Ochiltree County, Texas

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Ochiltree County
1928 Ochiltree County Courthouse in Perryton
1928 Ochiltree County Courthouse in Perryton
Flag
Map of Texas highlighting Ochiltree County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°17′N 100°49′W / 36.28°N 100.81°W / 36.28; -100.81
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1889
Named forW. B. Ochiltree
SeatPerryton
Largest cityPerryton
Area
 • Total918 sq mi (2,380 km2)
 • Land918 sq mi (2,380 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1 km2)  0.06%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total10,223
 • Density11/sq mi (4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district13th
Websitewww.co.ochiltree.tx.us
The Ochiltree County Courthouse contains the inscription on one side, "Dedicated to the Purpose of Justice to All Mankind." Click to read.
Cattle grazing in Ochiltree County south of Perryton off U.S. Highway 83

Ochiltree County (/ˈɒkəlˌtr/ OK-əl-tree)[1] is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,223.[2] The county seat is Perryton.[3] The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1889.[4][5] and is named for William Beck Ochiltree, who was an attorney general of the Republic of Texas. It was previously one of 30[6] prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 918 sq mi (2,380 km2), almost allof which are land and 0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2) (0.06%) is covered by water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890198
190026734.8%
19101,602500.0%
19202,33145.5%
19305,224124.1%
19404,213−19.4%
19506,02443.0%
19609,38055.7%
19709,7043.5%
19809,588−1.2%
19909,128−4.8%
20009,006−1.3%
201010,22313.5%
2019 (est.)9,836[8]−3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1850–2010[10] 2010–2014[2]

As of the census[11] of 2000, 9,006 people, 3,261 households, and 2,488 families were residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km2). The 3,769 housing units averaged 4 per square mile (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.2% White, 0.13% African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 10.29% from other races, and 2.04% from two or more races. About 13.79% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. In terms of ancestry, 11.3% were of German, 10.3% were of Irish, 6.3% were of English, 5.4% were of American, and 1.5% were of Dutch, 1.5% were of Polish.

Of the 3,261 households, 40.9% had children under the age of 18, 64% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were not families. About 21% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74, and the average family size was 3.18.

In the county, the population distribution was 30.6% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

The median income for a household was $38,013, and for a family was $45,565. Males had a median income of $31,558 versus $19,890. The per capita income for the county was $16,707. About 13% of the population and 9.8% of families were below the poverty line; 17.9% of those under the age of 18 and 8.7% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Those making less than $25,000 per year comprised 32.2% of the population, while 1.9% made more than $150,000, according to the 2000 census. Around 17.5% of the population made less than $15,000 per year, while 6.06% made more than $100,000.

Politics[edit]

Since the 1950s, Ochiltree has been an overwhelmingly Republican county. The last Democrat to carry the county was Harry S. Truman in 1948; Truman won 73.06% of the county's vote, more than twice the percentage any Democratic candidate has won in the subsequent 17 presidential elections. Even Texan Lyndon Johnson did not reach 35% in his 1964 landslide, when Ochiltree was easily Goldwater’s strongest Texas county. Indeed, Jimmy Carter in 1976 was the last Democrat to win 20% of the county’s vote, and the last to reach so much as 10% was Bill Clinton in 1996.

In 2004 in Ochiltree County, 91.5% of voters (2,922) voted for George W. Bush, while 8% (251 people) voted for John Kerry. Two people voted for Michael Badnarik (Libertarian). This is tied for the second-highest percentage of votes Bush received for any county in the US (in both 2000 and 2004), and it is the highest percentage during the 2004 election, (only Glasscock County, Texas, at 93.1%, had a higher percentage in the 2000 Presidential election).

In 2008, 91.7% of voters supported Senator John McCain, whereas only 7.8% of voters supported Senator Barack Obama. Presidential elections indicate strong support for the Republican party.[12] It lost the title of most Republican county in the United States to King County, Texas.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 89.1% 2,812 9.6% 302 1.3% 42
2016 87.5% 2,628 9.1% 274 3.3% 100
2012 90.9% 2,719 8.5% 253 0.7% 21
2008 91.7% 2,851 7.8% 243 0.5% 15
2004 92.0% 2,922 7.9% 251 0.1% 4
2000 90.7% 2,687 8.5% 251 0.8% 24
1996 79.2% 2,448 15.1% 467 5.7% 176
1992 68.1% 2,419 15.7% 557 16.3% 578
1988 83.3% 2,928 16.5% 579 0.3% 10
1984 89.2% 3,492 10.7% 419 0.2% 6
1980 81.9% 3,032 16.1% 594 2.1% 76
1976 68.9% 2,471 30.2% 1,084 0.9% 32
1972 89.4% 2,861 9.3% 298 1.3% 43
1968 70.5% 2,208 13.8% 432 15.7% 492
1964 66.3% 1,814 33.6% 920 0.1% 3
1960 78.1% 1,870 21.8% 521 0.1% 3
1956 69.5% 1,209 29.4% 512 1.1% 19
1952 80.4% 1,755 19.5% 426 0.1% 2
1948 24.5% 344 73.1% 1,025 2.4% 34
1944 23.5% 307 65.9% 863 10.6% 139
1940 19.5% 294 80.5% 1,213
1936 8.6% 109 88.0% 1,111 3.3% 42
1932 14.2% 183 85.0% 1,097 0.9% 11
1928 67.3% 556 32.7% 270
1924 27.6% 155 62.6% 352 9.8% 55
1920 32.5% 135 67.5% 280
1916 14.3% 41 82.9% 238 2.8% 8
1912 0.0% 0 83.8% 93 16.2% 18

Education[edit]

Of the population aged 25 and older (5,441 people), 14.6% did not have a high-school diploma, while 12.9% statewide are without a high-school diploma. About 27% of the county claimed that a high-school diploma was their highest level of educational attainment, compared with 24.8% statewide; 16.1% had a bachelor's degree or higher, compared with 23.2% statewide.

The Allen campus of Frank Phillips College is located in Perryton.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Ochiltree County is the setting for the Hank the Cowdog series of children's books, in the unincorporated city of Twitchell.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.texastripper.com/pronounce/locations-o.html
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
  5. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer. p. 1364
  6. ^ http://www.tabc.state.tx.us/local_option_elections/index.asp
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  10. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. ^ "America's Decision - Election Tracking Map". Fox News. Retrieved 2008-11-07.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-28.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°17′N 100°49′W / 36.28°N 100.81°W / 36.28; -100.81