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The Octateuch (/ˈɒktətjk/, from Ancient Greek: ἡ ὀκτάτευχος, romanizedhe oktateuchos, lit.'"eight-part book"') is a traditional name for the first eight books of the Bible, comprising the Pentateuch, plus the Book of Joshua, the Book of Judges and the Book of Ruth.[1] These texts make up the first eight books of the Septuagint, which provided the ordering used in traditional Christian Bibles. This order is quite different from that of the Masoretic Text of the Jewish Bible, where Ruth is considered part of the third section of the canon, the Ketuvim, and is found after the Song of Songs, being the second of the Five Megillot.[2]

The Ethiopian Beta Israel Jewish community also uses the Octateuch, which they simply call the Orit.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pentateuch" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 123..
  2. ^ "Ruth, book of", Jewish Encyclopedia.
  3. ^ "After Centuries: A Rare Bible of the Jews of Ethiopia Reaches Jerusalem", The National Library of Israel.