4081-3308-8. 
  6. ^ Simon, Imbert-Vier (20 April 2011). Tracer des frontières à Djibouti, des territoires et des hommes au XIXe et XXe siècles (in French). KARTHALA Editions. p. 137. ISBN 978-2-8111-3361-0. 
  7. ^ a b c Google (6 November 2016). "Obock Region" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  8. ^ Rimbaud, Arthur (18 December 2007). I Promise to Be Good: The Letters of Arthur Rimbaud. Random House Publishing Group. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-307-43125-7. 
  9. ^ Carillet, Jean-Bernard; Bewer, Tim (1 May 2013). Lonely Planet Ethiopia, Djibouti & Somaliland. Lonely Planet. p. 487. ISBN 978-1-74321-647-7.