Ochteridae

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Velvety shore bugs
Ochterid (9055881241).jpg
Ochterus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hemiptera
Superfamily: Ochteroidea
Family: Ochteridae
Kirkaldy, 1906
Ochterus marginatus

The Ochteridae comprise a small family of insects. Eight genera with about 80 species have been described.[1] They occur worldwide along the shore of various types of water (for example, streams and ponds) and the greatest diversity is in tropical regions.[2] They are "true bugs", being members of the order Hemiptera, and are in the suborder Heteroptera. Ochteridae commonly are known as the velvety shore bugs.[3] They resemble the Saldidae shore bugs and have lengths ranging from 4.5 to 9 mm (0.18–0.35 in).[2]

Most of the Ochteridae inhabit the edges of ponds and other still waters. Little is known of their habits, but all are believed to be predatory on small invertebrates, such as larvae of flies. They tend to be lively and capable of active leaping and flight.[4]

The immature instars of some species camouflage themselves extremely effectively by gluing sand grains and similar particles to their backs, and so do the adults of a few species.[5] They are not conspicuous and most species are physically small and occur patchily and in small numbers; these factors make them difficult to study and partly explain why there is a poverty of detailed knowledge of the biology of most species.[citation needed]

Genera[edit]

These eight genera belong to the family Ochteridae:

Data sources: i = ITIS,[6] c = Catalogue of Life,[7] g = GBIF,[1] b = Bugguide.net[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ochteridae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-05-06. 
  2. ^ a b Randall T. Schuh; James Alexander Slater (1996). True Bugs of the World (Hemiptera:Heteroptera): Classification and Natural History (2 ed.). Cornell University Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-0801420665. 
  3. ^ Alan Weaving; Mike Picker; Griffiths, Charles Llewellyn (2003). Field Guide to Insects of South Africa. New Holland Publishers, Ltd. ISBN 1-86872-713-0. 
  4. ^ Richards, O. W.; Davies, R.G. (1977). Imms' General Textbook of Entomology: Volume 1: Structure, Physiology and Development Volume 2: Classification and Biology. Berlin: Springer. ISBN 0-412-61390-5. 
  5. ^ Holm, E., Scholtz, C. H. (1985). Insects of southern Africa. London: Butterworths. ISBN 0-409-10487-6. 
  6. ^ "Ochteridae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-05-06. 
  7. ^ "Browse Ochteridae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-05-06. 
  8. ^ "Ochteridae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-06.