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Temple was the youngest son of Rev. William Johnston Temple and Anne Stow. He was born and raised in Cornwall. In 1805 Temple married Dorcas Carveth in Cornwall. The couple had been introduced by Temple's godfather Sir Christopher Hawkins (Bart) MP. They had five children. In 1830 Temple and purchased a farm - Axon, near Culmstock (now part of Tiverton), Devon whilst in England between postings. He was the father of Frederick Temple and grandfather of William Temple, both Archbishops of Canterbury.
Lieutenant in the 4th and 48th.
Captain in the 38th and 14th.
After the war he was stationed in Malta.
On his death on 13 August 1834, a dispatch was sent from the Secretary of State to the officer administering the government of Sierra Leone, which read
- "His Majesty (William IV) has received with much regret the intelligence of Lieutenant-Governor Temple's death, and has been pleased to approve of the measures which were taken to honour the memory of that meritorious officer".