October 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Oct. 12 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Oct. 14

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on October 26 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For October 13th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on September 30.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martys and Confessors[edit]

Other commemorations[edit]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "At Thessalonica, St. Florentius, a martyr, who, after enduring various torments, was burned alive."[6]
  3. ^ "Florentius of Thessalonica, a very zealous Christian, was hung on the " little horse," and his sides torn with iron rakes; then, more dead than alive, he was cast into a burning pile of wood and consumed."[7]
  4. ^ He is not present in the Synaxarion. His memory is referenced in the Patmiako Codex 266, together with St. Florentius of Thessalonica. However he may be the same as St, Martyrius the Notary of Constantinople (October 25).
  5. ^ He is not present in the Synaxarion. His memory is referenced in the Lavreotiko Codex Δ23, together with St. Florentius of Thessalonica, where their service can be found.
  6. ^ "At Troas, in Asia Minor, the birthday of St. Carpus, disciple of the blessed apostle Paul."[6]
  7. ^ He originated from the so-called Skinopolites, and he held office as a councillor. He abandoned all worldly goods and honours, and presented himself to the governor, Lucian, whom he roundly held to account for the persecutions against the Christians. The archon being stunned at Dioscorus' attitude, attempted to convert his opinion through flattery and threats. However because he did not succeed, he tortured the Saint fiercely and in the end decapitated him.
  8. ^ Certain Synaxaria commemorate him on March 31 as well.
  9. ^ See: (Italian) Luca di Demenna. Wikipedia. (Italian Wikipedia).
  10. ^ "At Cordova, in Spain, the birthday of the holy martyrs Faustus, Januarius, and Martial. First tortured on the rack, then having their eyelashes shaven, their teeth plucked out, their ears and noses cut off, they finished their martyrdom by fire."[6]
  11. ^ "Faustus, Januarius, and Martial, three Christians of Cordova, were brought before the governor Eulogius, and when they refused to sacrifice were slung on the " little horse," but without the pain shaking their confidence and faith. Eulogius then ordered the ears and noses of Faustus and Januarius to be cut off, and as they remained steadfast, the three martyrs were consumed by fire. The "invention" of their relics took place in the year 1575. The church of S. Peter in Cordova was being repaired, when a stone sarcophagus was dug up containing bones and skulls of eighteen bodies. Popular opinion at once concluded that these were the bodies of the three martyrs, with some extra sufferers. This pious conjecture was affirmed to be true by a papal bull of Gregory XIII."[21]
  12. ^ "The Aberdeen Breviary says that Fyncana and Findoch died respectively in 526 and 716. But Hector Boece says that they were daughters of S. Donevald, or Donald (July 12), who, with his nine daughters, is said by local tradition to have led a religious life in the glen of Ogilvy, in Forfarshire, where they are still remembered as the Nine Maidens. After his death they are said to have gone to Abernethy. Boece, however, makes only seven maidens. The church of Finaven was dedicated to the Nine Maidens, so also was Strathmartin. There is a Nine Maiden Well there, and in the park at Glamis. But there were other nine maidens brought over by S. Bridget — chief of whom was S. Mazota (Dec. 23) — who are often confounded with the daughters of S. Donald. In the Breviary of Aberdeen is a note or rubric that Fyncana was venerated at Echt in the diocese of Aberdeen, and Findocha at the archidiaconate of the diocese of Dunblane, this is probably Findo-Gask. At Bendochy, near Cupar Angus, there was anciently a chapel at S. Phink, dedicated to that saint; a small part of the ruins remain."[22]
  13. ^ He reposed at the coastal town of Matuziano, since renamed San Remo after him.
  14. ^ Born in Ireland, he was the brother of St Kentigern. He became a monk in Scotland and was buried on Iona.
  15. ^ A monk and Abbot of Murbach near Colmar in Alsace in France. In 778 he became Bishop of Augsburg in Germany.
  16. ^ "S. Simpert, or Sindebert, was a nephew of Charles the Great, according to some modern authors, but no good grounds for such a statement can be produced. He spent his early life in the abbey of Murbach, near Colmar, and on the death of Tasso, Bishop of Augsburg, in 778, Charlemagne selected him to be his successor. After the death of Abbot Amicho of Murbach he was elected abbot in his room, so that he ruled at the same time an extensive diocese and an important monastery. He rebuilt the church of S. Afra at Augsburg, and greatly benefited by endowments the abbey of Fussen."[25]
  17. ^ Gerald, Count of Aurillac in France, led virtuous life as a layman. He founded a monastery on his estate and endowed it. He is the patron-saint of Upper Auvergne.
  18. ^ Born in Ireland, he was going through Austria on his way to the Holy Land, when he was arrested as a spy, tortured and hanged with evildoers in Stockerau near Vienna. Miracles were worked by his relics and he was venerated as a saint. He is honoured as one of the patron-saints of Austria.
  19. ^ A monk at the monastery of Sts Ulric and Afra in Augsburg in Germany. In 1015 he moved to the monastery of Edersberg. In 1022 he became Abbot of Lorsch and later founded the monastery of Heiligenberg and in 1032 he became Bishop of Speyer.
  20. ^ See: (Russian) Вениамин Печерский. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  21. ^ See: (Russian) Кикин, Иннокентий Арсеньевич. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  22. ^ See: (Russian) Ермолов, Николай Алексеевич (священнослужитель). Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  23. ^ See: (Russian) Седмиозерная икона Божией Матери. Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).
  24. ^ See: (Russian) Фаддей (Успенский). Википе́дия. (Russian Wikipedia).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m October 13/26. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 13 Οκτωβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  3. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φλωρέντιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  4. ^ a b c d e f (Greek) 13/10/2017. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  5. ^ Martyr Florentius of Thessalonica. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  6. ^ a b c d e The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 316–317.
  7. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. FLORENTIUS, M. (4TH CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 322.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Μαρτύροχος. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Διοκλητιανός. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Κάρπος, Παπύλος, Ἀγαθόδωρος καὶ Ἀγαθονίκη οἱ Μάρτυρες. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  11. ^ Martyr Carpus at Pergamum. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  12. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. CARPUS. (1ST CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 319.
  13. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Διόσκορος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  14. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀντίγονος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  15. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Τὰ Ἅγια δύο Παιδιά. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Βενιαμὴν ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας ὁ Διάκονος. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ Martyr Benjamin the Deacon of Persia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  18. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Νικήτας ὁ Ὁμολογητής καὶ Πατρίκιος. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. ^ St. Nicetas the Confessor of Paphlagonia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j October 13. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  21. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "SS. FAUSTUS, JANUARIUS, AND MARTIALIS, M.M. (ABOUT A.D. 310.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 321.
  22. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "SS. FYNCANA AND FINDOCHA, VV. (8TH CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 324.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j October 26 / October 13. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  24. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. CONGAN, AB. (8TH CENT.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 325.
  25. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. SIMPERT, B. OF AUGSBURG. (A.D. 809.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. p. 326.
  26. ^ Rev. Sabine Baring-Gould (M.A.). "S. COLMAN, M. (A.D. 1012.)" In: The Lives of the Saints. Volume the Eleventh: October – Part I. London: John C. Nimmo, 1898. pp. 326-327.
  27. ^ (Greek) Άγιος Ιάκωβος o Χαματουρίτης. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g (Russian) 13 октября по старому стилю / 26 октября по новому стилю. Русская Православная Церковь - Православный церковный календарь на 2016 год.
  29. ^ Venerable Benjamin of the Kiev Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  30. ^ (Russian) ВЕНИАМИН. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  31. ^ a b (Russian) 26 октября (13 октября). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  32. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ἡ Ἁγία Χρυσὴ ἡ Παρθενομάρτυς. 13 ΟΚΤΩΒΡΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  33. ^ New Martyr Chryse (Zlata) of Meglena, Bulgaria. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  34. ^ (Russian) ЗЛАТА МОГЛЕНСКАЯ. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  35. ^ St. Anthony, Metropolitan of Chqondidi. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  36. ^ (Russian) ИННОКЕНТИЙ. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  37. ^ Translation of the Iveron Icon of the Mother of God to Moscow. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  38. ^ (Russian) ИВЕРСКАЯ ИКОНА БОЖИЕЙ МАТЕРИ. Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).
  39. ^ Icon of the Mother of God of the Seven Lakes. OCA - Lives of the Saints.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources