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The following events occurred in October 1933:
- 1 October 1, 1933 (Sunday)
- 2 October 2, 1933 (Monday)
- 3 October 3, 1933 (Tuesday)
- 4 October 4, 1933 (Wednesday)
- 5 October 5, 1933 (Thursday)
- 6 October 6, 1933 (Friday)
- 7 October 7, 1933 (Saturday)
- 8 October 8, 1933 (Sunday)
- 9 October 9, 1933 (Monday)
- 10 October 10, 1933 (Tuesday)
- 11 October 11, 1933 (Wednesday)
- 12 October 12, 1933 (Thursday)
- 13 October 13, 1933 (Friday)
- 14 October 14, 1933 (Saturday)
- 15 October 15, 1933 (Sunday)
- 16 October 16, 1933 (Monday)
- 17 October 17, 1933 (Tuesday)
- 18 October 18, 1933 (Wednesday)
- 19 October 19, 1933 (Thursday)
- 20 October 20, 1933 (Friday)
- 21 October 21, 1933 (Saturday)
- 22 October 22, 1933 (Sunday)
- 23 October 23, 1933 (Monday)
- 24 October 24, 1933 (Tuesday)
- 25 October 25, 1933 (Wednesday)
- 26 October 26, 1933 (Thursday)
- 27 October 27, 1933 (Friday)
- 28 October 28, 1933 (Saturday)
- 29 October 29, 1933 (Sunday)
- 30 October 30, 1933 (Monday)
- 31 October 31, 1933 (Tuesday)
- 32 References
- Thirty-three people were killed in the capsizing of the Japanese sightseeing boat Koun Maru off of the coast of the Kumamoto Prefecture.
- At the recommendation of the Nazi government, all patriotic Germans were expected to set aside the first Sunday of each month as an Eintopfsonntag (literally, a "one-pot Sunday"), with families to have a simple meal rather than a more expensive Sunday meal, and to contribute the difference to the Winterhilfswerk fund.
- Died: Te Rata Mahuta, 56, the fourth King of the Māori people in New Zealand
- The Eugene O'Neill play Ah, Wilderness! was performed for the first time. O'Neill's only comedy, the play has "proved to be enduring and revivable especially in university and community theaters".
- Born: John Bertrand Gurdon, British biologist, in Dippenhall, Hampshire
- A failed assassination attempt against Engelbert Dollfuss seriously injured him.
- A fire in Griffith Park in Los Angeles trapped more than 50 people employed by a Los Angeles County relief project.
- Cuban President Ramón Grau narrowly escaped assassination.
- The Schriftleitergesetz (Editorial Control Law) took effect in Germany, placing the press under the control of the government. All newspaper and magazine editors had to be members of the new "Reich League of the German Press", which banned non-Aryans as well as people married to non-Aryans.
- A group of 1,000 delegates to the annual British Labour Party congress in Hastings opened their session with a moment of silence in memory of fellow workers in Germany who had lost their lives to Nazi oppression. The conference then unanimously passed two resolutions, one condemning Fascism and the other pledging to boycott goods manufactured in Germany as well as calling upon the League of Nations to protect Jews and other racial minorities in Germany.
- Born: Billy Lee Riley, American country musician, in Pocahontas, Arkansas (d. 2009)
- UK Lord President of the Council Stanley Baldwin made a key speech on the subject of disarmament to a meeting of the Conservative Party in Birmingham. Baldwin spoke of the need for a disarmament convention, explaining, "I mean a limitation of armaments, a real limitation, such a one that if we, by the many gestures we have made of disarmament, find ourselves on some lower rating than the figures in such a convention, and some other country has higher figures, that country has to come down and we go up until we meet. No other form of convention would be negotiated by the Government; no other form of convention is in contemplation ... I would only add this: If that convention be signed, the nation that breaks it will have no friend in this civilised world."
- The Prussian Ministry of Justice issued a memorandum advocating euthanasia for persons afflicted with incurable diseases, under three conditions: the afflicted person demand that his misery be ended, two official doctors must certify that the person have an incurable ailment, and that a qualified physician administer the fatal drug.
- The musical romantic comedy film I'm No Angel starring Mae West was released.
- Died: Wallace Rider Farrington, 62, Territorial Governor of Hawaii from 1921 to 1929
- Air France was formed by the merger of five French airline companies – Air Orient, Air Union, Compagnie Générale Aéropostale, Compagnie Internationale de Navigation Aérienne (CIDNA) and Société Générale des Transports Aériens (SGTA) – beginning operations with 250 planes.
- The New York Giants won the 1933 World Series. Victory came in the fifth game, which went into extra innings before the Giants beat the Washington Senators, 4-3
- Diego Martínez Barrio became the new Prime Minister of Spain after being appointed by President Niceto Alcalá-Zamora.
- Korokī Mahuta was crowned as the fifth King of the Māori people in New Zealand, seven days after the death of his father, Te Rata Mahuta. He would be recognized by the New Zealand government as the chief spokesman for the nation's Māori population until his death on May 23, 1966.
- Born: James A. Corbett, American human rights activist and co-founder of the Sanctuary Movement in 1980; in Casper, Wyoming (d. 2001)
- Spanish President Zamora dissolved the Cortes Generales and called new elections for November 19.
- Died: Gus Winkler, 32, American gangster, in a shooting
October 10, 1933 (Tuesday)
- All four passengers and three crew were killed by the bombing of a United Airlines Boeing 247 in the first proven case of air sabotage in commercial airline history.  The plane was flying from Cleveland to Chicago and was at 1,000 feet altitude in a rainstorm when it exploded in flames near Chesterton, Indiana. Investigators would conclude that the blast had been caused by a timer and nitroglycerine that had been hidden in a package put on the plane during an earlier stop at Newark, New Jersey  and the perpetrator would never be identified.
- The "Anti-war Treaty of Non-aggression and Conciliation", commonly called the "Saavedra Lamas Pact" because it was written by Argentina's foreign minister, Carlos Saavedra Lamas, was signed in Rio de Janeiro by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay and Uruguay. Eventually it would be signed by eleven European nations as well.
- Born: Jay Sebring, American celebrity hairstylist, as Thomas John Kummer in Birmingham, Alabama (murdered 1969)
October 11, 1933 (Wednesday)
- The United States, United Kingdom and France agreed at Geneva that Germany's request for expansion of defensive armament should not be granted.
- The "International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age" was signed in Geneva. It would enter into force on August 24, 1934 and be superseded by another convention on March 21, 1950.
October 12, 1933 (Thursday)
- Three members of John Dillinger's gang— Harry Pierpont, Russell Clark and Charles Makley— invaded the city jail in Lima, Ohio and freed him, killing Sheriff Jesse Sarber in the process. 
- U.S. Attorney General Homer Cummings announced that the Department of Justice would acquire the U.S. Army Disciplinary Barracks on California's Alcatraz Island, for the construction of the most secure federal penitentiary up to that time. Cummings told reporters, "Here may be isolated the criminals of the vicious and irredeemable type, so that their evil influence may not be extended to other prisoners who are disposed to rehabilitate themselves." Transfer took place the next day. The first inmates would arrive at Alcatraz Island in 1934.
October 13, 1933 (Friday)
- Thirty workers were killed in the explosion of a fireworks factory at Visakhapatnam in India.
- President Roosevelt gave the FBI principal jurisdiction over the Lindbergh kidnapping case, 19 months after the March 1, 1932 disappearance of Charles Lindbergh, Jr.
- The romantic comedy-drama film Bombshell starring Jean Harlow and Lee Tracy was released.
October 14, 1933 (Saturday)
- Germany announced that it would withdraw from the League of Nations, after the three Allied Powers of World War I (France, the U.K. and the U.S.) denied its request to increase its military.
October 15, 1933 (Sunday)
- Esquire, which billed itself as "the magazine for men", published its first issue, with 100,000 copies that sold out quickly, despite the high cover price of fifty cents.
- The cornerstone for the future Haus der Deutschen Kunst (literally the "House of German Art"), was laid in Munich by Adolf Hitler on a special "German Art Day". Hitler's aide Albert Speer would later recount that the building's architect Paul Troost, had designed a ceremonial silver hammer for the event, but that the hammer broke while Hitler was using it. Troost would die four months later, and Hitler would tell Speer, "When that hammer shattered I knew at once it was an evil omen. Something is going to happen, I thought. Now we know why the hammer broke. The architect was destined to die."
- The Philadelphia Eagles played their first regular season NFL game, more than a month after the other teams had begun play, losing to the Giants at New York, 56-0.
- Died: Nitobe Inazō, 71, Japanese diplomat and Christian
October 16, 1933 (Monday)
- In parliamentary elections for Norway's Storting, the Arbeiderpartiet gained 22 seats to win a plurality (69 of 150 seats) but was still six short of a majority.
- The Commodity Credit Corporation was established by Executive Order 6340 in order to make loans to farmers in return for their delivery of their crops to a warehouse or grain elevator for use as collateral.
- Union County Junior College, the first community college in New Jersey, began classes.
October 17, 1933 (Tuesday)
- Albert Einstein arrived in the United States, on board the ocean liner Westmoreland as a refugee from Nazi Germany, and took up a position at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey.
- The weekly newspaper Negro World, which had been founded 15 years earlier by Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association, ceased publication.
October 18, 1933 (Wednesday)
- The Grumman F2F fighter airplane was given its first flight, piloted by Jimmy Collins.
- The last lynching in Maryland took place in the town of Princess Anne. George Armwood had been arrested two days earlier and charged with the rape of an 81-year-old woman. A mob of more than 1,000 people surrounded the Somerset County Jail, dragged him through the streets, hanged him, then brought the body back to the courthouse where it was hung from a telephone pole and burned.
October 19, 1933 (Thursday)
- William C. Bullitt and Henry Morgenthau, Jr. were sent by U.S. President Roosevelt to informally speak with Soviet trade representative Boris Skvirskii about the prospect of establishing diplomatic relations between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
- Died: Moses Orimolade, 55, Nigerian Yoruban religious leader who founded the Order of the Cherubim and Seraphim.
October 20, 1933 (Friday)
- A storm on Japan's Oguri Island left 379 fishermen missing.
- Born: William Eteki Mboumoua, Cameroonian diplomat who was the 3rd Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity (OAU); in Douala (d. 2016)
October 21, 1933 (Saturday)
- Jaan Tõnisson resigned his leadership as the Riigivanem (State Elder) of Estonia, and was succeeded by Konstantin Päts.
- Let 'Em Eat Cake, a musical by George and Ira Gershwin that was a sequel to the successful Of Thee I Sing, premiered on Broadway, and proved to be a failure, running 89 performances.
October 22, 1933 (Sunday)
- Voters in Iceland overwhelmingly approved the repeal of a 1915 law that had prohibited the sale of alcohol. In 1922, the law had been modified to grant an exception to wines imported from Spain.
October 23, 1933 (Monday)
- In his first bank robbery since escaping from jail and then raiding police stations for guns and bulletproof vests, John Dillinger and his gang robbed the Central National Bank in Greencastle, Indiana, taking $75,000. On the same day, Baby Face Nelson and his gang robbed the First National Bank of Brainerd, Minnesota, of $32,000.
October 24, 1933 (Tuesday)
- Édouard Daladier resigned as Prime Minister of France after the Socialist deputies in Parliament failed to support his plans for increased taxes and decreased government spending. After both Albert Sarraut and Camille Chautemps served for one month and two months respectively, Daladier would become Prime Minister again on January 29, 1934.
- Thirty people were killed in France, and 32 injured, when the Cherbourg to Paris express derailed while rounding a sharp curve near Évreux and sent three passenger cars into the Rouloir River.
- Died: Lucy Craft Laney, 79, African-American educator
October 25, 1933 (Wednesday)
- U.S. President Roosevelt reversed economic policy and began a program of buying gold at higher than the existing rate of $20.67 per ounce.
- What one author has described as "radio's first romantic adventure", Dangerous Paradise premiered on the NBC Blue Network (later renamed the ABC Radio Network).
October 26, 1933 (Thursday)
- After the Dillinger gang continued its string of robberies in Indiana, Governor Paul V. McNutt took the unusual response of calling out the Indiana National Guard to stop the criminals. The gang then fled to Chicago.
October 27, 1933 (Friday)
- Charles Edward Washington, scheduled to be put to death in the electric chair in the District of Columbia jail, was given a two-day reprieve while awaiting death for the murder of a D.C. policeman. His partner, William Robinson, was already in the chair when the call from President Roosevelt came, and was executed as scheduled. After the two days expired, Washington was 2 hours and 20 minutes away from another execution on October 30, when he received another reprieve.
- Grady Brooks was executed in Milledgeville, Georgia, for the murder of prison guard Lee Lindsay. Before going to the electric chair, the 19-year-old African-American confessed to 18 other murders, five of them when he was a 13-year-old child.
- Miss Grace Fryer became the 18th employee of an Orange, New Jersey, watch factory to die of radium poisoning. Miss Fryer had developed the disease almost twenty years earlier, and had painted watch faces with radium so that they would glow. As with the other workers, she moistened the paint brushes with her lips and ingested the carcinogenic element.
- Died: Ramon Casanelles, Spanish anarchist who assassinated Prime Minister Dato; in a motorcycle accident.
October 28, 1933 (Saturday)
- Stadio Mussolini was formally dedicated in Turin during events marking the 11th anniversary of the March on Rome. The venue was renamed after World War II and is known today as Stadio Olimpico di Torino.
- Died: E. H. Sothern, 72, American stage actor who was half of the team, with his wife Julia Marlowe, of "Sothern and Marlowe"
October 29, 1933 (Sunday)
- The Amalgamated Broadcasting System, a radio network founded by Ed Wynn in September to compete against NBC, CBS and Mutual, broadcast its final program and then went off of the air permanently.
- Died:Paul Painlevé, 69, Prime Minister of France during World War I.
October 30, 1933 (Monday)
- The Falange Española, a Spanish fascist political party, was founded by José Antonio Primo de Rivera with an organizational meeting at the Teatro de la Comedia in Madrid. After the success of the Phalangists in the Spanish Civil War, Primo de Rivera's successor, Francisco Franco, would rule Spain for almost 40 years.
- The Romance of Helen Trent premiered on the CBS Radio Network and began a run of almost 27 years and 7,222 episodes. The daytime soap opera would continue until June 24, 1960.
- Born: Wallace D. Muhammad, Black Muslim leader who changed church policy after succeeding his father, Elijah Muhammad; in Hamtramck, Michigan (d. 2008)
October 31, 1933 (Tuesday)
- Samuel Insull, former utilities magnate who had fled the United States to avoid charges of swindling investors, was successful in avoiding extradition from Greece.
- "Steamer Capsizes", Pittsburgh Press, October 2, 1933, p1
- Irene Guenther, Nazi 'Chic'?: Fashioning Women in the Third Reich (Berg, 2004) p233
- Angela Ballara, Te Kingitanga: The People of the Māori King Movement (Auckland University Press, 1996) p108
- Don B. Wilmeth, The Cambridge Guide to American Theatre (Cambridge University Press, 2007) p56
- "Dollfuss Is Shot But Will Live; Assassin Held", Oakland Tribune, October 3, 1933, p1
- "Fifty Trapped, Die in Flames", Pittsburgh Press, October 4, 1933, p1
- "President of Cuba Escapes Assassins", Pittsburgh Press, October 3, 1933, p1
- Jeffrey Herf, The Jewish Enemy: Nazi Propaganda During World War II And the Holocaust (Harvard University Press, 2006) p18
- "8,000,000 Workers Pledge German Boycott". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. October 6, 1933. p. 2.
- "'Railroad Jack,' High Brow Hobo, Reaches Trail's End" Pittsburgh Press, October 7, 1933, p1
- "Britain Rejects Hitler's Claim for More Arms". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. October 7, 1933. p. 1.
- "Leader's speech, Birmingham 1933". BritishPoliticalSpeech. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- "Prussia Urges Incurables Be Put to Death". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. October 7, 1933. p. 6.
- "OTT's Homer Wins World Series For Giants", Pittsburgh Press, October 8, 1933, pS-1
- "Spanish President Dissolves Cortes", Pittsburgh Press, October 9, 1933, p23
- "Koroki Te Rata Mahuta Tawhiao Potatau Te Wherowhero", by Angela Ballara, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography online
- "Spanish Cortes Dead; Election Battle Opens". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago. October 10, 1933. p. 5.
- "Seven Killed as Air Liner Explodes, Falls in Flames"", Pittsburgh Press, October 11, 1933, p1
- "Crash of Air Liner Is Laid to Bomb", Pittsburgh Press, October 14, 1933, p1
- "Aeronautical Mass Murder", in Encyclopedia of Murder and Violent Crime, Eric Hickey, ed. (SAGE, 2003), p1
- Edmund Jan Osmańczyk and Anthony Mango, Encyclopedia of the United Nations and International Agreements: A to F (Taylor & Francis, 2003) p1980-1981
- "Big Powers Forbid Germany to Re-Arm", Pittsburgh Press, October 11, 1933, p1
- Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General, Volume 1 (United Nations Publications, 2005) p460
- William B. Breuer, J. Edgar Hoover and His G-Men (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995) p136
- G. Russell Girardin and William J. Helmer, Dillinger: The Untold Story (Indiana University Press, 2005)
- "Kill Sheriff, Take Robber from Ohio Jail", Chicago Daily Tribune, October 13, 1933, p1
- David A. Ward and Gene G. Kassebaum, Alcatraz: The Gangster Years (University of California Press, 2009) p49
- "Fireworks Factory Blast Fatal to 30", Pittsburgh Press, October 14, 1933, p1
- Ronald Kessler, The Bureau: The Secret History of the FBI (Macmillan, 2003) p30
- "GERMANY QUITS LEAGUE OF NATIONS", Pittsburgh Press, October 14, 1933, p1; Leopold Schwarzschild, Chronicle of a Downfall: Germany 1929-1939 (I.B. Tauris, 2010) p114
- David E. Sumner, The Magazine Century: American Magazines Since 1900 (Peter Lang, 2010) p83
- Albert Speer, Inside the Third Reich (Simon and Schuster, 1970) p49
- "Labor Party Shows Gains in Norway", Lethbridge (AB) Herald, October 18, 1933, p4
- Jim Powell, FDR's Folly: How Roosevelt and His New Deal Prolonged the Great Depression (Random House Digital, 2004) p136
- Donald R. Raichle, New Jersey's Union College: A History, 1933-1983 (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1983) p30
- Walter Isaacson, Einstein: His Life and Universe (Simon and Schuster, 2007) p425
- Cornel West and Eddie S. Glaude, African American Religious Thought: An Anthology (Westminster John Knox Press, 2003) p570
- Cory Graff, F6F Hellcat at War (Zenith Imprint, 2009) p18
- Barbara Allen, Sense Of Place: American Regional Cultures (University Press of Kentucky, 1992) pp84-86; "Mob Lynches Man Accused in Attack Case", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 19, 1933, p1; "1001 Black Men – #197, George Armwood"
- Edward M. Bennett, Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Search for Security: American-Soviet Relations, 1933-1939 (Rowman & Littlefield, 1985) p16
- "379 Missing in Storm", Pittsburgh Press, October 21, 1933, p1
- Richard C. Frucht, Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture, Volume 1 (ABC-CLIO, 2004) p78
- Howard Pollack, George Gershwin: His Life And Work (University of California Press, 2006) p550
- "Voting in Iceland Dooms Prohibition", Pittsburgh Press, October 23, 1933, p1
- John Toland, The Dillinger Days (Da Capo Press, 1995) p136
- Philip Charles Farwell Bankwitz, Maxime Weygand and Civil-Military Relations in Modern France (Harvard University Press, 1967) p169
- Edgar A. Haine, Railroad Wrecks (Associated University Presses, 1993) pp154-155
- Herbert Levy, Henry Morgenthau, Jr: The Remarkable Life of FDR's Secretary of the Treasury (Skyhorse Publishing, 2010)
- Jim Cox, Historical Dictionary of American Radio Soap Operas (Scarecrow Press, 2005)
- "President Roosevelt Spares Condemned Man When Death in Chair Is But 4 Minutes Away", Pittsburgh Press, October 27, 1933, p1
- "Man Again Escapes Chair", Pittsburgh Press, October 30, 1933, p1
- "Youth Confesses Killing 19 Persons", Pittsburgh Press, October 27, 1933, p1
- "18th Victim Dies of Radium Poison", Pittsburgh Press, October 27, 1933, p1
- "Duce Launches Italy on Drive to 'Conquer' World". Chicago Daily Tribune. October 29, 1935. p. 15.
- Bill Jaker, et al., The Airwaves of New York: Illustrated Histories of 156 Am Stations in the Metropolitan Area, 1921-1996 (McFarland, 1998) p12
- Antony Beevor, The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 (Penguin, 2006) p40
- "Greek Verdict Lauds Insull, Liberates Him", Pittsburgh Press, November 1, 1933, p1