The ochipok (Ukrainian: очіпок, also намітка, namitka; перемітка, peremitka; серпанок, serpanok; рантух, rantukh; склендячка, sklendyachka; хустка, khustka, Russian: повойник) is a married woman's headdress as part of traditional Ukrainian folk dress, often decorated with Ukrainian embroidery. It is a cap that covers the entire head with a slit in the back and laces that pull it tightly around the head.
They were mainly worn by women in the middle Dnieper River region, including the Left-Bank and steppe areas, however the ochipok was also used in other regions of Ukraine. It is thought to have originated during the Hetmanate period. The specific characteristics of the ochipok varied from region to region.
Namitka is a long, thin fabric wrapped around the head and tied in the back. It was the original Slavic head covering for men and women, and could be used to cover the face. Eventually, it gave rise to the Russian kokoshnik. The ends of the fabric are embroidered, usually with red thread.
During the Ukrainian wedding ceremony, the bride's hair was covered by an ochipok and namitka. She would wear the ochipok for the rest of her life with various types of headgear on top of it.
Bavnytsia is an embroidered ring of cloth fitted around the head, open at the top, with a ring of fringe or gathers stitched to the top edge. It was covered with a namitka or a kerchief. Bavnytsia was traditional dress in Galicia.
Ochipok and kerchief from Lviv
Namitka from Rivne
Caul and kerchief
Peremitka Hutsul style
- Natalya Poklad. Ukrainian National Costume As a Witness of the Past Welcome to Ukraine magazine
- "Dress" at the Encyclopedia of Ukraine
- "Традиційні головні убори подільських українців та їх роль у весільній обрядовості" at the Vinnytsia ethnographic museum (in Ukrainian)
- Ukrainian Folk Clothing