2001

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Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
2001 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar2001
MMI
Ab urbe condita2754
Armenian calendar1450
ԹՎ ՌՆԾ
Assyrian calendar6751
Baháʼí calendar157–158
Balinese saka calendar1922–1923
Bengali calendar1408
Berber calendar2951
British Regnal year49 Eliz. 2 – 50 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2545
Burmese calendar1363
Byzantine calendar7509–7510
Chinese calendar庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
4697 or 4637
    — to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4698 or 4638
Coptic calendar1717–1718
Discordian calendar3167
Ethiopian calendar1993–1994
Hebrew calendar5761–5762
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2057–2058
 - Shaka Samvat1922–1923
 - Kali Yuga5101–5102
Holocene calendar12001
Igbo calendar1001–1002
Iranian calendar1379–1380
Islamic calendar1421–1422
Japanese calendarHeisei 13
(平成13年)
Javanese calendar1933–1934
Juche calendar90
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4334
Minguo calendarROC 90
民國90年
Nanakshahi calendar533
Thai solar calendar2544
Tibetan calendar阳金龙年
(male Iron-Dragon)
2127 or 1746 or 974
    — to —
阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
2128 or 1747 or 975
Unix time978307200 – 1009843199

2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2001st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1st year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2000s decade.

The September 11 attacks against the United States by Al-Qaeda, which killed 2,977 people, were a defining event of 2001.[1][2][3] The United States responded by initiating the war on terror[4] and leading a multi-national coalition in an invasion of Afghanistan after the Taliban government did not extradite Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.[5] The invasion ended in December following a transfer of power to the Afghan Interim Administration led by Hamid Karzai.[6]

Internal political conflicts caused changes in leadership in multiple countries, including the assassination of Laurent-Désiré Kabila in the Democratic Republic of the Congo,[7] the Second EDSA Revolution in the Philippines,[8] the massacre of the royal family by the crown prince in Nepal,[9] and civil unrest in Argentina.[10] Other major political events included an escalation in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict,[11] the storming of the Indonesian parliament,[12] the Hainan Island incident between the United States and China,[13] an insurgency in Macedonia,[14] and a terrorist attack on the Parliament of India that began the 2001–2002 India–Pakistan standoff.[15]

Major spaceflight and astronomical events in 2001 included the first asteroid landing,[16] the deorbit of the Russian station Mir,[17] American entrepreneur Dennis Tito becoming the first space tourist aboard the Russian Soyuz TM-32,[18] the discovery of 28978 Ixion in the Kuiper belt,[19] a flyby of Io by the U.S. Galileo probe,[20] and the first discovered atmosphere on an exoplanet.[21] Other scientific achievements included the first sequence of the human genome,[22] the first self-contained artificial heart,[23] and the first clone of a human embryo.[24]

Significant deaths in 2001 included musicians Aaliyah, George Harrison, John Phillips, and Joey Ramone; politicians Phoolan Devi, Laurent-Désiré Kabila, and Ahmad Shah Massoud; writers Douglas Adams and R. K. Narayan; actors Sivaji Ganesan, Carroll O'Connor, Anthony Quinn, and Thuy Trang; athletes Josef Bican, Don Bradman, and Dale Earnhardt; and royal figures King Birendra of Nepal and his son Dipendra, Soraya Esfandiary-Bakhtiary, and Princess Sophie of Greece and Denmark.

2001 was designated as International Year of Volunteers.[25]

Population and economy[edit]

The world population on January 1, 2001 was estimated to be 6,189,855,922 people, and it increased to 6,271,638,043 by January 1, 2002.[26] The average global life expectancy was 66.8 years, an increase of 0.3 years from 2000.[26] The rate of child mortality was 7.58%, a decrease of 0.26% from 2000.[27] 28.25% of people were living in extreme poverty, a decrease of 0.88% from 2000.[28]

2001 marked a decline in international trade by about 1.5%, which was a significant contrast from the 11% increase in 2000, and this was the first negative growth in international trade since 1982. IT industries and the dot-com bubble burst are attributed for the decline in trade.[29]

Events[edit]

January[edit]

February[edit]

433 Eros as seen from the NEAR spacecraft

March[edit]

The taller Buddha of Bamiyan before (left) and after destruction (right)

April[edit]

Two men marrying in Amsterdam on April 1, the first day in which the possibility to marry was opened to same-sex couples

May[edit]

Ferhadija Mosque under reconstruction in 2014

June[edit]

Crown Prince Dipendra of Nepal

July[edit]

MPR speaker Amien Rais congratulates Megawati Sukarnoputri on her appointment as president.

August[edit]

September[edit]

The World Trade Center and the Statue of Liberty just after the September 11 attacks in New York City

October[edit]

Galileo spacecraft true-color image of Io

November[edit]

Xbox console with "Controller S"

December[edit]

U.S. air strikes on Tora Bora

Births[edit]

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January–April[edit]

May–August[edit]

September–December[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[edit]

February[edit]

March[edit]

April[edit]

May[edit]

June[edit]

July[edit]

August[edit]

September[edit]

October[edit]

November[edit]

December[edit]

Nobel Prizes[edit]

Nobel medal.png

References[edit]

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