Ocean City, New Jersey
|Ocean City, New Jersey|
|City of Ocean City|
The sun rising over an Ocean City beach
|Motto: "America's Greatest Family Resort"|
Ocean City highlighted in Cape May County. Inset map: Cape May County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Ocean City, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||May 3, 1884 (as borough)|
|Reincorporated||March 25, 1897 (as city)|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||Jay A. Gillian (term ends June 30, 2018)|
|• Administrator||Jim Mallon|
|• Municipal clerk||Melissa Bovera|
|• Total||10.797 sq mi (27.964 km2)|
|• Land||6.333 sq mi (16.402 km2)|
|• Water||4.464 sq mi (11.562 km2) 41.35%|
|Area rank||202nd of 566 in state
5th of 16 in county
|Elevation||3 ft (0.9 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2016)||11,340|
|• Rank||207th of 566 in state
4th of 16 in county
|• Density||1,847.7/sq mi (713.4/km2)|
|• Density rank||300th of 566 in state
5th of 16 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||609 Exchanges: 391, 398, 399, 525, 814|
|GNIS feature ID||0885332|
Ocean City is a city in Cape May County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 11,701, reflecting a decline of 3,677 (-23.9%) from the 15,378 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 134 (-0.9%) from the 15,512 counted in the 1990 Census. In summer months, with an influx of tourists and second homeowners, there are estimated to be 115,000 to 130,000 within the city's borders.
Ocean City originated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 3, 1884, from portions of Upper Township, based on results from a referendum on April 30, 1884, and was reincorporated as a borough on March 31, 1890. Ocean City was incorporated as a city, its current government form, on March 25, 1897. The city is named for its location on the Atlantic Ocean.
Known as a family-oriented seaside resort, Ocean City has prohibited the sale of alcoholic beverages within its limits since its founding in 1879, offering miles of guarded beaches, a boardwalk that stretches for 2.5 miles (4.0 km), and a downtown shopping and dining district.
The Travel Channel rated Ocean City as the Best Family Beach of 2005. It was ranked the third-best beach in New Jersey in the 2008 Top 10 Beaches Contest sponsored by the New Jersey Marine Sciences Consortium. In the 2009 Top 10 Beaches Contest, Ocean City ranked first.
From early June through Labor Day, Ocean City requires individuals age 12 and up to purchase a beach tag to access its beaches. For the 2015 season, a one-day pass cost $5, a weekly pass was $10, and a seasonal pass for the full summer season was $25 (though, if purchased before June 1, seasonal tags were $20.)
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Climate
- 5 Sports
- 6 Government
- 7 Education
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Media
- 10 Notable people
- 11 Historic places
- 12 Locale
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The island, a stretch of dunes and swamps running for seven miles, had been used by local Native Americans who were brought there by its abundance of fish during the summer months. Originally purchased by the Somers family, the island had once been named Peck's Beach, believed to have been given the name for a whaler named John Peck who had a camp on the island.
In 1700, whaler John Peck began using the barrier island as a storage place for freshly caught whales. Eventually known as Peck's Beach, the island had several purposes: it was an Indian summer fishing camp, cattle-grazing area, and sometimes mainlanders would boat over for a picnic or to hunt.
On September 10, 1879, four Methodist ministers, Ezra B. Lake, James Lake, S. Wesley Lake, and William Burrell, chose the island as a suitable spot to establish a Christian retreat and camp meeting on the order of Ocean Grove. They met under a tall cedar tree, which stands today in the lobby of the Ocean City Tabernacle. Having chosen the name "Ocean City", the founders incorporated the Ocean City Association, laid out street and lots for cottages, hotel and businesses. The Ocean City Tabernacle was built between Wesley and Asbury Avenues and between 5th and 6th Streets. Camp meetings were held by the following summer and continue uninterrupted to this day. As a result of its religious origins, the sale or public drinking of alcoholic beverages in Ocean City was prohibited.
The first bridge to the island was built in 1883, and the first railroad soon followed. The first school began in 1881. The boardwalk grew and was relocated several times. The ship Sindia joined other shipwrecks on the beach on December 15, 1901, on its way to New York City from Kobe, Japan, but has since sunk below the sand. A salvage attempt to retrieve treasures believed to have been on the ship was most recently launched in the 1970s, all of which have been unsuccessful. A large fire in 1927 changed the city significantly, causing $1.5 million in damage and leading the city to move the boardwalk closer to the ocean, which resulted in the greater potential for damage from saltwater.
The Ocean City boardwalk is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the resort. It is also one of the most well-known boardwalks in the world. It is 2.5-mile (4.0 km) long and runs north from 23rd Street to St. James Place, with mile markers for people who are exercising.
The boardwalk was first built in 1880 from the Second Street wharf to Fourth Street and West Avenue. In 1885, plans to extend the boardwalk along the entire beach were made as the city's first amusement house, a pavilion on the beach at 11th street called "The Excursion" opened. A second amusement park, the "I.G. Adams pavilion", at Ninth Street and the boardwalk, opened soon after but was destroyed by fire in 1893. Following a second catastrophic fire in 1927, the boardwalk and its businesses were rebuilt 300 feet (91 m) closer to the ocean on concrete pilings, with parking created for cars in the space where the buildings and boardwalk once stood. The Ocean City Music Pier partially opened one year later, with work completed in time for the 1929 season.
In 1965, the Wonderland Amusement Park opened on the boardwalk at 6th Street, which is now known as "Gillian's Wonderland Pier". Runaway Train, a steel twister, is the only major coaster that operates there. Playland's Castaway Cove, is located on the boardwalk at 10th Street. Two major roller coasters operated there, which were the Python, a looping coaster, and the Flitzer, a wild mouse coaster. A new major shuttle coaster at Castaway Cove, Storm, was planned to be finished in summer 2013. The two older coasters (Python and Flitzer) were removed and for the 2016 summer season, a new ride called "GaleForce" is under construction, which will be a high thrill roller coaster with three linear synchronous motor launches reaching speeds of 64 miles per hour (103 km/h) and a 125-foot (38 m) beyond vertical drop. The new "Wild Waves" ride will be a family-oriented coaster, with a height of 50 feet (15 m), that will wrap around the GaleForce coaster. The new "Whirlwind" ride is a figure eight kiddie coaster with spinning cars.
There is also a water park located on the boardwalk called "OC Waterpark", open during the summer months.
In 2007 controversy emerged about the city's proposed use of ipê, a type of wood, to re-deck parts of the boardwalk. Environmental activists protested against the city's use of the wood, but the plan went ahead.
Today, there are bike and surrey rentals available along many boardwalk cross streets, but bikes and surreys can only be ridden on the boardwalk before noon during the summer. Attractions along the boardwalk include two family amusement parks with rides and games, an arcade, the Music Pier, a water park and various themed miniature golf courses. The Ocean City boardwalk has a wide variety of dining options, from sit-down restaurants to funnel cake.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 10.797 square miles (27.964 km2), including 6.333 square miles (16.402 km2) of land and 4.464 square miles (11.562 km2) of water (41.35%).
Ocean City is situated on a barrier island bordered by the Strathmere section of Upper Township to the south, the Marmora section of Upper Township to the west, and Somers Point and Egg Harbor Township across the Great Egg Harbor Bay to the north. The eastern side of Ocean City borders the Atlantic Ocean.
1890 1890-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,701 people, 5,890 households, and 3,086 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,847.7 per square mile (713.4/km2). There were 20,871 housing units at an average density of 3,295.7 per square mile (1,272.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.05% (10,771) White, 3.50% (410) Black or African American, 0.13% (15) Native American, 0.71% (83) Asian, 0.03% (3) Pacific Islander, 1.91% (224) from other races, and 1.67% (195) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.50% (643) of the population.
There were 5,890 households out of which 14.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 42.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 21.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.98 and the average family size was 2.68.
In the city, the population was spread out with 14.4% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 16.7% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 29.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.6 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 86.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,202 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,710) and the median family income was $79,196 (+/- $11,239). Males had a median income of $48,475 (+/- $5,919) versus $41,154 (+/- $12,032) for females. The per capita income for the city was $40,864 (+/- $3,899). About 5.1% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.3% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 15,378 people, 7,464 households, and 4,008 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,222.8 people per square mile (858.0/km2). There were 20,298 housing units at an average density of 2,934.0 per square mile (1,132.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.57% White, 4.31% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.99% of the population.
There were 7,464 households out of which 16.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.3% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02 and the average family size was 2.71.
In the city, the population was spread out with 16.4% under age 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 25.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 86.4 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 82.8 men.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,158, and the median income for a family was $61,731. Males had a median income of $42,224 versus $31,282 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,217. About 4.3% of families and 6.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
During the summer months, frequent episodes of high humidity occur. Occasionally, heat index values exceed 95 °F (35 °C). During most summer afternoons, a sea breeze dominates the coastline keeping high temperatures several degrees cooler compared to areas farther inland. During most nights, relatively mild ocean waters keep the coastline several degrees warmer than areas farther inland. On average, July is the annual peak for thunderstorm activity. During the winter months, wind chill values occasionally fall below 0 °F (-18 °C). On average, the snowiest month of the year is February which corresponds with the annual peak for nor'easter activity.
|Climate data for Ocean City Beach, New Jersey (1981 – 2010 averages).|
|Average high °F (°C)||41.3
|Average low °F (°C)||26.0
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||3.31
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||4.4
|Climate data for Atlantic City, New Jersey (Ocean Water Temperature).|
|Daily mean °F (°C)||37
|Source: NOAA |
The City of Ocean City was incorporated on March 25, 1897. Since July 1, 1978, the city has operated within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government. The mayor, the chief executive of the community, is chosen at-large for a four-year term at the municipal election in May and serves part-time for a yearly salary. The mayor neither presides over, nor has a vote on the council. The mayor has veto power over ordinances, but any veto can be overridden by a vote of two-thirds of the Council. The City council is the legislative body and has seven members. Four members represent individual wards and three are elected at-large. Each council person serves a staggered four-year term. The three at-large seat and the mayoral seat are up for election together, followed by the four ward seats which are voted upon two years later.
As of 2016[update], the mayor of Ocean City is Jay A. Gillian, whose term of office ends June 30, 2018. Members of the city council are Council President Keith Hartzell (2018; At Large), Council Vice President Peter Madden (2018; At Large), Karen A. Berman; At Large - elected to serve an unexpired term Michael DeVlieger (2020; First Ward), Robert S. Barr (2020; Fourth Ward), Antwan L. McClellan (2020; Second Ward) and Anthony P. Wilson (2016; Third Ward).
In September 2015, Councilman Michael Allegretto resigned from his seat expiring in December 2018 to take a position as the city's Director of Community Services. As the council could not reach agreement on a successor in the month following the resignation, the position will remain vacant until a successor is chosen in the May 2016 municipal election to serve the balance of the term of office.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Jeff Van Drew (D, Dennis Township) and in the General Assembly by Bob Andrzejczak (D, Middle Township) and R. Bruce Land (D, Vineland). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Cape May County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of five members, elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year; At an annual reorganization held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Director and another to serve as Vice-Director. As of 2017[update], Cape May County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Gerald M. Thornton (Middle Township, term ends December 31, 2019), Freeholder Vice-Director Leonard C. Desiderio (Sea Isle City, 2018), Jeffrey L. Pierson (Upper Township, 2017), E. Marie Hayes (Ocean City, 2019), and Will Morey (Wildwood Crest, 2017). The county's constitutional officers are Sheriff Gary Schafer (Middle Township, 2017), Surrogate M. Susan Sheppard (Ocean City, 2017), and County Clerk Rita Fulginiti (Ocean City, 2015).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 8,810 registered voters in Ocean City, of which 1,747 (19.8%) were registered as Democrats, 3,776 (42.9%) were registered as Republicans and 3,282 (37.3%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 58.1% of the vote (3,841 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 41.1% (2,721 votes), and other candidates with 0.8% (54 votes), among the 6,658 ballots cast by the city's 9,272 registered voters (42 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 71.8%. In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 56.0% of the vote (3,949 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama, who received 42.2% (2,982 votes), with 7,058 ballots cast among the city's 8,683 registered voters, for a turnout of 81.3%. In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 59.0% of the vote (4,431 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry, who received 39.2% (2,945 votes), with 7,516 ballots cast among the city's 10,310 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 72.9.
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 75.7% of the vote (3,436 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 22.9% (1,038 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (62 votes), among the 4,638 ballots cast by the city's 8,926 registered voters (102 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 52.0%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 58.2% of the vote (2,894 ballots cast), ahead of both Democrat Jon Corzine with 34.3% (1,707 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 6.1% (306 votes), with 4,976 ballots cast among the city's 9,008 registered voters, yielding a 55.2% turnout.
The Ocean City School District serves public school students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2014-15 school year, the district and its three schools had an enrollment of 1,390 students and 190.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 7.3:1. Schools in the district (with 2014-15 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Ocean City Primary School (K-3; 384 students), Ocean City Intermediate School (4-8; 507 students) and Ocean City High School (9-12; 1,262 students).
Students from Corbin City, Sea Isle City and Upper Township attend Ocean City High School for ninth through twelfth grades as part of sending/receiving relationships with their respective school districts.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 126.07 miles (202.89 km) of roadways, of which 114.85 miles (184.83 km) were maintained by the municipality, 9.31 miles (14.98 km) by Cape May County and 1.91 miles (3.07 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation. Ocean City has bridge connections to the Marmora section of Upper Township by the 34th Street (Roosevelt Boulevard) Bridge, Egg Harbor Township by the Ocean City-Longport Bridge, Somers Point by the 9th Street Bridge (Route 52), and the Strathmere section of Upper Township by the Corson's Inlet Bridge.
NJ Transit provides bus service from the Ocean City Transportation Center to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 319 route and to Atlantic City on the 507 and 509 routes.
Ocean City formerly had passenger rail service at the Tenth Street Station (now the Ocean City Transportation Center) and the 34th Street Station. Rail service was originally provided by the Ocean City Railroad, which built the 34th Street Station in 1885 and the Tenth Street Station in 1898. The Ocean City Railroad was acquired by the Atlantic City Railroad in 1901, and later by the Pennsylvania-Reading Seashore Lines. Trains last served Ocean City in August 1981, when service was cancelled due to poor track conditions and limited funding from the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Media publications in Ocean City include its two newspapers, The Ocean City Sentinel and The Gazette. Ocean City also has a seasonal publication, The Ocean City Sure Guide, and a lifestyle magazine known as Ocean City Magazine.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Ocean City include:
- Marla Adams (born 1938), television actress, best known for her roles on The Secret Storm and The Young and the Restless.
- David Akers (born 1974), NFL kicker, owns a house on the beach at the south end of the island.
- A. R. Ammons (1926–2001), author and poet, winner of the National Book Award.
- Keith Andes (1920-2005), film, radio, musical theatre, stage and television actor.
- Andy Boswell (1873-1936), Major League Baseball pitcher for the Washington Senators and New York Giants, who became an attorney and served in the New Jersey General Assembly.
- Maurice Catarcio (1929–2005), former professional wrestler with the World Wrestling Federation and record holder in The Guinness Book of World Records.
- Bobby Clarke (born 1949), played 15 seasons with National Hockey League's Philadelphia Flyers and led them to two Stanley Cups, was awarded the Hart Trophy as league MVP three times.
- Pat Croce (born 1954), former owner of the Philadelphia 76ers, owns a summer home in the Gardens section of the city.
- Walter Diemer (1904–1998), inventor of bubble gum, owned a summer home at 21st Street and Wesley Avenue.
- Josiah E. DuBois, Jr (1913–1983), Treasury Department official who played a major role in exposing State Department obstruction of efforts to provide American visa to Jews trying to escape Nazi Europe, summered in the home his father built, the DuBois estate, on Battersea Road in the Gardens. Despite efforts to preserve the home, it was demolished in May 2011 to make for subdivision of the property.
- Stephen Dunn (born 1939), poet.
- Frank J. Esposito (born 1941), historian who was named by independent candidate Christopher Daggett as his ticket's candidate for Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey in 2009.
- Stephanie Gaitley (born 1960), head women's basketball coach at Fordham University.
- Andrew Golota (born 1968), boxer.
- Anne Heche (born 1969), actress, star of films such as Volcano and Psycho; moved to Ocean City at age 12
- Daniel J. Hilferty (born c. 1957), President and CEO of Independence Blue Cross.
- William J. Hughes (born 1932), member of U.S. House of Representatives from 1975 to 1995, representing New Jersey's 2nd congressional district.
- Grace Kelly (1929–1982), Academy Award-winning actress, and Princess of Monaco, was a summer resident of Ocean City at a house located at the intersection of 26th street and Wesley Avenue.
- Kurt Loder (born 1945), former editor of Rolling Stone magazine and anchor for MTV News.
- Michael Lombardi (born 1959), pro football executive, former General Manager of the Cleveland Browns.
- Ed Rendell (born 1944), former Governor of Pennsylvania.
- Thomas J. Shusted (1926-2004), attorney and politician who served in the New Jersey General Assembly on two separate occasions, representing Legislative District 3D from 1970 to 1972 and the 6th Legislative District from 1978 to 1991.
- James Stewart (1908–1997), actor, spent summers at his family's vacation home during his childhood.
- Gay Talese (born 1932), author, grew up in the "Italian" section of the city and vacations there with his wife.
- Walter Trout (born 1951), blues musician.
- The Flanders Hotel
- Ocean City 34th Street Station (demolished)
- Ocean City City Hall
- Ocean City Residential Historic District
- Ocean City Tenth Street Station
|Tuckahoe (Upper Township)||Atlantic Ocean|
|Beesley's Point (Upper Township)||Strathmere (Upper Township)||Atlantic Ocean|
- Home page, Ocean City. Accessed January 19, 2012.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Mayor, City of Ocean City. Accessed July 1, 2016.
- 2017 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 30, 2017.
- Business Administrator, Ocean City. Accessed July 1, 2016.
- Avedissian, Eric. "Reaction focuses on new options for West Avenue bicycle paths", Ocean City Sentinel, May 25, 2011. Accessed April 7, 2015.
- City Clerk, Ocean City. Accessed July 1, 2016.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 8.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Ocean City, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Ocean City city, Cape May County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 16, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 1. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Ocean City city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 16, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 - 2016 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2017.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 6, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Ocean City, NJ, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 6, 2011.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Ocean City, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 8, 2014.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 18, 2012.
- Lawlor, Julia. "Weekender | Ocean City, N.J.", The New York Times, May 7, 2004. Accessed January 17, 2012. "POPULATION -- 15,378 year-round; about 115,000 in summer"
- Miller, Michael. "Ocean City Seeks New Ways to Surf at Beach", The Press of Atlantic City, February 9, 2007. Accessed January 17, 2012. "Ocean City, with a year-round population of 15,500, swells to more than 130,000 in the summer."
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 115. Accessed January 17, 2012.
- Honeyman, Abraham Van Doren. Index-analysis of the Statutes of New Jersey, 1896-1909: Together with References to All Acts, and Parts of Acts, in the 'General Statutes' and Pamphlet Laws Expressly Repealed: and the Statutory Crimes of New Jersey During the Same Period, p. 209. New Jersey Law Journal Publishing Company, 1910. Accessed September 12, 2015.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 13, 2015.
- Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States, p. 228. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed September 13, 2015.
- New Jersey Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control. New Jersey ABC list of dry towns (May 1, 2013)
- Giordano, Rita. "More towns catching liquor-license buzz; Moorestown considers ending its dry spell", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 24, 2007. Accessed February 16, 2014.
- Genovese, Peter. "Down the Shore 2011: South Jersey", Inside Jersey / The Star-Ledger, May 2011. Accessed January 19, 2012. "For those who swear by Seaside, Ocean City's boardwalk will come as a shock. No boardwalk is better, or more relentlessly maintained; cups, straws and fast-food wrappers are quickly snatched up by cleanup crews.If you're looking for a good time in 'America's Greatest Family Resort,' it'll have to be alcohol-free. Ocean City is a dry town, which means no liquor stores and no bringing wine or beer to a restaurant."
- Best Family Beach of 2005, Travel Channel, March 2005.
- Urgo, Jacqueline L. "Sandy laurels for South JerseySeven of the Top 10 N.J. beaches are in Cape May County", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 23, 2008. Accessed September 13, 2015. "Neighboring Wildwood Crest came in second, followed by Ocean City, North Wildwood, Cape May, Asbury Park in Monmouth County, Avalon, Point Pleasant Beach in northern Ocean County, Beach Haven in southern Ocean County and Stone Harbor."
- Spoto, MaryAnn. "Ocean City wins No. 1 beach in New Jersey for '09", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 19, 2009. Accessed September 13, 2015. "The town is dry and charges beach fees, but Ocean City had enough quaint charm to knock its rowdier neighbor Wildwood out of the top spot of best beach in the state this year."
- Ocean City Beaches, Ocean City, New Jersey. Accessed September 24, 2007.
- 2015 Beach Fees, Ocean City, New Jersey. Accessed September 13, 2015.
- Staff. "OCEAN CITY'S BIRTHDAY / THE PERFECT GIFT", The Press of Atlantic City, September 10, 2009. Accessed January 19, 2012.
- History of Ocean City, OceanCityVacation.com. Accessed April 7, 2015.
- Ocean City Tabernacle History, Ocean City Tabernacle. Accessed September 16, 2008.
- History, Ocean City Tabernacle. Accessed June 22, 2017.
- History of Ocean City, Ocean City Chamber of Commerce. Accessed September 13, 2015. "Part of the original four's wish, that Ocean City remain a pure retreat that exemplified the Christian mindset, still remains today as strong as the cedar tree they first met under. Historically, Ocean City is a dry town—there is no public drinking anywhere on the island."
- The Sindia: The Mystery Continues, The Sindia. Accessed June 4, 2007.
- Johnston, David. "In Ocean City, The Expensive Legacy Of A Fire", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 12, 1991. Accessed September 13, 2015. "The popular Music Pier needs those renovations because of the city fathers' action after the 1927 inferno. They used the fire as an excuse to move the boardwalk much closer to the ocean. That, in turn, led the Music Pier to be built over the water - making it much more susceptible to the damaging effects of saltwater."
- Bergen, Douglas. "The Myth of Ocean City's Five-Mile Boardwalk; The legendary 2.5-mile Boardwalk is really only 2.45 miles long.", Ocean City Patch, January 8, 2012. Accessed September 13, 2015. "It's common knowledge and a well-advertised fact that the legendary Ocean City Boardwalk is 2.5 miles long—and to anybody but a runner and a mathematician interested in multiple decimal places, it is. But the reality is that the 2.5 miles is rounded up from 2.45."
- Bruno, Karen. "Great October fire of 1927 destroyed the Boardwalk", copy of article from Ocean City Sentinel at the Ocean County Library, October 7, 2004. Accessed January 19, 2012.
- Pritchard, Michael. "Ocean City's Music Pier: A Giant Among Piers; Ocean City's Music Pier is the center of the city's Boardwalk and the home of summer concerts.", Atlantic City Weekly, July 6, 2011. Accessed September 13, 2015. "'The pier was built in 1928, but it really wasn't ready for the summer that year, so it opened in the summer of 1929,' says Fred Miller, Ocean City historian and the author of seven books on the city's history. 'It was built after the great fire of 1927 that destroyed the Boardwalk. But there actually had been a music pavilion there since 1905. It did survive the fire, but they moved it and built the pier.'"
- "Want to know more about the Gillian's? The History of the Gillian family", Sea Isle City. Accessed September 13, 2015.
- Bellano, Anthony. "125-Foot Roller Coaster Coming to Ocean City; GaleForce is set to open next year at Playland's Castaway Cove.", Ocean City Patch, August 5, 2015. Accessed September 13, 2015. "A 125-foot roller coaster is coming to Playland's Castaway Cove in Ocean City next year. Nicknamed 'Galeforce,' the roller coaster will feature a 64 mph launch and a drop of beyond 90 degrees.... GaleForce and another roller coaster to be named soon will replace Playland's looping Python and Flitzer at 10th Street, according to the Ocean City Gazette."
- Staff. "Construction Progresses on New Roller Coasters at Castaway Cove", OCNJ Daily, May 14, 2016. Accessed July 21, 2016.
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- About Ocean City Nor'easters, USL Premier Development League. Accessed October 17, 2012. "The Ocean City Nor'easters have taken a huge step forward in their attempts to improve the quality of the soccer product being played at Carey Stadium in the summer as they are now being operated by a nonprofit corporation, Ocean City Nor'easters Soccer, Inc."
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- Lowe, Claire. "Ocean City Council will not fill vacant seat", Ocean City Gazette, September 29, 2015. Accessed September 30, 2015. "The seat left vacant after the resignation of Councilman Michael Allegretto two weeks ago will not be filled this year, council decided.Council President Keith Hartzell said Tuesday, Sept. 29 that three council members had to support filling the position by Monday's agenda meeting and that did not happen.... Allegretto, who was council vice president, officially resigned on Sept. 14 to take the position of city director of community services. He was one year into his third, four-year term on council.... Whoever is elected in May will be sworn in at the next consecutive council meeting to serve the remainder of Allegretto's term, which expires in 2018."
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- District information for Ocean City School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
- School Data for the Ocean City School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed December 7, 2016.
- Ocean City Primary School, Ocean City School District. Accessed January 10, 2017.
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- Ocean City High School, Ocean City School District. Accessed January 10, 2017.
- Schools, Ocean City School District. Accessed January 10, 2017.
- New Jersey School Directory for Ocean City School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
- Ocean City High School 2015 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 31, 2016. "Ocean City High School is a comprehensive high school serving the communities of Ocean City, Upper Township, Sea Isle City, and Corbin City, with an enrollment of over 1,250 students."
- Rudloff, Mary. "Audit: Ocean City school district owes Upper Township $815,000 - Township, Corbin City overpaid tuition for sending students to OCHS", Ocean City Sentinel, February 16, 2011. Accessed December 6, 2011. "At the Jan. 26 Ocean City Board of Education meeting, school Business Administrator Tom Grossi said the Upper Township and Corbin City school districts would be receiving sizable credits in the coming school budget, $815,324 and $54,669, respectively. Those adjustments come from the cost of educating their high school students in Ocean City. Sea Isle City, which sends its fourth graders through high school students to Ocean City, did not fare as well. The already financially tapped out district owes Ocean City an additional $69,992 for the 2009-10 school year."
- Campbell, Al. "St. Augustine School, Ocean City, to Close Next June", Cape May County Herald, November 29, 2007. Accessed October 17, 2012. " Emphasizing the need to strengthen and revitalize Catholic school education in South Jersey, Most Rev. Joseph A. Galante, Bishop of Camden, on Nov. 29 announced a reconfiguration of schools in nine clusters representing 35 elementary schools in the diocese. St. Augustine, Ocean City, which has 112 students currently enrolled, will close in June, 2008."
- Cape May County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Cape May County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed December 2, 2014.
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- About Us, Ocean City Sentinel. Accessed September 29, 2015. "Founded in 1879 the Ocean City Sentinel is the oldest business in Ocean City, NJ, 'America's Greatest Family Resort.' The Ocean City Sentinel's history dates back to 1880 and the newspaper has been published continually since 1881."
- Home Page, Ocean City magazine. Accessed September 29, 2015.
- "Marla Adams", The New York Times. Accessed September 13, 2015.
- "NFL/ Eagles Camp '70", The Press of Atlantic City, August 4, 2007. Accessed August 5, 2007 "Punter Sav Rocca went home to his native Australia for a few weeks and spent some time in Ocean City with place-kicker David Akers, who owns a home there."
- Strauss, Robert. "Big-name hunting season at the Shore; Celebrities roam even these simpler environs.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, May 15, 2009. Accessed September 13, 2015. "Eagles kicker David Akers has a house on the south end of the island and, at various times, former boxing champ Mike Tyson, Flyers captain and executive Bobby Clarke, and Eagles running back Brian Westbrook have been reported to own or rent in Ocean City."
- Miller, Michael. "Pulitzer Prize poet will read works in O.C.", The Press of Atlantic City, June 22, 2007. Accessed September 13, 2015. "The late poet A.R. Ammons, formerly of Ocean City, Northfield and Millville, won the prestigious National Book Award."
- via Associated Press. "Andes, leading man to Marilyn Monroe, dies at 85", USA Today, November 27, 2005. Accessed September 13, 2015. "Born John Charles Andes on July 12, 1920, in Ocean City, N.J., he was appearing on the radio by age 12."
- Staff. "ANDREW C. BOSWELL; Solicitor of Ocean City 26 Years Served in New Jersey Assembly", The New York Times, February 4, 1936. Accessed August 11, 2016.
- "Catarcio, Maurice A.". Northeast Obits. Retrieved January 25, 2009.
- Donahue, Bill. "Standing Pat", South Jersey Magazine, February 2011. Accessed September 13, 2015. "Pat Croce—karate champion, former Philadelphia 76ers president, motivational icon and our region's most famous hard body—can still outrun you at age 56. We find out what drives this part-time Ocean City resident to succeed."
- Yates, Melissa. Pennsylvania People: Walter E. Diemer, Central Bucks School District. Accessed May 31, 2011.
- Staff. "End of an era as DuBois estate falls", Shore News Today, May 24, 2011. Accessed May 31, 2011.
- Strauss, Robert. "Ode to Joi(sey)", The New York Times, April 27, 2003. Accessed October 9, 2007. "Mr. Dunn, who used to live in Port Republic, a remote town in the interior of South Jersey, now divides his time between Ocean City and his wife's hometown, Frostburg, Md."
- Staff. "2009 Voter Guide / Governor's Race / Daggett travels long, lonely road", The Press of Atlantic City, November 1, 2009. Accessed March 28, 2011. "Daggett and his lieutenant governor running mate, Frank Esposito, who grew up in Ocean City, are the only candidates with local ties."
- Staff. "GAITLEY COMES HOME TO COACH ST. JOE'S", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 20, 1991. Accessed March 28, 2011. "She grew up in Ocean City, N.J., played for a 1981 AIAW Final Four team at Villanova and served as an assistant coach at St. Joe's for three years..."
- Heinzmann, David. "Andrew Golota charged with impersonating a cop.", Chicago Tribune, February 5, 2002. Accessed July 12, 2008. "Golota, who gave Ocean City, N.J., as his address, then acknowledged that the badge was honorary and given to him in recognition of charity work he had done, Boggs said."
- "Anne Heche Discusses Her New Book, 'Call Me Crazy'", Larry King Live, April 6, 2001. Accessed September 13, 2015. "KING: What city were you in then? HECHE: New Jersey. We lived in Ocean City, New Jersey right down the shore from Atlantic City at that point."
- Staff reports. "St. Augustine Prep honors Dan Hilferty with Mendel Medal", Ocean City Gazette, November 24, 2014. Accessed December 1, 2014. "Ocean City native, and 1974 graduate of St. Augustine Prep, Daniel J. Hilferty received the 2014 Gregor Mendel Medal at dinner held in his honor at the Union League of Philadelphia on Nov. 13."
- "Biography of Ambassador William J. Hughes", Stockton University William J. Hughes Center for Public Policy. Accessed September 13, 2015. "The Center is named in honor of U.S. Ambassador William J. Hughes. A native of southern New Jersey, Ambassador Hughes and his wife, Nancy, live in Ocean City, NJ."
- Princess Grace Exhibit, Ocean City Historical Museum Press Release dated July 12, 2005. "John Kelly, Grace's father, and family were famous summer residents of Ocean City. Grace spent many summers on the Ocean City beach before becoming Hollywood movie star."
- Jackson, Vincent. "LOCAL BOYS MAKES NEWS / MTV NEWS ANSHORMAN KURT LODER ONCE CALLED OCEAN CITY HIS HOME", The Press of Atlantic City, August 23, 1998. Accessed May 31, 2011. "There's virtually no living influential pop musician Loder didn't interview during his 20 years with the nation's premiere chronicles of pop culture. And his interest in music was cultivated during his years living in Ocean City from age 3 to 18."
- "Lombardi named VP of Player Personnel", Cleveland Browns, January 18, 2013. Accessed May 18, 2013. "A native of Ocean City, New Jersey, Lombardi lettered in both football and baseball at Valley Forge Military Academy in Wayne, Pennsylvania."
- Sugarman, Joe. The Other Ocean City, Baltimore Style, July/August 2003. Accessed May 2, 2007. "First of all, Ocean City, N.J., is dry, as in, NO ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES ALLOWED. Not on the beach. Not at restaurants.... Now there's Cousin's, an excellent Italian eatery where Pennsylvania Gov. Ed Rendell often dines (he owns a house in town)."
- Staff. Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey; 1988 Edition, p. 244. J.A. Fitzgerald, 1988. Accessed October 25, 2016. "Assemblyman Shusted was born Aug. 3, 1926, in Ocean City. He attended Camden Catholic High School, LaSalle University, and Rutgers Law School. He was admitted to the bar in 1954."
- Ocean City, N.J.: This family-oriented resort thrives on its virtuous origins., The Baltimore Sun, accessed December 17, 2006. "In his best-selling book, Unto the Sons, Ocean City native and journalist Gay Talese provides a vivid account of growing up on Marconi Street, the stretch of Simpson Street between 9th and 12th streets that, in the early 1900s, was Ocean City's Little Italy.
- Chun, Gary C. W. "Canned Heat veteran courts guitar stardom", Honolulu Star-Bulletin, February 1, 2002. Accessed June 4, 2007. "TROUT GREW UP on the island of Ocean City, off the Jersey shore."
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ocean City, New Jersey.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Ocean City, New Jersey.|
- Official website
- Ocean City Chamber of Commerce
- Ocean City Tourism Commission
- Ocean City on VisitNJShore - Guide to the Jersey Shore
- Ocean City School District
- Ocean City School District's 2015–16 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- School Data for the Ocean City School District, National Center for Education Statistics
- The Ocean City POPS
- A View From Macaroni Street - The Italian-American Experience in Ocean City, New Jersey
- The Boardwalk Benches of Ocean City, NJ
- The Sindia
- The Ocean City Gazette
- The SandPaper
- Around Our Town with Cathy Finnegan
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