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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Leptonetoidea
Family: Ochyroceratidae
Fage, 1912

see text

14 genera, 154 species

Ochyroceratidae is a six-eyed spider family in the Leptonetoidea superfamily, with 154 described species in 14 genera.

Ochyroceratids are common inhabitants of the tropical forest litter and caves in South Africa, the Caribbean and Asia, especially species rich in the Indo-Pacific, where they constitute one of the ecological counterparts of the Linyphiidae of the northern temperate zone.[1]

They build small, irregular sheet-webs in dark, damp places around leaves, sticks and logs, and typically carry their eggs in their chelicerae until they hatch. Their body length ranges from 0.6 to 3 millimeters. Some species in the subfamily Psilodercinae (Althepus, Leclercera) with very long legs are superficially similar to Pholcidae.[1]

At least one species in the genus Theotima (the only 0.9mm long T. minutissima) was shown to be parthenogenetic.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Tong & Li 2007


  • The World Spider Catalog, V8.0
  • Edwards, G.B. (2003): Observations of Theotima minutissimus (Araneae, Ochyroceratidae), a parthenogenetic spider. The Journal of Arachnology 31: 274-277. PDF
  • Baptista, R.L.C. (2003): Speocera eleonorae sp. n., the first troglomorphic spider from Brazilian caves (Araneae: Ochyroceratidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 7: 221-224. PDF
  • Tong, Yangfeng & Li, Shuqiang (2007): First records of the family Ochyroceratidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from China, with descriptions of a new genus and eight new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55(1): 63-76. PDF

External links[edit]