|Founded||23 April 1815|
|Founder||Miloš Obrenović I|
|Final ruler||Alexander I|
|Current head||H.R.H. Prince Predrag R. Obrenović|
|Deposition||11 June 1903|
The Obrenović (Serbian pronunciation: [obrěːnoʋit͡ɕ]; Serbian: Обреновићи, Obrenovići, often spelled in English as Obrenovich or Obrenovitch) was a Serbian dynasty that ruled Serbia from 1815 to 1842, and again from 1858 to 1903. They came to power through the leadership of their progenitor Miloš Obrenović I in the Serbian Uprising of (1815–1817) against the Ottoman Empire, which led to the formation of the Principality of Serbia in 1817. The monarchs tended to rule autocratically, their popularity waxing and waning over their decades in power.
The family's rule came to an end when an underground movement the Black Hand, murdered the last sovereign Alexander I, conspiracy organized by Prince Petar Karadjordjević. After the end of their rule, a constitutional monarchy headed by the House of Karađorđević took its place. After the overthrow one of their branch, descended from Jakov Obrenović, Miloš Obrenović's brother, H.R.H.Prince Predrag R. Obrenović became the successor of the Royal House Obrenovic and the Obrenovic claimant to the Serbian throne, after the breakup of Yugoslavia. The descendants of King Peter II (Karađorđević) also maintaining their claim to the throne through King Peter's son the last crown prince of Yugoslavia, Alexander Karađorđević who has been living in Belgrade in the Dedinje Royal Palace since 2001. As the only son of the last king, Peter II, who never abdicated, and the last official heir of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia he claims to be the rightful heir to the Serbian throne in the event of restoration
Unlike other Balkan states such as Greece, Bulgaria, or Romania, Serbia did not import a member of an existing European royal family to take its throne; the Obrenović dynasty, like its Karađorđević rival, was an indigenous Serbian family.
- Miloš Obrenović I ruled from 1817 to 1839, when he abdicated, and again from 1858 until his death in 1860.
- Milan Obrenović II had a brief reign between June 25, 1839 and July 8, 1839, when he died.
- Mihailo Obrenović III ruled from 1839 to 1842, when he was deposed and the Obrenović family lost control of Serbia, and again ruled from 1860 to 1868, when he was assassinated.
- Milan Obrenović IV succeeded Mihailo under a regency in 1868, and reigned as King Milan I from 1882 to 1889.
- Alexander I reigned from 1889 until he was murdered in 1903.
Unlike most other dynasties in Europe, where a numeral is used to distinguish different monarchs who shared the same given name, the Obrenović dynasty assigned a subsequent numeral to each ruling monarch. Thus, there was never a Milan I, Milan III, a Mihailo I or a Mihailo II. Milan II and Mihailo III were simply the second and third ruling monarchs from the Obrenović dynasty. For some reason this practice was discontinued with Alexander I, when a more standardized naming convention was adopted.
Other family members
- Jevram Obrenović, younger brother of Milos Obrenović I
- Jovan Obrenović, younger brother of Milos Obrenović I
- Jakov Obrenović, elder brother of Milos Obrenović I
- Duke Milan Obrenović, elder brother of Milos Obrenović I
- Marija Obrenović, mother of Milan Obrenović IV
- Natalija Obrenović, wife of Milan Obrenović IV.
- Draga Obrenović, wife of Alexander I and former lady-in-waiting to his mother.
- Princess Anka Obrenović, daughter of Jevrem Teodorović Obrenović.
- George Obrenovic, illegitimate son of King Milan
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