October 1941

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
01 02 03 04
05 06 07 08 09 10 11
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
19 20 21 22 23 24 25
26 27 28 29 30 31  

The following events occurred in October 1941:

October 1, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 2, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

October 3, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

October 4, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

October 5, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

October 6, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

October 7, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 8, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • The Battle of Changsha ended in Chinese victory.
  • The Germans captured Mariupol on the Sea of Azov[1] and Oryol southwest of Moscow.[11]
  • U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent Stalin a short message stating that he was "confident that ways will be found to provide the material and supplies necessary to fight Hitler on all fronts, including your own. I want particularly to take this occasion to express my great confidence that your armies will ultimately prevail over Hitler and to assure you of our great determination to be of every possible material assistance."[12]
  • Near Hokitika, New Zealand, farmer Stanley Graham went on a shooting rampage after a dispute with a neighbour and killed seven people, including four police officers who were called in after the initial argument. The biggest manhunt in New Zealand history commenced.
  • German submarines U-507 and U-657 were commissioned.
  • Born: Jesse Jackson, civil rights activist and politician, in Greenville, South Carolina
  • Died: Edward Mark Best, 41 or 42, New Zealand police officer (killed by Stanley Graham); Gus Kahn, 54, American lyricist; Valentine O'Hara, 66, Irish author

October 9, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

October 10, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

October 11, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

  • President Roosevelt wrote to Winston Churchill requesting a gentleman's agreement to share information on atomic research. Churchill would write back in December accepting the request.[16]
  • The Soviet government announced the evacuation from Moscow of all women and children not engaged in war work.[1]
  • German submarine U-209 was commissioned.
  • Born: Lester Bowie, jazz trumpet player and composer, in Frederick, Maryland (d. 1999)
  • Died: Charles Treat, 81, American major general

October 12, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

October 13, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

October 14, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • Ordnungspolizei Chief Kurt Daluege signed the first order for the deportation of Berlin's Jews to the occupied territories of the east.[18]
  • The United States and Argentina signed a trade agreement lowering duties on many imports to Argentina from the United States. The Americans were eager to get the deal signed in order to keep Argentina out of the economic sphere of the Axis.[4][19]
  • Italian Defence Chief Ugo Cavallero ordered that plans be completed for the occupation of Malta and that special units be trained to participate in the operation.[20]
  • SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS Paul Hausser was wounded in action on the Eastern Front and lost the sight in his right eye. He would subsequently wear a black eyepatch that would become his trademark.[21][22]

October 15, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 16, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Siege of Odessa ended in Pyrrhic Axis victory.
  • The Jewish population of Lubny and neighbouring towns were ordered to report for relocation. The 1,900 Jews who obeyed the order were taken to an antitank trench outside the town and shot.[25]
  • The British corvette HMS Gladiolus was lost while escorting convoy SC 48. The cause of its loss is unknown.
  • Due to pressure from the Germans, Philippe Pétain announced that he had condemned Blum, Daladier and Gamelin to life imprisonment, long before their trial could even begin. Pétain justified the action under Constitutional Act No. 7 dated January 27, 1941, even though it was illegal to apply it retroactively.[14]
  • German submarines U-160, U-592 and U-703 were commissioned.
  • Born: Tim McCarver, baseball player and sportscaster, in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Died: Sergei Efron, 48, Russian poet and military officer (executed); Harold Fowler McCormick, 69, American businessman

October 17, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

October 18, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

October 19, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Joseph Stalin proclaimed a state of siege in the capital and issued an Order of the Day that "Moscow will be defended to the last."[11]
  • German forces captured Mozhaysk.[2]
  • German submarine U-204 was depth charged and sunk by British warships in the Strait of Gibraltar.
  • Died: Hector Cowan, 78, American football player and coach

October 20, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

  • German forces captured Borodino, 60 miles from Moscow.[27]
  • Mass murderer Stanley Graham was mortally wounded in a shootout with police near his farm. He died of his wounds the next morning.
  • German submarine U-508 was commissioned.
  • Born: Anneke Wills, actress, in Berkshire, England

October 21, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 22, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 23, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

October 24, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

  • The Germans captured Kharkov and Belgorod.[10]
  • The three-day Odessa massacre ended with some 25,000 to 34,000 Jews and 15,000 Romani murdered.
  • The British cargo ships Alhama, Ariosto and Carsbreck were sunk 300 nautical miles west of Gibraltar by the German submarine U-564.

October 25, 1941 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The German drive on Moscow was almost completely halted due to bad weather.[32]
  • Riga Ghetto was established.[32]
  • President Roosevelt released a formal statement condemning reprisal executions carried out by the Nazis in occupied Europe. "The practice of executing scores of innocent hostages in reprisal for isolated attacks on Germans in countries temporarily under the Nazi heel revolts a world already inured to suffering brutality," the statement read.[33]
  • The British minelayer Latona was bombed and sunk by the Luftwaffe off Tobruk.
  • German submarines U-117, U-171 and U-437 were commissioned.
  • Born: Helen Reddy, singer and actress, in Melbourne, Australia; Anne Tyler, writer and literary critic, in Hennepin County, Minnesota
  • Died: Robert Delaunay, 56, French artist (cancer)

October 26, 1941 (Sunday)[edit]

October 27, 1941 (Monday)[edit]

  • Erich von Manstein's 11th Army broke into the Crimean Peninsula.[10]
  • The Germans captured Plavsk.[35]
  • President Roosevelt made an address on Navy Day declaring that "America has been attacked," referring to the Kearny incident ten days earlier. "I say that we do not propose to take this lying down. Our determination not to take it lying down has been expressed in the orders to the American Navy to shoot on sight. Those orders stand." The president also that "when we have helped to end the curse of Hitlerism we shall help to establish a new peace which will give to decent people everywhere a better chance to live and prosper in security and in freedom and in faith. Each day that passes we are producing and providing more and more arms for the men who are fighting on actual battle-fronts. That is our primary task."[36]
  • Palestinian leader Amin al-Husseini arrived in Rome for talks with Fascist leaders.[1]
  • The British submarine HMS Tetrarch sent its last communication before being lost in the Mediterranean Sea, probably to a naval mine.
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald's unfinished novel The Last Tycoon was posthumously published by Charles Scribner's Sons.[37]
  • The Big Store - Movie starring the Marx Brothers, went on general release.
  • Born: Gerd Brantenberg, author, teacher and feminist writer, in Oslo, Norway

October 28, 1941 (Tuesday)[edit]

October 29, 1941 (Wednesday)[edit]

October 30, 1941 (Thursday)[edit]

October 31, 1941 (Friday)[edit]

  • While escorting Allied convoy HX 156 in the North Atlantic, the American destroyer USS Reuben James was sunk by the German submarine U-552 with the loss of 115 of 159 crew.
  • Nazi Germany announced heavy taxation increases for tobacco, spirits and champagne effective Monday. State Secretary of the Finance Ministry Fritz Reinhardt claimed that the primary aim of the new taxes was to reduce consumption.[40]
  • Born: Sally Kirkland, actress, in New York City
  • Died: Herwarth Walden, 62, German artist and art expert

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "1941". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Kirchubel, Robert (2013). Operation Barbarossa: The German Invasion of Soviet Russia. Botley, Oxfordshire: Osprey Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-78200-408-0. 
  3. ^ "Hitler's Order of the Day to the German Troops on the Eastern Front". ibiblio. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Chronology and Index of the Second World War, 1938–1945. Research Publications. 1990. pp. 81–82. ISBN 978-0-88736-568-3. 
  5. ^ "The Broadway Parade". Film Daily. New York: Wid's Films and Film Folk, Inc.: 2 September 29, 1941. 
  6. ^ "Hitler Slaps at U. S., Claims Reds Beaten". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. October 3, 1941. p. 1. 
  7. ^ a b Mercer, Derrik, ed. (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 556. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3. 
  8. ^ "Events occurring on Monday, October 6, 1941". WW2 Timelines. 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Was war am 07. Oktober 1941". chroniknet. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "1941". World War II Database. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  11. ^ a b Churchill, Winston (2013). The Second World War, Abridged Edition. Bloomsbury Academic. p. 471. ISBN 978-1-4725-2089-0. 
  12. ^ "Letter from President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Premier Joseph Stalin". ibiblio. October 8, 1941. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  13. ^ "F. D. R. Calls on Congress to Arm All Ships at Once". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. October 9, 1941. p. 1. 
  14. ^ a b Beigbeder, Yves (2006). Judging War Crimes And Torture: French Justice And International Criminal Tribunals and Commissions (1940–2005). Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 161. ISBN 978-90-04-15329-5. 
  15. ^ "Events occurring on Friday, October 10, 1941". WW2 Timelines. 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  16. ^ Parides, Peter K. "To Run With the Swift." The Atomic Bomb and American Society: New Perspectives. ed. Rosemary B. Mariner & G. Kurt Piehler. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2009. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-57233-648-3.
  17. ^ "Moonsund defensive operation of the Great Patriotic War began". Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  18. ^ Large, David Clay (2000). Berlin. Basic Books. pp. 334–335. ISBN 978-0-465-02632-6. 
  19. ^ Eckes, Alfred E., Jr. (1995). Opening America's Market: U.S. Foreign Trade Policy Since 1776. University of North Carolina Press. p. 154. ISBN 978-0-8078-4811-1. 
  20. ^ Corvaja, Santi (2008). Hitler & Mussolini: The Secret Meetings. New York: Enigma Books. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-929631-42-1. 
  21. ^ Mitcham, Samuel W., Jr. (2007). German Order of Battle: Panzer, Panzer Grenadier, and Waffen SS divisions in WWII. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3438-7. 
  22. ^ Williamson, Gordon (2006). German Commanders of World War II (2): Waffen-SS, Luftwaffe and Navy. Osprey Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-84176-597-6. 
  23. ^ "Events occurring on Wednesday, October 15, 1941". WW2 Timelines. 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c Martin, Robert Stanley (May 31, 2015). "Comics By the Date: January 1940 to December 1941". The Hooded Utilitarian. Archived from the original on December 4, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  25. ^ The Holocaust in the Soviet Union. University of Nebraska Press. 2009. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-8032-2270-0. 
  26. ^ "Was war am 18. Oktober 1941". chroniknet. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Events occurring on Monday, October 20, 1941". WW2 Timelines. 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Events occurring on Tuesday, October 21, 1941". WW2 Timelines. 2011. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Exécution de 27 otages dont Guy Môquet". herodote.net. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  30. ^ "French Hostages Shot in German Reprisals". World War II Today. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Picture Gallery and Illustrated History". The HMS Cossack Association. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  32. ^ a b "Was war am 25. Oktober 1941". chroniknet. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Nazi Slaughter of Hostages Hit by Roosevelt". Brooklyn Eagle. Brooklyn. October 25, 1941. p. 1. 
  34. ^ "Ban Use if 4 Metals in Auto 'Brightwork'". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: Chicago Daily Tribune. October 27, 1941. p. 1. 
  35. ^ a b c Forczyk, Robert (2006). Moscow 1941: Hitler's First Defeat. Botley, Oxfordshire: Osprey Publishing. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-84603-017-8. 
  36. ^ "Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Navy Day Address" on the attack on the destroyer Kearney". ibiblio. Retrieved December 31, 2015. 
  37. ^ Fitzgerald, F. Scott; Bruccoli, Matthew J. (1994). The Love of the Last Tycoon: A Western. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press. p. lxxv. ISBN 978-0-521-40231-6. 
  38. ^ Forczyk, Robert (2013). Tank Warfare on the Eastern Front 1941–1942: Schwerpunkt. Pen & Sword. ISBN 978-1-4738-3443-9. 
  39. ^ "National Churchill Museum | Never Give In, Never, Never, Never". www.nationalchurchillmuseum.org. Retrieved 2017-12-24. 
  40. ^ "Heavy New War Taxes Hit Nazis' Tobacco, Liquor". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago: Chicago Daily Tribune. November 1, 1941. p. 11.