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Octavia Spencer

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Octavia Spencer
Spencer at the White House in 2016
Octavia Lenora Spencer

(1970-05-25) May 25, 1970 (age 54)
EducationAuburn University at Montgomery
Auburn University (BA)
Years active1996–present
AwardsFull list

Octavia Lenora Spencer (born May 25, 1970)[1][a] is an American actress. She is the recipient of several accolades, including an Academy Award, a British Academy Film Award, and a Golden Globe Award, in addition to a nomination for a Primetime Emmy Award.

Spencer made her film debut in the 1996 drama A Time to Kill. Following a decade of brief roles in film and television, her breakthrough came in 2011 when she played a maid in 1960s America in the drama film The Help, which won her the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. In ensuing years, she won the National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role in Ryan Coogler's biopic Fruitvale Station (2013), had a recurring role in the CBS sitcom Mom (2013–2015), and starred in the Fox drama series Red Band Society (2014–2015).

Spencer's roles as other black women in 1960s America, as Dorothy Vaughan in the biopic Hidden Figures (2016) and a cleaning woman in the fantasy The Shape of Water (2017), earned her two consecutive nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, becoming the first black actress to achieve such feat, as well as the first, and to date only, to be nominated twice after winning. She has since starred in The Divergent Series (2015–16), The Shack (2017), Gifted (2017), Instant Family (2018), Luce (2019), Ma (2019), Onward (2020), and Spirited (2022). She led the Apple TV+ drama series Truth Be Told (2019–2023) and was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie for her portrayal of Madam C. J. Walker in the Netflix miniseries Self Made (2020).

As an author, Spencer created the children's book series Randi Rhodes, Ninja Detective. She has published two books in the series, titled The Case of the Time-Capsule Bandit (2013) and The Sweetest Heist in History (2015).[4]

Early life[edit]

Octavia Lenora Spencer[5] was born in Montgomery, Alabama, and has six siblings, including sisters Rosa and Areka Spencer.[6] Her mother, Dellsena Spencer (1945–1988),[7] worked as a maid.[8] Her father died when she was thirteen.[9] Spencer graduated from Jefferson Davis High School in 1988.[10] She studied at Auburn University at Montgomery,[11] and graduated from Auburn University, where she majored in English with a double minor in journalism and theater.[12] Spencer has dyslexia.[13]

In December 2021 and 2022, Auburn alumna Spencer bought food for students during finals week.[14]



Spencer worked as an intern on the set of The Long Walk Home, a film starring Whoopi Goldberg.[15] In 1997, she moved to Los Angeles on the advice of her friend Tate Taylor, the future director of The Help, in which Spencer would later star.[16]

Spencer made her film debut as a nurse in Joel Schumacher's A Time to Kill, based on the book by John Grisham. She was originally hired to work on casting, but asked Schumacher if she could audition for a part.[17] Other film credits include: Miss Congeniality 2, Never Been Kissed, Big Momma's House, Bad Santa, Spider-Man, Coach Carter, Win a Date with Tad Hamilton! and Pretty Ugly People. She has made a number of guest appearances on television series, including Raising the Bar, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, The Big Bang Theory, Wizards of Waverly Place, Grounded for Life, ER, Titus, Becker, 30 Rock and Dharma & Greg, plus a recurring role on the sitcom Mom. She is also known for her starring roles as Serenity Johnson on Comedy Central's Halfway Home, and Constance Grady, the amorous INS caseworker on Ugly Betty.

In 2003, Spencer made her stage debut in Los Angeles, in Del Shores' play, The Trials and Tribulations of a Trailer Trash Housewife, starring opposite veteran actress Beth Grant. It was her first and only play, as, she once explained, she suffers from what she called "intense stage fright".[18] Later that year, she starred opposite Allison Janney in Tate Taylor's short feature Chicken Party.

In 2008, Spencer's brief appearance in Seven Pounds as Kate, Rosario Dawson's home care nurse, garnered her high praise and media attention.[19] In April 2009, Entertainment Weekly listed Spencer as among its "25 Funniest Actresses in Hollywood".[20]

In August 2009, Spencer appeared in Rob Zombie's Halloween II. She also had a role in the American remake of the Danish classic Love at First Hiccup, opposite Scout Taylor-Compton. Spencer starred in the feature film Herpes Boy, alongside Beth Grant, Ahna O'Reilly and Byron Lane. She played the voice of "Minny" on the audio version of novel The Help, by Kathryn Stockett. Later that year, Spencer's short film The Captain was honored by the CICFF as a finalist for the REEL Poetry Award.

Spencer (middle) and The Help cast at the 18th Screen Actors Guild Awards


In August 2010, Spencer joined Viola Davis, Emma Stone and Bryce Dallas Howard in the period drama film The Help, an adaptation of the novel of the same name. She played the feisty and unflappable maid Minny Jackson. The film was written, produced and directed by Tate Taylor, and produced by Brunson Green, Chris Columbus, Michael Barnathan, and Mark Radcliffe. She won the 2012 Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture for her work in The Help.[21] On February 12, 2012, Spencer won a BAFTA for Best Supporting Actress for her Performance in The Help, and on February 26 she won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the same performance; it was her first Oscar nomination and first win. Spencer was given a standing ovation at the ceremony, and was moved to tears during her acceptance speech. In June 2012, Spencer was invited to join the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.[22]

In 2013, she appeared alongside Michael B. Jordan in Fruitvale Station, a film chronicling the last day of Oscar Grant, who was killed at a Bay Area Rapid Transit station in 2009.[23] In September 2013, it was announced that she would reunite with The Help director Taylor in the biopic on singer James Brown Get On Up, opposite her The Help co-star Viola Davis. The film was released in 2014.[24] From September 2014 until February 2015, she starred in Steven Spielberg's Fox drama television series Red Band Society.[25]

Spencer co-starred alongside Kevin Costner in the drama film Black or White (2014)[26] and co-starred as Johanna Reyes in the second installment of the Divergent series, The Divergent Series: Insurgent (2015).[27] She reprised the role in The Divergent Series: Allegiant (2016). She voiced Mrs. Otterton in Disney's Zootopia, which marked her animated film debut.

In 2016, she starred alongside Taraji P. Henson and Janelle Monáe in Hidden Figures, a film about African-American mathematicians at NASA who were critical to its success in the 1960s in the Space Race, and who each had careers there. She played mathematician and human computer Dorothy Vaughan. The role garnered her a Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild Award for her performance and earned Spencer a second nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, making her the first black actress to follow up an Oscar victory with another nomination, having previously won for The Help.[28] In honor of Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Spencer bought out a Los Angeles screening of Hidden Figures to treat low-income families that would have been unable to afford to see the film otherwise.[29]

Spencer at the Hidden Figures premiere in 2016

In 2017, Spencer co-starred with Sally Hawkins in Guillermo del Toro's dark fantasy drama film The Shape of Water, which follows a mute custodian at a high-security government laboratory who befriends a captured humanoid-amphibian creature. The film was screened in the main competition section of the 74th Venice International Film Festival, where it premiered to positive reviews on August 31, 2017,[30] and was awarded the Golden Lion for best film in the competition.[31] It also screened at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival.[32] Spencer earned Golden Globe and BAFTA Award nominations for her portrayal, while receiving her third Academy Award nomination in the Best Supporting Actress category, making her the first black actress to receive two consecutive Oscar nods in back-to-back years.[28]

In 2018, Spencer has starring roles as a preschool principal in the drama film A Kid Like Jake and a social worker in the comedy film Instant Family. She also executive produced the biographical comedy-drama film Green Book, which went on to receive the Academy Award for Best Picture.

In 2019, she starred as Harriet Wilson, a history teacher who makes an alarming discovery about an all-star student, in the drama film Luce. The film premiered at the 2019 Sundance Film Festival and earned critical acclaim.[33] She then received praise for her starring role as Sue Ann "Ma" Ellington in the psychological horror film Ma, which was directed by frequent collaborator Tate Taylor. For the latter, she received a nomination for the Saturn Award for Best Actress. Also in 2019, Spencer returned to television by executive producing and starring in the Apple TV+ drama series Truth Be Told.[34]


In January 2020, Spencer had a voice role as Dab-Dab, an enthusiastic duck with a metal leg, in the fantasy comedy film Dolittle, starring Robert Downey Jr. as the titular character. She also voiced a manticore restaurant owner in the Pixar animated fantasy film Onward, which was released in March 2020 to positive reviews.

Spencer executive produced and starred as Madam C. J. Walker in the Netflix biographical limited series Self Made, which was released on March 20, 2020.[35] For her performance in the series, Spencer received a nomination for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie.[36]

Spencer starred alongside Anne Hathaway in Robert Zemeckis's horror comedy The Witches, which released on October 22, 2020. Spencer co-stars with Melissa McCarthy as women who suddenly develop superpowers in the superhero comedy film Thunder Force.[37] She will reunite with her The Help co-star Jessica Chastain for a holiday comedy film.[38]

Personal life[edit]

While appearing on The Ellen DeGeneres Show in 2017, Spencer said she is Southern Baptist.



Year Title Role Notes
1996 A Time to Kill Nurse Annette
Valley Girls Cheerleader Short
1997 The 6th Man Nativity Watson
Sparkler Wanda
1998 Making Sandwiches Short
1999 Never Been Kissed Cynthia
Being John Malkovich Woman in Elevator
Blue Streak Shawna
2000 The Sky Is Falling Nurse #2
Everything Put Together Nurse B
American Virgin Agnes Large
What Planet Are You From? Nurse Damiana
Auto Motives Rhonda Short
Big Momma's House Twila
Four Dogs Playing Poker Lorraine
2001 Sol Goode Unemployment Clerk
The Journeyman Black Belly
2002 Spider-Man Check-In Girl
2003 Legally Blonde 2: Red, White & Blonde Security Guard
S.W.A.T. Neighbor in Alley
Chicken Party Laqueta Mills Short
Bad Santa Opal
2004 Win a Date with Tad Hamilton! Janine
Breakin' All the Rules Stylist
2005 Coach Carter Mrs. Battle
Pretty Persuasion Woman
Marilyn Hotchkiss' Ballroom Dancing and Charm School Ayisha Lebaron
Miss Congeniality 2: Armed and Fabulous Octavia – Bookstore
Beauty Shop Big Customer
Wannabe Lady Chanet Janney Jones
2006 Pulse Landlady
2007 The Nines Pedestrian
2008 Pretty Ugly People Mary
The Spleenectomy Nurse Short
Seven Pounds Home Health Care Nurse Kate
Next of Kin Grace
2009 Drag Me to Hell Bank Co-Worker No. 1
The Soloist Troubled Woman
Jesus People: The Movie Angel Angelique
Just Peck Detention Room Teacher
Halloween II Nurse Daniels
The First Time Mrs. Hambrick
Herpes Boy Rochelle
2010 Small Town Saturday Night Rhonda Dooley
Dinner for Schmucks Madame Nora
Love & Distrust Rhonda Video
Peep World Allison
2011 Flypaper Madge Wiggins
The Help Minny Jackson
Girls! Girls! Girls!
2012 Smashed Jenny
The Perfect Fit Shy Girl Short
Blues for Willadean LaSonia Robinson
2013 Fruitvale Station Wanda
Lost on Purpose Nurse Keller
Snowpiercer Tanya
Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters Martha Voice
Paradise Loray
2014 Get On Up Aunt Honey Washington
Black or White Rowena Jeffers
2015 The Divergent Series: Insurgent Johanna Reyes
Fathers and Daughters Dr. Korman
The Great Gilly Hopkins Miss Harris
2016 The Free World Linda Workman
Zootopia Mrs. Otterton Voice
The Divergent Series: Allegiant Johanna Reyes
Car Dogs Mrs. Barrett
Bad Santa 2 Opal
Hidden Figures Dorothy Vaughan
2017 The Shack Papa
Small Town Crime Kelly Banks
Gifted Roberta Taylor
The Shape of Water Zelda Fuller
2018 A Kid Like Jake Judith "Judy" Lawson
Instant Family Karen
2019 Luce Harriet Wilson
Ma Sue Ann "Ma" Ellington
2020 Dolittle Dab-Dab Voice
Onward "Corey" The Manticore Voice
The Witches Grandma Agatha Hansen
Superintelligence Herself Voice
2021 Thunder Force Emily Stanton / Bingo
Encounter Hattie
2022 Spirited Kimberly
2025 The Smurfs Movie TBA Voice
TBA Tow Filming


Year Title Role Notes
1997 413 Hope St. Job Counselor #1 Episode: "Pilot"
1998 Moesha Gloria Episode: "Teacher"
To Have & to Hold Clerk Episode: "Right My Fire"
ER Maria Jones Episode: "Hazed and Confused"
1999 Brimstone Duty Nurse Episode: "Faces"
L.A. Doctors Bus Driver Episode: "Forty-Eight Minutes"
Chicago Hope Nurse Jane Episode: "Oh What a Piece of Work Is Man"
Roswell Nurse Episode: "Leaving Normal"
The X-Files Nurse Octavia Episode: "Millennium"
Lansky Evelyn the Maid Television film
2000 Chicken Soup for the Soul Hannah Episode: "Thinking of You/Mama's Soup Pot/The Letter"
Just Shoot Me! Nurse Episode: "Finch on Ice"
Becker Ticket Woman Episode: "One Wong Move"
Malcolm in the Middle Cashier Episode: "High School Play"
City of Angels Nurse Bernice Recurring cast
Missing Pieces Elegant Guest Television film
2001 Grounded for Life Admitting Nurse Episode: "Jimmy's Got a Gun"
Dharma & Greg Gloria Episode: "Wish We Weren't Here"
Follow the Stars Home Hildy Television film
2001–02 The Chronicle Ruby Rydell Recurring cast
Titus Ms. Alice Hays Episode: "Amy's Birthday" & "The Visit"
2002 Presidio Med Sheryl Washington Episode: "Do No Harm"
NYPD Blue Dawna Cahill Episode: "Gypsy Woe's Me"
Little John Waitress Television film
2004–05 LAX Flight Attendant Recurring cast
2005 NYPD Blue Eleanor Jackson Episode: "Old Man Quiver"
CSI: NY Child Welfare Rep Episode: "On the Job"
Medium Jurist Episode: "Judge, Jury and Executioner"
2006 Huff Demetria Episode: "Red Meat"
Standoff Rapid Air Clerk Episode: "Pilot"
2006–07 The Minor Accomplishments of Jackie Woodman Female Security Guard Cheryl Recurring cast
2007 Ugly Betty Constance Grady Recurring cast (season 1)
Halfway Home Serenity Johnson Main cast
2008 Wizards of Waverly Place Dr. Evilini Episode: "Wizard School: Part 1 & 2"
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Sherry Episode: "Drops' Out"
The Big Bang Theory DMV Employee Episode: "The Euclid Alternative"
Faux Baby Robyn Episode: "Valley of the Fauxs"
2009 Worst Week Nurse Episode: "The Epidural"
Dollhouse Professor Janack Episode: "Echoes"
Raising the Bar Arvina Watkins Recurring cast (season 2)
2010 Hawthorne Emily Thomkins Episode: "Afterglow"
2011 Family Practice Helen Overby Television film
2013 30 Rock Herself Episode: "Game Over"
American Dad! Shonteeva Voice; episode: "For Black Eyes Only"
Call Me Crazy: A Five Film Dr. Nance Television film
2013–15 Mom Regina Tompkins Recurring cast; seasons 1–3
2014–15 Red Band Society Nurse Dena Jackson Main cast
2015 Break a Hip Dr. Trekman Episode: "The Doctor"
Drunk History Harriet Tubman Episode: "Spies"
2017 Saturday Night Live Herself (host) Episode: "Octavia Spencer/Father John Misty"
2018 The Goldbergs: 1990-Something Narrator Television film
2019 Black-ish Herself Episode: "Black History Month"
2019–23 Truth Be Told Poppy Parnell Main cast[34]
2020 Self Made Madam C. J. Walker Main cast[35]
2022 Norman Lear: 100 Years of Music & Laughter Herself Television special[39]
2024 Young Sheldon Officer Rhonda Thompson Episode: "Community Service and the Key to a Happy Marriage"

Awards and nominations[edit]

Spencer has received three nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress, including one win. She is the first African-American actress to receive Academy Award nominations in back-to-back years, the first African-American actress to receive two Academy Award nominations after a win, and the second-most nominated African-American actress to date.[28][40]

She has also won three Screen Actors Guild Awards, three National Board of Review Awards, two Satellite Awards, two Critics' Choice Movie Awards, a Golden Globe Award, and a WSFA Award.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Spencer previously had given her birth year as 1972, a date disseminated in reference sources.[2] She announced in May 2020 that she actually had turned 50.[3]


  1. ^ Mike Rose, cleveland com (May 25, 2024). "Famous birthdays list for today, May 25, 2024 includes celebrities Octavia Spencer, Ian McKellen". cleveland. Retrieved June 2, 2024.
  2. ^ "Octavia Spencer Biography: Film Actress, Television Actress (1972–)". Biography.com. Archived from the original on August 11, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  3. ^ Spencer at 00:10 in video on her verified Instagram account (Archived from the original on June 27, 2020). Reported in outlets including "Octavia Spencer revises her age upwards for her birthday". RTÉ. May 27, 2020. Archived from the original on May 27, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020. The big 5-0. Ugh! Yeah, I know I've been saying I'm 48.
  4. ^ Deutsch, Lindsay (January 16, 2013). "Cover reveal: Octavia Spencer's first book, 'Randi Rhodes, Ninja Detective'". USA Today. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  5. ^ "Octavia Spencer before she was a star". WSFA. Montgomery/Dothan, Alabama. February 26, 2012. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 16, 2017.
  6. ^ Shanahan, Mark; Goldstein, Meredith (January 17, 2012). "WRKO's Areka Spencer thrilled for her sister". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on September 25, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  7. ^ "Public Record of Dellsena Spencer". Familysearch.org. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
  8. ^ Calkin, Jessamy (July 16, 2009). "The maid's tale: Kathryn Stockett examines slavery and racism in America's Deep South". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on January 11, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  9. ^ Pringle, Gill (November 7, 2014). "Octavia Spencer interview: The Help star and Oscar winner on becoming James Brown's aunt". The Independent. Retrieved November 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "Octavia Spencer, Montgomery native, wins Golden Globe". Montgomery Advertiser. January 16, 2012. Archived from the original on February 21, 2015.
  11. ^ Carlton, Bob (August 7, 2011). "Montgomery actress Octavia Spencer may become a star with 'The Help'". The Birmingham News. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
  12. ^ Greene, Teri (August 14, 2011). "Montgomery native stars in 'The Help'". The Tuscaloosa News. Archived from the original on September 15, 2011. Retrieved July 8, 2012.
  13. ^ Good Morning America (April 6, 2017). "Chris Evans, Octavia Spencer and Mckenna Grace open up about 'Gifted'". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 14, 2021. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  14. ^ "Oscar-winner Octavia Spencer buying food for Auburn students during finals week". December 5, 2021.
  15. ^ Dreier, Peter (February 27, 2012). "Will The Help's Oscar Revive Interest in The Long Walk Home?". The Huffington Post. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  16. ^ Onstad, Katrina (November 3, 2016). "Octavia Spencer Cracks a Few Hollywood Equations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
  17. ^ Riley, Jenelle (May 4, 2005). "Octavia Spencer: The Quip Queen". AllBusiness.com. Archived from the original on November 16, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  18. ^ Riley, Jenelle (August 8, 2011). "How Octavia Spencer Landed the Role of a Lifetime". Backstage. Archived from the original on March 16, 2016. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
  19. ^ Rosen, Lisa (February 4, 2009). "Big impressions in brief roles". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  20. ^ "The 25 Funniest Actresses in Hollywood: Octavia Spencer". Entertainment Weekly. April 13, 2009. Archived from the original on April 13, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  21. ^ O'Malley, Sheila (August 15, 2011). "Could Viola Davis, Emma Stone & Octavia Spencer Get Oscar Nods for 'The Help'?". iVillage. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  22. ^ Thompson, Arienne (June 29, 2012). "McConaughey, Spencer invited to join Academy". USA Today. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  23. ^ Kit, Borys (April 17, 2012). "Oscar Winner Octavia Spencer to Star in Movie About Controversial Police Killing". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
  24. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (September 30, 2013). "Tate Taylor Reunites With 'The Help's Viola Davis, Octavia Spencer On James Brown Pic". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
  25. ^ Harnick, Chris (September 17, 2014). "Red Band Society Stars Octavia Spencer and Dave Annable on Looking for Life and Laughs in Sickness and Tragedy". E! Online. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  26. ^ Obenson, Tambay A. (May 8, 2013). "Octavia Spencer Will Battle Kevin Costner For Custody In Drama 'Black And White'". IndieWire. Archived from the original on May 25, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
  27. ^ Sommersby, Yaunna (May 12, 2014). "Casting News: Octavia Spencer To Play Johanna In 'Insurgent'". PageToPremiere.com. Archived from the original on November 13, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  28. ^ a b c Nolfi, Joey (January 23, 2018). "Oscars: Octavia Spencer makes history with The Shape of Water nomination". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  29. ^ Kile, Meredith B. (January 16, 2017). "'Hidden Figures' Stars Octavia Spencer & Taraji P. Henson Share the Love After Another Big Box Office Weekend". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
  30. ^ Anderson, Ariston (July 27, 2017). "Venice Competition Includes Films From George Clooney, Guillermo del Toro, Darren Aronofsky". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  31. ^ "Guillermo del Toro's 'The Shape of Water' wins Venice Golden Lion". The Guardian. September 9, 2017. Retrieved September 9, 2017.
  32. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (July 25, 2017). "Toronto Film Festival 2017 Unveils Strong Slate". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  33. ^ "Luce (2019)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  34. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (May 2, 2018). "'Are You Sleeping' Drama Starring Octavia Spencer Gets Apple Series Order; Reese Witherspoon & Peter Chernin Producing". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  35. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (July 29, 2018). "Netflix Orders 'Madam C.J. Walker' Limited Series Starring Octavia Spencer & Produced By LeBron James". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  36. ^ "2020 Primetime Emmy® Awards – Nomination Press Release" (PDF). Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  37. ^ Fleming, Mike (March 29, 2019). "Octavia Spencer & Melissa McCarthy As Superheroes? Netflix Closing 'Thunder Force,' With Ben Falcone At Helm". Deadline. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  38. ^ Kroll, Justin; Lang, Brent (January 17, 2018). "Jessica Chastain, Octavia Spencer to Reunite for Holiday Comedy". Variety. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
  39. ^ Matthew, Gilbert (September 19, 2022). "This week's TV: Norman Lear at 100, a comedy about reboots, and a reboot of 'Quantum Leap'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved September 19, 2022.
  40. ^ Giliberti, Luca (March 5, 2021). "Viola Davis is now the single most nominated African-American actress in Oscar history". GoldDerby. Retrieved March 15, 2021.

External links[edit]