# Octagram

Regular octagram
A regular octagram
TypeRegular star polygon
Edges and vertices8
Schläfli symbol{8/3}
t{4/3}
Coxeter–Dynkin diagrams
Symmetry groupDihedral (D8)
Internal angle (degrees)45°
Propertiesstar, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal
Dual polygonself

In geometry, an octagram is an eight-angled star polygon.

The name octagram combine a Greek numeral prefix, octa-, with the Greek suffix -gram. The -gram suffix derives from γραμμή (grammḗ) meaning "line".[1]

## Detail

In general, an octagram is any self-intersecting octagon (8-sided polygon).

The regular octagram is labeled by the Schläfli symbol {8/3}, which means an 8-sided star, connected by every third point.

## Variations

These variations have a lower dihedral, Dih4, symmetry:

 NarrowWide(45 degree rotation) Isotoxal An old Flag of Chile contained this octagonal star geometry with edges removed (the Guñelve). The regular octagonal star is very popular as a symbol of rowing clubs in the Cologne Lowland, as seen on the club flag of the Cologne Rowing Association. The geometry can be adjusted so 3 edges cross at a single point, like the Auseklis symbol An 8-point compass rose can be seen as an octagonal star, with 4 primary points, and 4 secondary points.

The symbol Rub el Hizb is a Unicode glyph ۞  at U+06DE.

## As a quasitruncated square

Deeper truncations of the square can produce isogonal (vertex-transitive) intermediate star polygon forms with equal spaced vertices and two edge lengths. A truncated square is an octagon, t{4}={8}. A quasitruncated square, inverted as {4/3}, is an octagram, t{4/3}={8/3}.[2]

The uniform star polyhedron stellated truncated hexahedron, t'{4,3}=t{4/3,3} has octagram faces constructed from the cube in this way. It may be considered for this reason as a three-dimensional analogue of the octagram.

Isogonal truncations of square and cube
Regular Quasiregular Isogonal Quasiregular

{4}

t{4}={8}

t'{4}=t{4/3}={8/3}
Regular Uniform Isogonal Uniform

{4,3}

t{4,3}

t'{4,3}=t{4/3,3}

Another three-dimensional version of the octagram is the nonconvex great rhombicuboctahedron (quasirhombicuboctahedron), which can be thought of as a quasicantellated (quasiexpanded) cube, t0,2{4/3,3}.

## Star polygon compounds

There are two regular octagrammic star figures (compounds) of the form {8/k}, the first constructed as two squares {8/2}=2{4}, and second as four degenerate digons, {8/4}=4{2}. There are other isogonal and isotoxal compounds including rectangular and rhombic forms.

Regular Isogonal Isotoxal

a{8}={8/2}=2{4}

{8/4}=4{2}

{8/2} or 2{4}, like Coxeter diagrams + , can be seen as the 2D equivalent of the 3D compound of cube and octahedron, + , 4D compound of tesseract and 16-cell, + and 5D compound of 5-cube and 5-orthoplex; that is, the compound of a n-cube and cross-polytope in their respective dual positions.

## Other presentations of an octagonal star

An octagonal star can be seen as a concave hexadecagon, with internal intersecting geometry erased. It can also be dissected by radial lines.

star polygon Concave Central dissections

Compound 2{4}

|8/2|

Regular {8/3}

|8/3|

Isogonal

Isotoxal

## Other uses

• In Unicode, the "Eight Spoked Asterisk" symbol is U+2733.
• The 8-pointed diffraction spikes of the star images from the James Webb Space Telescope are due to the diffraction caused by the hexagonal shape of the mirror sections and the struts holding the secondary mirror.[3]
• Used as a parol or star for the 2010 ABS-CBN Christmas Station ID Ngayong Pasko Magniningning Ang Pilipino (lit.'This Christmas, the Filipinos will Shine') due to the usage of a sun from the Philippine flag, making it also a nationalism and patriotism-themed song aside from being a Christmas song.