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Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Ochyroceratidae
Fage, 1912[1]

See text

10 genera

Ochyroceratidae is a six-eyed spider family, with 163 described species in 10 genera. They are common inhabitants of caves and the tropical forest litter of South Africa, the Caribbean and Asia. Considered an ecological counterpart of the Linyphiidae of the northern temperate zone,[2] species are especially diverse in the Indo-Pacific region.

These spiders build small, irregular sheet-webs in dark, damp places and typically carry eggs in their chelicerae until they hatch. Body length can range from 0.6 to 3.0 millimeters, and some species with very long legs (Althepus, Leclercera) are superficially similar to members of Pholcidae.[2] Differences between males and females are still relatively unknown, but at least one species in the genus Theotima (T. minutissima) was shown to be parthenogenetic.[3]


As of March 2019, the World Spider Catalog accepted the following genera:[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Family: Ochyroceratidae Fage, 1912". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2019-03-02.
  2. ^ a b Tong, Yangfeng; Li, Shuqiang (2007). "First records of the family Ochyroceratidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from China, with descriptions of a new genus and eight new species" (PDF). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 55 (1): 63–76.
  3. ^ Edwards, G.B. (2003). "Observations of Theotima minutissimus (Araneae, Ochyroceratidae), a parthenogenetic spider" (PDF). The Journal of Arachnology. 31: 274–277.


  • Baptista, R.L.C. (2003). "Speocera eleonorae sp. n., the first troglomorphic spider from Brazilian caves (Araneae: Ochyroceratidae)". Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 7: 221-224. PDF

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