Ocular larva migrans
|Ocular larva migrans|
|Other names||Ocular toxocariasis|
|Puppies are a major source of environmental contamination with Toxocara eggs|
Ocular larva migrans (OLM), also known as ocular toxocariasis, is the ocular form of the larva migrans syndrome that occurs when Toxocara canis (dog roundworm) larvae invade the eye. They may be associated with visceral larva migrans. Unilateral visual disturbances, strabismus, and eye pain are the most common presenting symptoms.
The disease presents with an eosinophilic granulomatous mass, most commonly in the posterior pole of the retina. The granulomatous mass develops around the entrapped larva, in an attempt to contain the spread of the larva.
ELISA testing of intraocular fluids has been demonstrated to be of great value in diagnosing ocular toxocariasis.
The eye involvement can cause the following inflammatory disorders:
In contrast to visceral larva migrans, ocular toxocariasis usually develops in older children or young adults with no history of pica. These patients seldom have eosinophilia or visceral manifestations.