Ochlerotatus

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Ochlerotatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Culicidae
Subfamily: Culicinae
Genus: Ochlerotatus

Ochlerotatus is a genus of mosquito. It used to be a subgenus of Aedes, but in 2000, they became two separate genera.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Ochlerotatus had been originally established as a genus in 1891,[2] It became an aedine subgenus,[when?] but in 2000 it was restored to its original status as a genus, and many species and subgenera of Aedes mosquitoes were transferred to it based on taxonomic characters.[3] After a contentious worldwide debate regarding the effect the taxonomic changes would have on names established over decades of work in scientific, government and lay communities,[4][5][6] many scientists and others affected by the change espoused the continued use of the previously established names,[7][8] As of 2016 the previously established names are supported by and accepted for publication in many scientific journals.[9]

Species[edit]

As of July 2016, Ochlerotatus has the following species:[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. F. Reinert, R. E. Harbach & I. A. Kitching (2004). "Phylogeny and classification of Aedini (Diptera: Culicidae), based on morphological characters of all life stages". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 142 (3): 289–368. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00144.x. 
  2. ^ Félix Lynch Arribálzaga. 1891. Dipterologia Argentina, Culicidae. Revista del Museo de la Plata, i: 345–377; p. 374.
  3. ^ Reinert JF (2000). "New classification for the composite genus Aedes (Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini), elevation of subgenus Ochlerotatus to generic rank, reclassification of the other subgenera, and notes on certain subgenera and species". Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 16 (3): 175–88. PMID 11081644. 
  4. ^ José G. B. Derraik. 2007. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in New Zealand: reverting to the traditional Aedes nomenclature. The Weta 34: 17-23; http://www.ento.org.nz/nzentomologist/free_issues/Weta34_1_2007/Weta34_1_17-23.pdf.
  5. ^ Black WC (2004). "Learning to use Ochlerotatus is just the beginning". Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 20 (2): 215–6. PMID 15264636. 
  6. ^ Reinert, John F.; Harbach, Ralph E.; Kitching, Ian J. (2004). "Phylogeny and classification of Aedini (Diptera: Culicidae), based on morphological characters of all life stages". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 142 (3): 289–368. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00144.x. 
  7. ^ Savage HM, Strickman D (2004). "The genus and subgenus categories within Culicidae and placement of Ochlerotatus as a subgenus of Aedes". Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 20 (2): 208–14. PMID 15264635. 
  8. ^ Liu, Zhong-Jian; Wilkerson, Richard C.; Linton, Yvonne-Marie; Fonseca, Dina M.; Schultz, Ted R.; Price, Dana C.; Strickman, Daniel A. (2015). "Making Mosquito Taxonomy Useful: A Stable Classification of Tribe Aedini that Balances Utility with Current Knowledge of Evolutionary Relationships". PLOS ONE. 10 (7): e0133602. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0133602. PMC 4520491free to read. PMID 26226613. 
  9. ^ Entomological Society of America: Journal of Medical Entomology Policy on Names of Aedine Mosquito Genera and Subgenera, http://www.entsoc.org/Pubs/Periodicals/JME/mosquito_name_policy.
  10. ^ Harbach, Ralph (nd). "Valid Species List" (PDF). Mosquito Taxonomic Inventory. selfpublished. Retrieved 16 August 2016.