Obstacle racing

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An obstacle racer, dressed in costume, crawls through a mud pit topped with barbed wire.

Obstacle course racing (OCR) is a sport in which a competitor, traveling on foot, must overcome various physical challenges that are in the form of obstacles. Mud and trail runs are combined and the races are designed to result in mental and physical collapse.[1] Obstacles include, but are not limited to, climbing over walls, carrying heavy objects, traversing bodies of water, crawling under barbed wire, and jumping through fire. Many obstacles are similar to those used in military training, while others are unique to obstacle racing and are employed throughout the course to test endurance, strength, speed and, dexterity. Races vary in both distance and challenge level, combining trail running, road running, and cross country running.[2] With race venues typically in large cities, organizers encourage athletes of all types to participate. All Obstacles were introduced into Cross Country Running at Tough Guy, recorded on video 1989 - 2007. Most signature obstacles were actually created by Mr Mouse. According to the Los Angeles Times in 2012, the number of events—typically all-day festivals—rose rapidly. In accordance with the sub-culture's fast rate of growth, the Obstacle Race Magazine was launched.[3]

History[edit]

From the stadion, the oldest event of the Olympic Games, to the contemporary era steeplechase, obstacles of some sort have been presented to athletes for thousands of years. The concept of using obstacles for an endurance event is a contemporary phenomenon. It is widely thought that Tough Guy is the oldest obstacle course race, with the first race in 1987. All video recorded 1989 thro 2009[4]

In 2011, approximately one million people registered to participate in obstacle racing events in the United States (US), 4.5 million in 2015[5] and by 2016 the number is estimated to be 5.6 million.[6]

Spartan Race founder Joe Desena has a clear goal of getting the sport to the Olympics[7] and tapped adventure racer Ian Adamson[8] for the task in 2014.[9] The International Obstacle Sports Federation is the world governing body for Obstacle Racing and related sports.

In recent years, obstacle course racing has been emerging onto the college scene in the United States. Universities, like Texas A&M University, have launched organizations and club teams that feature obstacle course training.

Notable events[edit]

Rugged Maniac[edit]

Rugged Maniac 2015. Four men offer a helping hand up the Warped Wall in Rugged Maniac.

Rugged Maniac was founded in 2010 by former lawyers Brad Scudder and Rob Dickens. The very first race was held in October 2010, in Southwick, Massachusetts. It has since expanded to 24 cities over the United States and Canada.[10]

In 2014, they were featured on ABC's Shark Tank and secured a $1.75 million deal with Mark Cuban, the billionaire entrepreneur and owner of the Dallas Mavericks.[11] On January 16, 2016, Rugged Maniac (Under their company name Rugged Races LLC), appeared again on Shark Tank in an update video.[12] Since first appearing on the show, the Rugged Maniac event has expanded to Canada, increased in sales from $4.2 million to $10.5 million before and after Shark Tank, expanded to 28 cities, and created a second race called "The Costume Dash 5K", which debuted in Boston in October 2015.[13][14]

Rugged Maniac features 25 obstacles over a 5 kilometer (3.1 mile) course. It is designed to be more family-friendly and catered to people of all fitness levels, due to the shorter distance but larger number of obstacles. The run ends with an all-day festival of beer, food, mechanical bull riding, adult-sized bounce houses, and sponsor exhibition booths.[15]

Spartan Race[edit]

Spartan Race courses vary in distance and difficulty from 3+ mile "Sprint" courses, to 8+ mile "Super" courses, to the 13+ mile "Spartan Beast". Average finishing times for the events range from 30 minutes to 6 hours, depending on the particular course and fitness level of the racer. Race venues have included ski slopes, state parks, paint ball parks, and more. Any competitor who completes all three race distances is said to have completed the Spartan Trifecta.[16] The Spartan Beast, which is held in Killington, VT serves as the Championship event each year, with a $20,000 prize purse.

The first Spartan Race World Championship was held in December 2011 in Glen Rose, Texas. It is an eight-mile Spartan Race course comprising 36 obstacles and includes a USD$20,000 prize purse. Beginning in 2012, the Spartan Race World Championships were held annually in Killington, Vermont, and at Squaw Valley, CA since 2014 with $500,000 in cash and prizes.[17]

Tough Mudder[edit]

In 2010, Tough Mudder's first event was held in May 2010. The Tough Mudder is not technically a race and is instead focused on teamwork and completion of the event rather than finishing under a certain time.[citation needed]

Tough Mudder courses are between 10 and 12 miles and contain various military style obstacles.[citation needed]

The final event of the Tough Mudder season is the World's Toughest Mudder. This is a 24-hour event in which competitors will run a shorter Tough Mudder course that has much more intense obstacles than a normal Tough Mudder and is designed to be more grueling as well. The goal for a participant in World's Toughest Mudder is to complete as many laps as possible within a 24 hours period. The athletes (solo male, solo female, team) who complete the most laps are declared the World's Toughest Mudder. The top male and female each receive $10,000 and the top team receives $12,000 (total).[citation needed]

Warrior Dash[edit]

The Warrior Dash was founded in 2009. Because Warrior Dash does not assign penalties for skipped obstacles, it is often considered an obstacle course event rather than a race. While Warrior Dash does not meet all the requirements to be considered a race, organizers do award their top finishers with non-cash prizes. All finishers receive a "warrior helmet" – a horned helmet.[citation needed]

As a shorter event, winning times for a Warrior Dash may be as short as 15 minutes. While Warrior Dash features many of the same obstacles found at other races such as mud crawls, water features, and cargo net climbs.[citation needed]

Chakravyuh Challenge[edit]

Founded in 2016 and named after the near-invincible battle formation from Indian mythology (Chakravyuha), the Chakravyuh Challenge is the first obstacle course race to be hosted in the exotic state of Kerala in India. The competition tests the participants' agility, bravery and problem solving capability by pitting them against obstacles involving slush, water, ropes, inclined slopes, team building exercises, fun mazes and more.

The race is open to both men and women and held in three variations - Individual Competitive Category, Team Challenge and Fun Run. With separate cash prizes awarded to the male and female winners of the first two categories. The obstacle race is part of a three day adventure fest, held annually and the circuit itself is designed every year by former Indian Navy commandos. [18]

OCR World Championships[edit]

The sport's first independent World Championship took place on October 25 & 26 2014 in Cincinnati, Ohio. The men's event was won by UK's Jonathan Albon,[19] who successfully defended his crown in 2015[20] and 2016.[21] For the women, the inaugural event was won by Siri Englund of Sweden in 2014[22] and then Lindsay Webster of Canada in 2015[23] and 2016.[24] With participation of the sport growing, the organization added a short 3 km course and a team event in 2016.

BattleFrog[edit]

Each BattleFrog features an 8 km course and at least twenty-five obstacles.[25]

In August 2016, BattleFrog canceled their remaining events for the season and no longer offers obstacle course races.[26]

Notable European events[edit]

Tough Guy[edit]

First staged in 1987, Tough Guy claims to be the first official and toughest obstacle course race in the world. It is held on the last Sunday in January in Perton, Staffordshire, UK. The race is held twice a year in winter and summer. The winter event requires competitors to compete in near freezing temperatures and contend with ice and snow. The 2013 event was won by Knut Höhler[4][27]

Bog Commander[edit]

Bog Commander combines fell running with obstacle course racing and mud running. Set on a working hill farm in the spectacular Peak District, this course has been described as "extreme" and "brutal" by its participants. Terrain varies from 1200 ft to 1500 ft and includes natural bogs, river runs, massive hills and rough terrain. Man made obstacles complete the challenge.[28][citation needed]

Legion Run[edit]

Founded in Cyprus in 2013, Legion Run is the only obstacle course based in south-eastern Europe. With a motto of ‘We are Legion, we are one of many, we are you’, this non-competitive event emphasizes teamwork and overcoming personal challenges. Legion Run has held successful events in Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece and Hungary, and has quickly established itself as a favourite in the region, particularly amongst members of the CrossFit and combat sport communities, as well as corporations, armed forces and other organized teams. The first non-European Legion Run events will be held in 2015.[citation needed]

Legion Run involves a 5 km course with at least 15 obstacles, along with a parallel all-day festival for both participants and spectators. Every participant that crosses the finish line is awarded an exclusive ‘I Am Legion’ T-shirt and a well-deserved beer. In keeping with the team spirit of the event, there are no individual prizes or distinctions, however many participants choose to time themselves.[29]

The Suffering Obstacle Race[edit]

The Suffering Obstacle Race was established in 2012. This event offers obstacle races of distances varying from 5K, 10K, 10 miles, and 20 miles.[30][31]

Getting Tough[edit]

Since 2011 each year in December in Rudolstadt, Germany. "Europes hardes Obstacle Race". 24 km, 1000 meter elevation gain, 180 Obstacle, lots of icy water.[32]

Notable African events[edit]

IMPI[edit]

THE IMPI Challenge Obstacle Trail Run is staged in South Africa.[33]

Jeep Warrior Race[edit]

Jeep Warrior Race[34] is South Africa’s largest obstacle course race with up to 9000 participants per event.[citation needed] The Warrior Race offers race distances ranging from 5 to 17 kilometers.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nick Heil. "American Gladiators". Outside. 
  2. ^ Staff (2011). "Home". Conquer Any Course - Bringing Out The Warrior Within You!. Conquer Any Course. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Roy M. Wallack (10 March 2012). "Racing Dirty". LA Times. 
  4. ^ a b "An electrifying challenge! Thousands of competitors are burned bruised and zapped as they endure the annual Tough Guy race". Daily Mail. London. 
  5. ^ http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/2015/11/02/obstacle-races-going-mainstream-more-popular-than-marathons/73743474/
  6. ^ Tom Weir (14 December 2011). "'Obstacle racing' is latest challenge for endurance jocks". USA Today. Retrieved 24 May 2012. 
  7. ^ Burns, Mark (August 6, 2015). "Spartan Race CEO Discusses Brand Evolution, Overcoming Adversity And Obstacle Racing In The Olympics". www.Forbes.com. Forbes. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  8. ^ Wishner, Samantha (July 10, 2016). "Ian Adamson – International Obstacle Racing Federation". www.wor.media. WOR Media. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  9. ^ Beresini, Erin (May 11, 2014). "Obstacle-Course Racing: The Next Olympic Sport?". www.outsideonline.com. Outside Magazine. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Rugged Maniac 5k Southwick MA October 2, 2010 Results". Cool Running. October 2, 2010. 
  11. ^ Ainsworth, Chip (April 28, 2014). "Extreme Business". The Recorder. 
  12. ^ Huffman, Rex (January 15, 2016). "'MasterChef: Junior Edition,' 'Shark Tank' on tap tonight". TimesReporter.com. 
  13. ^ Burnett, Mark (January 15, 2016). "Shark Tank". television. Season 7. ABC. 
  14. ^ Weaver, Alex (October 26, 2015). "1,500 Costumed Crazies Will Run the Streets of Boston This Halloween". BostInno.com. 
  15. ^ LeBlanc, Pam (August 26, 2015). "Giant water slides, tunnels, trampolines and more at Rugged Maniac obstacle race Sept. 5". Austin360. 
  16. ^ "Spartan Race types". Spartan Race. Retrieved 2016-11-18. 
  17. ^ Schlachter, Margaret (November 21, 2016). "Spartan Race World Championship Returns to Tahoe in 2017". http://www.mudrunguide.com. Mud Run Guide. Retrieved January 8, 2017.  External link in |website= (help)
  18. ^ "An adventure challenge". The Hindu. India. 
  19. ^ "2014 OCR World Championships - Men's Elite - Official Race Results". OnlineRaceResults.com. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  20. ^ "2015 OCR World Championships - Men's Elite - Official Race Results". OnlineRaceResults.com. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  21. ^ "2016 OCR World Championships - Men's Pro 15KM - Official Race Results". OnlineRaceResults.com. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  22. ^ "2014 OCR World Championships - Women's Elite - Official Race Results". OnlineRaceResults.com. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  23. ^ "2015 OCR World Championships - Women's Elite - Official Race Results". OnlineRaceResults.com. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  24. ^ "2016 OCR World Championships - Women's Pro 15KM - Official Race Results". OnlineRaceResults.com. Retrieved 2017-05-05. 
  25. ^ http://battlefrogseries.com/about/about-battlefrog
  26. ^ "Battlefrog Cancels Races". Retrieved October 20, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Is Tough Mudder founder 'the Mark Zuckerberg of extreme sports'? The death threats and legal battles behind one of the fastest-growing competitions in America". Daily Mail. London. 
  28. ^ http://www.bogcommander.co.uk
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ http://www.thesufferingrace.co.uk/
  31. ^ http://www.mudstacle.com/2014/06/pain-suffering-review-like-didnt-warn-us.html
  32. ^ http://www.gettingtough-race.de
  33. ^ [2]
  34. ^ [3]

Further reading[edit]