Oconto County, Wisconsin

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Oconto County, Wisconsin
Oconto County Court House.jpg
The Oconto County Court House, circa 1910
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Oconto County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Named for Oconto River
Seat Oconto
Largest city Oconto
Area
 • Total 1,149 sq mi (2,976 km2)
 • Land 998 sq mi (2,585 km2)
 • Water 151 sq mi (391 km2), 13%
Population
 • (2010) 37,660
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.oconto.wi.us
Rural Oconto County in fall

Oconto County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,660.[1] Its county seat is Oconto.[2] The county was established in 1851.[3]

Oconto County is part of the Green Bay, WI Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Green Bay-Shawano, WI Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

First visited by French explorers in the 17th century, Oconto County is among the oldest settlements in Wisconsin. Father Claude-Jean Allouez of the Roman Catholic Jesuit order said the first Mass in Oconto. Among the first settlers was Joseph Tourtilott, who explored much of the Oconto River watershed. Oconto County was created in 1851 and organized in 1854.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,149 square miles (2,980 km2), of which 998 square miles (2,580 km2) is land and 151 square miles (390 km2) (13%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

J. Douglas Bake Memorial Airport (KOCQ) serves the county and surrounding communities.

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Oconto County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 3,592
1870 9,321 159.5%
1880 9,848 5.7%
1890 15,009 52.4%
1900 20,874 39.1%
1910 25,657 22.9%
1920 27,104 5.6%
1930 26,386 −2.6%
1940 27,075 2.6%
1950 26,238 −3.1%
1960 25,110 −4.3%
1970 25,553 1.8%
1980 28,947 13.3%
1990 30,226 4.4%
2000 35,634 17.9%
2010 37,660 5.7%
Est. 2016 37,430 [6] −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2014[1]
Woods along U.S. Route 41

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 35,634 people, 13,979 households, and 10,050 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 19,812 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.76% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.9% were of German, 11.8% Polish, 6.0% French and 5.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 13,979 households out of which 32.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 6.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males.

Communities[edit]

Oconto County sign

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 66.0% 13,345 29.4% 5,940 4.6% 921
2012 54.1% 10,741 44.6% 8,865 1.3% 253
2008 46.2% 8,755 52.3% 9,927 1.5% 286
2004 55.8% 11,043 43.1% 8,534 1.1% 217
2000 52.5% 8,706 43.8% 7,260 3.8% 630
1996 38.8% 5,389 48.4% 6,723 12.8% 1,773
1992 35.6% 5,720 36.7% 5,898 27.7% 4,455
1988 51.7% 7,084 47.8% 6,549 0.6% 83
1984 61.7% 8,714 37.5% 5,289 0.9% 121
1980 58.0% 8,292 37.4% 5,352 4.5% 649
1976 47.8% 6,232 50.2% 6,541 2.0% 254
1972 59.4% 6,511 36.9% 4,041 3.8% 413
1968 53.7% 5,680 35.4% 3,737 10.9% 1,152
1964 40.9% 4,420 58.9% 6,360 0.1% 15
1960 55.2% 6,223 44.7% 5,045 0.1% 15
1956 65.0% 6,836 34.5% 3,632 0.5% 57
1952 69.6% 7,807 30.1% 3,382 0.3% 31
1948 52.6% 4,865 46.2% 4,269 1.2% 113
1944 57.4% 5,923 42.1% 4,348 0.5% 51
1940 53.9% 6,238 45.6% 5,273 0.6% 66
1936 34.2% 3,774 61.0% 6,729 4.8% 531
1932 30.8% 2,915 68.0% 6,440 1.2% 110
1928 51.9% 4,661 47.4% 4,253 0.7% 65
1924 33.1% 2,562 7.8% 602 59.1% 4,571
1920 78.2% 4,735 17.0% 1,030 4.8% 293
1916 56.2% 2,570 41.4% 1,892 2.4% 110
1912 46.6% 1,988 35.7% 1,523 17.7% 755
1908 64.8% 3,020 31.2% 1,453 4.1% 190
1904 73.7% 3,279 23.0% 1,024 3.3% 146
1900 69.7% 2,754 28.3% 1,117 2.0% 79
1896 67.1% 2,836 30.5% 1,290 2.4% 102
1892 43.3% 1,275 50.9% 1,499 5.8% 170

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer, (New York:Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 1364
  4. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 15, 2015. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 6, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°59′N 88°14′W / 44.99°N 88.23°W / 44.99; -88.23