October 2013 North American storm complex

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October 2013 North American storm complex
Category 3 "Major" (RSI: 9.78)
North American storm complex 5 Oct 2013 2015z.png
The storm complex on October 5
Type Winter storm, Blizzard, Tornado outbreak, Flood
Formed October 3, 2013
Dissipated October 7, 2013
Lowest pressure 1,000 mb (29.53 inHg)
Tornadoes confirmed 22
Max rating1 EF4 tornado
Duration of tornado outbreak2 3 days, 16 hours, 10 minutes
Highest gust 71 mph (114 km/h)[1]
Maximum snowfall or ice accretion 58 inches (1.5 m) Lead, South Dakota[2]
Damage Unknown
Casualties 3 fatalities[3]
Areas affected Intermountain West
Midwestern United States

1Most severe tornado damage; see Enhanced Fujita scale 2Time from first tornado to last tornado

Part of the 2013–14 North American winter

The October 2013 North American storm complex was a blizzard and tornado outbreak that affected the Northwest, Rockies, and much of the Midwest. 22 tornadoes were confirmed as the system moved eastward across the eastern half of the United States, including two that were rated as EF4 on the Enhanced Fujita scale.

Summary of events[edit]

On October 3, 2013, the National Weather Service issued a blizzard warning for Rapid City and the Black Hills in advance of the storm urging people to delay or cancel travel plans.[4]

The snow incident trapped over six dozen people inside of their automobiles and tornadoes injured 17 people in Iowa and Nebraska.[5][6] Rapid City, the second largest city in South Dakota, was engulfed in close to two feet of snow, which exceeds the amount of snow that the city has ever recorded during any whole month of October.[7] Furthermore, on October 4, 2013, the city received over 1.5 feet (0.46 m) of snow, which exceeded the previous one day record in October by more than six inches. Over 20,000 people lost electricity in Black Hills, where more than a meter of watered down, dense snow had fallen. The storm system also included thunderstorms that brought iced precipitation, significant rain and over half a dozen tornadoes to Nebraska and Iowa.[6][8] Two of these tornadoes were violent enough to be rated EF4 on the Enhanced Fujita scale.[9][10] Over 200 miles (320 km) of Interstate 90 was shut down from South Dakota to Wyoming.[11]

The storm affected about 5,000 ranches in western South Dakota producing snow totals as high as 5 feet and 70 mile per hour winds that scattered herds for miles and resulted in the deaths of many cattle due to exhaustion and hypothermia.[12] In a storm South Dakotans called the Cattleman's Blizzard, at least 14,000 cattle, 1300 sheep, 300 horses, and 40 bison were killed with South Dakota ranchers reporting losses of 20 to 50 percent of their herds.[13][14][15] Thousands of people were without power.[16] Three people died in a motor vehicle accident on U.S. Route 20 in Nebraska.[17]

The storm coincided with the United States federal government shutdown of 2013, which limited timely federal response to the disaster.[12]

Confirmed tornadoes[edit]

Confirmed tornadoes by Enhanced Fujita rating
EF0 EF1 EF2 EF3 EF4 EF5 Total
10 6 3 1 2 0 22

October 3 event[edit]

List of confirmed tornadoes - Thursday, October 3, 2013[nb 1]
EF# Location County / Parish State Start Coord. Time (UTC) Path length Max width Damage[nb 2] Summary Refs
EF2 SW of Hickman to N of Palmyra Lancaster, Otoe NE 40°41′N 96°28′W / 40.68°N 96.46°W / 40.68; -96.46 (Hickman (Oct. 3, EF2)) 0308 – 0339 16.5 mi (26.6 km) 300 yd (270 m) N/A Two homes lost large portions of their roofs, and others sustained lesser damage. Trees were downed, and three storage buildings were destroyed. Outbuildings were destroyed and vehicles were moved as well. [18][19]
[20][21]
EF0 SE of Elmwood Otoe NE 40°47′N 96°17′W / 40.78°N 96.29°W / 40.78; -96.29 (Elmwood (Oct. 4, EF0)) 0355 – 0409 4.46 mi (7.18 km) 100 yd (91 m) $0 Tornado touched down south-southwest of Elmwood and moved mostly over open country before lifting east of town. A few trees were downed. [18][19]
[22]

October 4 event[edit]

List of confirmed tornadoes - Friday, October 4, 2013[nb 1]
EF# Location County / Parish State Start Coord. Time (UTC) Path length Max width Damage[nb 2] Summary Refs
EF0 E of Madison Stanton NE 41°52′N 97°20′W / 41.87°N 97.34°W / 41.87; -97.34 (Madison (Oct. 4, EF0)) 2132 – 2142 4.71 mi (7.58 km) 100 yd (91 m) $0 No damage was reported with this tornado as it moved through rural areas southwest of Stanton. [23][24]
EF2 E of Royal Antelope NE 42°14′46″N 98°05′31″W / 42.246°N 98.092°W / 42.246; -98.092 (Royal (Oct. 4, EF2)) 2148 – 2201 6.64 mi (10.69 km) 0.15 mi (240 m) N/A Tornado touched down south-southeast of Royal and ended just to the east-northeast of town. Several farmsteads were damaged (with outbuildings being the primary structures impacted) and numerous trees and power lines were downed. [23][25]
[26]
EF4 SW of Wayne to NNW of Wakefield Wayne, Dixon NE 42°07′41″N 97°04′37″W / 42.128°N 97.077°W / 42.128; -97.077 (Wayne (Oct. 4, EF4)) 2212 – 2253 18.34 mi (29.52 km) 1.36 mi (2.19 km) >$500,000 A large multiple-vortex tornado caused substantial damage along its path. Two farmsteads were struck southwest of Wayne, and many sheds and barns were either damaged or destroyed. Two homes in this area sustained EF3-strength damage as well. The tornado moved into the east side of Wayne, causing severe damage to a softball complex, damaging farm equipment at a dealership, and either damaging or completely destroying many large industrial metal buildings at an industrial park, some of which were either badly mangled or completely reduced to rubble. At this point, the tornado had reached its peak intensity and a few pockets of EF4-strength damage were noted. It then took direct aim on the Wayne Municipal Airport, where two hangars were flattened, several private aircraft were flipped and destroyed, and the AWOS was shredded and scattered over unknown distances. The tornado then caused EF2-type damage to another farmstead before crossing into Dixon County, where it narrowed, weakened, and eventually dissipated after causing roof, window, and siding damage to a few more houses, overturning a camper, and either heavily damaging or destroying a grain bin and numerous farm buildings, as well as farm equipment. Many trees were downed and crops were flattened along the path. Fifteen people were injured by the tornado. John Dunning, Chief Information Officer of Wayne State College, was critically injured, but has since recovered. [23][27]
[28][29]
EF3 SE of Creighton to N of Bazile Mills Antelope, Knox NE 42°26′02″N 97°52′55″W / 42.434°N 97.882°W / 42.434; -97.882 (Creighton (Oct. 4, EF3)) 2220 – 2236 6.43 mi (10.35 km) 590 yd (540 m) N/A Tornado touched down just inside Antelope County (to the south-southeast of Creighton) before moving north and into Knox County, where it dissipated 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Creighton. It was initially weak with damage confined to irrigation systems, siding, and shingles. It strengthened and completely destroyed a building that housed antique trackers (scattering rubble for the equivalent of three city blocks) before hitting the Creighton Municipal Airport, where several buildings were either heavily damaged or destroyed, including three hangars receiving roof, garage, and siding damage and a storage building losing its roof. The airport beacon was blown away as well. The tornado then took a track to the northwest, where a 10,000-bushel grain bin was completely destroyed and five more irrigation systems where destroyed. Many trees were downed, and power poles snapped at their base as well. [23][25]
[30]
EF2 SW of Macy, NE to E of Bronson, IA Thurston (NE), Monona (IA), Woodbury (IA) NE, IA 42°05′N 96°23′W / 42.08°N 96.39°W / 42.08; -96.39 (Macy (Oct. 4, EF2)) 2255 – 2347 25.56 mi (41.13 km) 264 yd (241 m) >$400,000 Long-tracked tornado. Six homes in Macy were either heavily damaged or destroyed, while twelve more homes and one business sustained minor damage. Numerous vehicles, a center pivot irrigation system, and several buildings at farmsteads were damaged as well. The tornado crossed the Missouri River into Iowa west-northwest of Whiting and continued north-northeastward to the west of Sloan, where it spawned a satellite tornado. Two buildings were destroyed southeast of Salix and open-air buildings were severely damaged at a dairy farm east of Salix. Other homes and buildings were either severely damaged or destroyed between Salix and Bronson before the tornado lifted just east of Bronson. Many trees and four power poles were downed, and corn crops were flattened along the path. Two people were injured, both in Thurston County. [23][31]
[32][33]
[34][35]
EF0 NW of Emerson Dakota NE 42°22′N 96°52′W / 42.36°N 96.87°W / 42.36; -96.87 (Emerson (Oct. 4, EF0)) 2259 – 2301 0.64 mi (1.03 km) 50 yd (46 m) $0 Brief tornado with no damage. [23][32]
[36]
EF1 W of Sloan Woodbury IA 42°13′16″N 96°15′47″W / 42.221°N 96.263°W / 42.221; -96.263 (Sloan (Oct. 4, EF1)) 2317 – 2320 1.17 mi (1.88 km) 100 yd (91 m) $20,000 Trees were downed and farm buildings were either damaged or destroyed. This tornado occurred as a satellite to the previous tornado, the EF2 that affected Macy, Nebraska, Sloan, and Bronson. [23][32]
[37]
EF1 NNW of Jackson, NE to SSE of Jefferson, SD Dakota (NE), Union (SD) NE, SD 42°29′31″N 96°35′24″W / 42.492°N 96.590°W / 42.492; -96.590 (Jackson (Oct. 4, EF1)) 2325 – 2335 5.89 mi (9.48 km) 400 yd (370 m) $250,000 Tornado touched down in Dakota County and caused no damage, before crossing the Missouri River into South Dakota, where it damaged homes, overturned an irrigation system, and downed many trees in a subdivision west of McCook Lake before dissipating. One of the homes had a collapsed chimney, carport, porch roof, and walls of a garage, and at least four other houses had roof, siding, and/or gutter damage. [23][32]
[38][39]
EF1 Jefferson, SD area Union (SD), Plymouth (IA) SD, IA 42°34′12″N 96°33′18″W / 42.570°N 96.555°W / 42.570; -96.555 (Jefferson (Oct. 4, EF1)) 2335 – 2345 6.47 mi (10.41 km) 800 yd (730 m) $200,000 Tornado touched down south of Jefferson just after the previous tornado lifted, damaging a feedlot before crossing Interstate 29. The roof and gutters of a house and the walls and roof of at least two storage equipment buildings were severely damaged, a road sign was damaged, several grain bins were either blown over or crushed, trees and power poles were downed, and corn crops were flattened. One of the grain bins was wrapped around a house, causing damage to the roof, siding, and gutters of the house. The tornado tracked in total for 3 miles (4.8 km) in South Dakota before crossing the Big Sioux River into Plymouth County, Iowa and lifting 5 miles (8.0 km) northeast of Jefferson after causing no damage. [23][32]
[40][41]
EF4 SW of Climbing Hill to W of Washta Woodbury, Cherokee IA 42°19′55″N 96°06′36″W / 42.332°N 96.110°W / 42.332; -96.110 (Climbing Hill (Oct. 4, EF4)) 2335 – 0017 24.7 mi (39.8 km) 1.48 mi (2.38 km) $2,010,000 Large, violent tornado tracked northeast through rural Woodbury and Cherokee counties, moving west and north of Climbing Hill, southeast of Moville and Pierson, and northwest of Correctionville before dissipating west of Washta. Numerous houses were either heavily damaged or destroyed, with some losing their entire roofs, having collapse of walls, and being shifted off of their foundations. Many sheds, outbuildings, barns, silos, pieces of farm equipment, and garages were destroyed, and a car was thrown 30 feet (9.1 m). Farm equipment was tossed about 400 yards (370 m) at a farmstead south of Pierson, including a large grain cart that put gouges in a road and had its axle and wheels broken off, and many trees and power lines were downed along the path. [23][42]
[43][44]
EF1 NW of Hinton Plymouth IA 42°40′34″N 96°26′42″W / 42.676°N 96.445°W / 42.676; -96.445 (Hinton (Oct. 4, EF1)) 2350 – 2352 1.11 mi (1.79 km) 100 yd (91 m) N/A Farm buildings were damaged, and trees were downed. [23][32]
[45]
EF0 E of Adaville Plymouth IA 42°45′N 96°23′W / 42.75°N 96.38°W / 42.75; -96.38 (Adaville (Oct. 4, EF0)) 2355 – 2356 1.28 mi (2.06 km) 50 yd (46 m) $0 Brief tornado downed several trees. [23][46]
EF0 NNE of Quimby Cherokee IA 42°41′N 95°37′W / 42.69°N 95.62°W / 42.69; -95.62 (Cherokee (Oct. 4, EF0)) 0041 – 0043 0.55 mi (0.89 km) 50 yd (46 m) $0 Brief tornado with no damage. [23][47]
EF0 SW of Cherokee Cherokee IA 42°43′N 95°35′W / 42.72°N 95.59°W / 42.72; -95.59 (Cherokee (Oct. 4, EF0)) 0046 – 0047 0.4 mi (640 m) 50 yd (46 m) $0 Brief tornado with no damage. [23][48]
EF0 NE of Cherokee Cherokee IA 42°50′N 95°24′W / 42.84°N 95.40°W / 42.84; -95.40 (Cherokee (Oct. 4, EF0)) 0118 – 0119 0.34 mi (550 m) 50 yd (46 m) $0 Brief tornado to the east-southeast of Larrabee caused no damage. [23][49]
EF1 SSW of Alta Buena Vista IA 42°36′11″N 95°21′54″W / 42.603°N 95.365°W / 42.603; -95.365 (Alta (Oct. 4, EF1)) 0133 – 0142 5.45 mi (8.77 km) 200 yd (180 m) $1,200,000 Tornado touched down 5 miles (8.0 km) south-southwest of Alta and ended just outside the south side of town. A few farmsteads were damaged, with a drive-thru garage and several outbuildings suffering significant damage at one farmstead, farm equipment being damaged, a school suffering roof and air conditioning damage, and a baseball complex sustaining considerable damage, including to bleachers. [23][32]
[50]
EF0 NW of Webb Clay IA 42°59′N 95°04′W / 42.98°N 95.06°W / 42.98; -95.06 (Webb (Oct. 4, EF0)) 0147 – 0148 0.71 mi (1.14 km) 100 yd (91 m) $0 Brief tornado to the south-southwest of Gillett Grove downed a few trees. [23][51]

October 5 event[edit]

List of confirmed tornadoes - Saturday, October 5, 2013[nb 1]
EF# Location County / Parish State Start Coord. Time (UTC) Path length Max width Damage[nb 2] Summary Refs
EF0 W of Endeavor Marquette WI 43°42′00″N 89°28′37″W / 43.70002°N 89.47695°W / 43.70002; -89.47695 (Endeavor (Oct. 5, EF0)) 2323 – 2330 1.78 mi (2.86 km) 50 yd (46 m) $55,000 Numerous trees were snapped along with path, with one falling on a vehicle and a house, destroying the vehicle and damaging the roof of the house. Other homes had shingle damage, and a section of metal was peeled off of the roof of a farm house. Corn crops were downed, a farm building was damaged, and a boat was moved as well. [52][53]
[54]
EF0 SW of Obion Obion TN 36°14′N 89°15′W / 36.23°N 89.25°W / 36.23; -89.25 (Elbridge (Oct. 5, EF0)) 2352 – 2353 0.18 mi (0.29 km) 25 yd (23 m) $0 Brief tornado in an open field just north of the Obion River caused no damage. [52][55]

October 7 event[edit]

List of confirmed tornadoes - Monday, October 7, 2013[nb 1]
EF# Location County / Parish State Start Coord. Time (UTC) Path length Max width Damage[nb 2] Summary Refs
EF1 Paramus Bergen NJ 40°55′54″N 74°05′33″W / 40.9317°N 74.0926°W / 40.9317; -74.0926 (Paramus (Oct. 7, EF1)) 1916 – 1918 1.25 mi (2.01 km) 100 yd (91 m) $30,000 Trees were downed in George Washington Memorial Park (a cemetery) and across adjoining golf courses – the Paramus Golf Course and the Ridgewood Country Club. [56][57]
[58]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d All dates are based on the local time zone where the tornado touched down; however, all times are in Coordinated Universal Time for consistency.
  2. ^ a b c d All damage totals are in 2013 USD unless otherwise stated. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Damage" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).

References[edit]

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  2. ^ John Lee McLaughlin (October 8, 2013). "October 3-5, 2013 Blizzard over northeast Wyoming and western South Dakota". National Weather Service. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  3. ^ Dirk Lammers (October 4, 2013). "Storm Brings Snow, Tornadoes to Great Plains". ABC News. Associated Press. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
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