October 1914

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The following events occurred in October 1914:

October 1, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

October 2, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

October 3, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

October 4, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

October 5, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

October 6, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 7, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 8, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

October 9, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

  • Siege of Antwerp — Finding no resistance from the defending fortresses around Antwerp, German commanding officer Hans Hartwig von Beseler ceased bombardment and called on Belgian General Victor Deguise to surrender. However, four civilian representatives, including the Mayor of Antwerp Jan De Vos, met with Beseler beforehand to request an end to the bombardment of the city and signed a capitulation. The document forced Deguise to accept the terms a day later and surrender along with 30,000 Allied troops. German troops occupied the city until the end of World War One.[29]
  • Battle of the Vistula River — German forces arrived at Vistula River but found little resistance on the river's west bank. General Nikolai Ruzsky, commander of the Russian Northwest Front, sent troops from Warsaw to attack the German's left flank, but the Germans knew of the army's strength from orders found on the body of a Russian officer.[30] They knew three Russian armies would concentrate against the German Ninth Army to relieve pressure on the Austro-Hungarian line in the south.[31]
  • A German airplane appeared over Lille, France and dropped two bombs on the city's post office. By the afternoon, all men of fighting age were ordered to leave Lille immediately, while civilians in the surrounding towns and villages were evacuated.[32]
  • Born: Joseph L. Melnick, American medical scientist, lead breakthrough research in how polio was spread, in Boston (d. 2001)
  • Died: Dumitru C. Moruzi, Romanian writer, founder of the Romanian literary magazine Sămănătorul (b. 1850)

October 10, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

October 11, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

October 12, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

October 13, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 14, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 15, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

October 16, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

October 17, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

October 18, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

October 19, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

October 20, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 21, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • First Battle of Ypres — Soldiers from the German 6th and 4th armies attacked Allied forces from the Belgium towns of Armentières, Messines and Langemarck.[94]
  • Battle of La Bassée — Germans troops attacked the Allied defensive line through a mist early morning, and managed to break a gap in line through the element of surprise. But as the mist lifted later, British reserves were able to organize a counterattack which retook most of the lost trenches. However, the British sustained some 1,079 casualties. A reserve trench line was dug to ensure Allied defenses would hold to future counterattacks by the Germans.[95]
  • Battle of Armentières — German forces gained then lost the trench system at Le Gheer, but were able to bombard and capture the village of Le Maisnil.[96]
  • Battle of the Yser — Germans forces were able to establish a small bridgehead on the west bank of the Yser River in Belgium, but were still not able to take Diksmuide.[97]
  • Komagata Maru incident — Immigration officer W.C. Hopkinson was shot dead in a Vancouver provincial courthouse by Mewa Singh, a member of the city's Sikh community, just before Hopkinson was to testify in a trial hearing. Singh shot the officer in retaliation for testimony he gave the day before at the trial of Ram Singh for the murder of Argun Singh (who was shot dead in front of his home on September 3) which resulted in the defendant's acquittal. Hopkinson's murder was the fifth in a bloody feud that erupted in Vancouver's Sikh community between supporters and detractors of the British Columbia government's decision in May to bar the Japanese vessel Komagata Maru carrying hundreds of British Indian citizens from docking at a Canadian port.[98][99]
  • Born: Martin Gardner, American mathematician and writer, creator of the popular Mathematical Games columns in Scientific American from 1956 to 1981, in Tulsa, Oklahoma (d. 2010)

October 22, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

October 23, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

October 24, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

October 25, 1914 (Sunday)[edit]

October 26, 1914 (Monday)[edit]

October 27, 1914 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 28, 1914 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 29, 1914 (Thursday)[edit]

October 30, 1914 (Friday)[edit]

October 31, 1914 (Saturday)[edit]

References[edit]

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