October 12 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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October 11Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendarOctober 13

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 25 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For October 12th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 29.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

  • Saint Epiktitos the Wonderworker,[3][34] and with him several ascetics of the "300 Allemagne Saints", in Cyprus (12th century):[2][note 23]
  • Saints Valantios; Varlaam; Barnabus the Monk; Basil the Bishop; George (Vavatsiniotis); George (Epitideiotis); George (Perachoritis); George (Salamanis); Dimitrianos the Bishop; Irenikos (or Arniakos); Elpidios; and Epahroditos.[3][37]
  • Venerable Saints Amphilochius (1452),[17][38] Macarius (1480),[39] and Tarasius (1440),[40] Abbots, and Theodosius, monk (15th century), of Glushitsa Monastery, Vologda, disciples of St. Dionysius of Glushitsa.[1][16][note 24]
  • Saint Arsenius, Archimandrite, of Svyatogorsk Monastery (1859)[1]
  • Saint Euphrosyne (Mezenova) the Faster, Schema-Abbess, of Siberia (1918)[1][16]

New Martys and Confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyr John Letnikov (1930)[16][17]
  • New Hieromartyr Juvenal (Maslovsky), Archbishop of Ryazan (1937)[1]
  • New Hieromartyr Lawrence (Levchenko), Hieromonk, of Optina Monastery (1937)[1][16][17]
  • New Hieromartyr Alexander Pozdeyevsky, Priest (1940)[16][17]
  • New Hiero-confessor Nicholas (Mogilevsky), Metropolitan of Alma-Ata (1955)[1][16][17][note 25]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "Hagiographical research suggests that there have been at least four saints named Anastasia, two of them martyrs in Rome in the 250s, one martyred in Sirmium of Pannonia (modern Serbia) in the late third or early fourth century, and one a patrician woman from the time of Justinian. The careers and multilayered conflations of the three (or perhaps two) martyrs named Anastasia have been studied in detail (by Hippolyte Delahaye, Paul Devos and François Halkin); the history is convoluted...; the three martyrs as commonly distinguished are:[5]
    1. October 12: Anastasia "the Roman," virgin martyr under Diocletian and Valerian.
    2. October 28/29 (also 12 October, 25 December): Anastasia "the Virgin", martyr under Diocletian.
    3. December 22: Anastasia pharmakolytria "Poison-Curer", widow and martyr in Sirmium/Sirmio, and her companions."
  3. ^ "DOMNINA suffered in .the persecution of Diocletian. She was a native of Anazarbus in Cilicia. The soles of her feet were burnt, and her back was scourged. She died of exhaustion in prison."[8]
  4. ^ "In Lycia, St. Domnina, martyr, under the emperor Diocletian."[9]
  5. ^ Most likely the same martyrs as those commemorated on September 30.
  6. ^ Saint John Chrysostom wrote their encomium (eulogy).
  7. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Andromachos (Ἀνδρομάχος);
    • Andromache (Ἀνδρομάχη).
  8. ^ Born in Upper Pannonia (now Hungary), he was the son of a Roman officer. At the age of fifteen he enrolled in the imperial cavalry. In Amiens in France, where he was posted, he cut his cloak in half and gave his own half to a beggar. This beggar turned out to be Christ. This led to his baptism. He left the army and placed himself in the hands of St Hilary, Bishop of Poitiers, living for ten years as a hermit and founding a monastery in Ligugé. In 372 he was made Bishop of Tours, but he accepted the office with great reluctance. Founding another monastic centre in Marmoutier, he continued to live as a monk, while publicly he devoted himself to his episcopal duties. He opposed Arianism and Priscillianism, but befriended Priscillianists when they were persecuted by the civil authorities. He was the greatest monk in the West of the age and hundreds of churches were dedicated to him. His shrine in Tours was and still is a resort of Orthodox pilgrims.
  9. ^ His brother was St. Arcadius of Arsinoe, Bishop and Wonderworker, who is commemorated on August 29.
  10. ^ Transferred to this day from March 12, in Great Lent.
  11. ^ Bishop of Milan in Italy from 193 for fifty-six years. He lived through several persecutions.
  12. ^ "At Milan, St. Monas, bishop. He was chosen as head of that church, because a miraculous light from heaven surrounded him whilst they were deliberating on the choice of a bishop."[9]
  13. ^ Born in Noricum, between the Inn and the Danube, in Austria. As bishop, he founded the church of Lorsch near Passau and was martyred in Cilli in Styria under Numerian.
  14. ^ "At Cilly, in Styria, St. Maximilian, bishop of Lorch."[9]
  15. ^ "At Ravenna, on the Lauretine road, the birthday of St. Edistius, martyr."[9]
  16. ^ "AT Rome, the holy martyrs Evagrius, Priscian, and their companions."[9]
  17. ^ Two bishops in North Africa, leaders of a great multitude of Orthodox - the number of four thousand nine hundred and sixty-six is usually given- driven to starvation and death in the Sahara Desert by the Arian Vandal King, Hunneric.
  18. ^ "In Africa, four thousand nine hundred and sixty-six holy confessors and martyrs, in the persecution of the Vandals under the Arian king Hunneric. Some of them were bishops, some priests and deacons, with a multitude of the faithful accompanying them, who were driven into a frightful wilderness for the defence of the Catholic truth. Many of them were cruelly annoyed by the Moorish leaders, and with sharp-pointed spears and stones forced to hasten their march, whilst others, with their feet tied, were dragged like corpses through rough places and mangled in all their limbs. They were finally tortured in different manners, and won the honors of martyrdom. The principal among them were the bishops Felix and Cyprian."[9]
  19. ^ His relics are enshrined in St Stephen's church there.
  20. ^ In 616 he became King of Northumbria in England, married Ethelburgh of Kent and was baptised by St Paulinus. He fell in battle at Hatfield Chase fighting against pagan Mercians and Welsh and was venerated as a martyr.
  21. ^ "The life of Edwin, King of Northumbria, is so intimately mixed up with that of S. Paulinus of York, that the reader is referred for it to the life of this latter saint, on Oct. 10th."[31]
  22. ^ Born in Ripon in England, he became a monk at Lindisfarne. After a short stay in Canterbury he went to France and Rome (653-657). On his return to Northumbria he founded the monastery of Ripon and in 668 played a leading part in the Council of Whitby. The rest of his life was occupied with journeys and missionary work among the Frisians and in Sussex. His zeal made him an important if controversial figure.
  23. ^ Saint Epiktitos the Wonderworker is described as one of the "300 Allemagne Saints" in Cyprus. The 300 Allemagne Saints came to Cyprus from Palestine, and lived as ascetics in various parts of the island. According to some of their lives in the Great Synaxaristes, after the dissolution of the Second Crusade (1147 - 1149), they decided to live the monastic life in the Jordan desert. However since the Latins there disturbed them, they relocated to Cyprus and dispersed over the island.[35][36]
  24. ^ See: (in Russian) Амфилохий Глушицкий. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  25. ^ See: (in Russian) Николай (Могилевский). Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  26. ^ See: (in Russian) Калужская икона Божией Матери. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  27. ^ See: (in Russian) Филермская икона Божией Матери. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  28. ^ The translation of the Holy Relics of Venerable Sabbas the Sanctified from the church of Sant'Antonin, Venice, back to the Holy Lavra of Saint Sabbas the Sanctified, was preceded by consultations between Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Benedict I of Jerusalem.[46] Saint Sabbas' relics had been stolen by the Crusaders of the First Crusade (1096-1099), along with many other relics, and were brought to Venice and placed in the Church of Sant'Antonin.[46] The delegation from the Patriarchate of Jerusalem in 1965 included Archbishop Vasilios of Jordan (later the Metropolitan of Caesarea); Archimandrite Theodosios - Igumen of Bethany; Archimandrite Seraphim Savvaitis - Igumen of the Holy Lavra of Saint Sabbas the Sanctified; and Hierodeacon Kyriakos (later the Metropolitan of Nazareth).[46] Elder Seraphim Savvaitis (†2003) had written in his memoirs that:
    • "the Pope did not return the holy relics to us because he loved us, but because Saint Sabbas the Sanctified would often appear to him and troubled him to return his relics back to his monastery (i.e. Holy Lavra of Saint Sabbas the Sanctified). When the Pope died without having taken into account the Saint, Saint Sabbas appeared again to his successor. Moreover, in the church where his holy relics were kept within a glass reliquary, the Saint would hit the glass, making trouble and upsetting the guards and the Latin monks."[46]
  29. ^ An encyclical of the Holy Archdiocese of Athens of September 1999 (No. 22/30) decreed that the Synaxis of the Saints of Athens was to be celebrated on October 12 each year:
    • (in Greek) Σύναξη «πάντων των εν τη πόλει των Αθηνών και των περιχώρων διαπρεψάντων αγίων αποστόλων, ιεραρχών και οσίων, των εξ αυτής καταγομένων και των αλλαχόθεν εν αυτοίς αγωνισθέντων και τελειωθέντων».[48]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w October 12/25. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l (in Greek) Συναξαριστής. 12 Οκτωβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n (in Greek) 12/10/2017. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἀναστασία ἡ Παρθένος. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Jane Baun. Tales from Another Byzantium: Celestial Journey and Local Community in the Medieval Greek Apocrypha. Cambridge University Press, 2007. p.117.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Δομνίνη ἡ Μάρτυς. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Martyr Domnina of Anazarbus. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  8. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. DOMNINA, M. (ABOUT A.D. 304.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 285.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 315–316.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Μαλφεθᾶ ἡ Μάρτυς. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Ἀνθία ἡ Μάρτυς. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι 70 Μάρτυρες. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἰουβεντίνος καὶ Μάξιμος (ἢ Μαξιμίνος) οἱ Μάρτυρες. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἀνδρομάχος καὶ Διόδορος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ St. Martin the Merciful the Bishop of Tours. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q October 25 / October 12. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l (in Russian) 12 октября по старому стилю / 25 октября по новому стилю. Русская Православная Церковь - Православный церковный календарь на 2016 год.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k October 12. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Πρόβος, Τάραχος καὶ Ἀνδρόνικος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ Martyr Tarachus at Tarsus, in Cilicia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  21. ^ St. Cosmas the Hymnographer the Bishop of Maiuma. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Θεόδοτος Ἐπίσκοπος Ἐφέσου. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἰάσων Ἐπίσκοπος Δαμασκοῦ. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Θεοσέβιος ὁ Ἀρσινοΐτης. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Συμεὼν ὁ Νέος Θεολόγος. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. PANTALUS, B.M. (A.D. 451.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 285-287.
  27. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "SS. CYPRIAN AND FELIX, BB., MM. (ABOUT A.D. 482.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 287-290.
  28. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. FIECH, B.C. (BEGINNING OF 6th CENTURY)." In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 290-292.
  29. ^ St. Edwin, King and Martyr. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  30. ^ a b Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 487-491.
  31. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. EDWIN, K.M. (A.D. 633)." In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 292.
  32. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. WILFRID, BP. OF YORK (A.D. 709)." In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 292-318.
  33. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Wilfrid (Ἄγγλος). 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  34. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἐπίκτητος ὁ Θαυματουργός. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  35. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀναστάσιος ὁ Θαυματουργός ὁ ἐν Κύπρῳ. 17 Σεπτεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  36. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀββακοὺμ ὁ ἀσκητὴς. 2 Δεκεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  37. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Βαλάντιος, Βαρλαᾶμ, Βαρνάβας ὁ Μοναχός, Βασίλειος ὁ Ἐπίσκοπος, Γεώργιος ὁ Βαβατσινιώτης, Γεώργιος ὁ Ἐπιτηδειώτης, Γεώργιος ὁ Περαχωρίτης, Γεώργιος ὁ Σαλαμάνης, Δημητριανὸς ὁ Ἐπίσκοπος, Εἰρηνικὸς ἢ Ἀρνιακός, Ἐλπίδιος, Ἐπαφρόδιτος. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  38. ^ Venerable Amphilochius the Abbot of Glushetsa. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  39. ^ St. Macarius, Abbot of Glushetsa. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  40. ^ St. Tarasius of Glushetsa. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  41. ^ Icon of the Mother of God "Jerusalem". OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  42. ^ Icon of the Mother of God of Yaroslav-Smolensk. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  43. ^ Icon of the Mother of God of Rudens. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  44. ^ Icon of the Mother of God of Kaluga. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  45. ^ Translation of a Particle of the Life Giving Cross from Malta to Gatchina. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  46. ^ a b c d (in Greek) Περί της επανακομιδής του ιερού λειψάνου του αγίου Σάββα. Impankratoros.gr (Holy Monastery of Pantokratoros, Melisohori). Retrieved: 07 February 2017.
  47. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Σύναξις τῶν ἐν Ἀθήναις Ἁγίων. 12 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  48. ^ (in Greek) Σύναξις των εν Αθήναις Αγίων. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources