Odakyū Odawara Line
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The Odakyu Odawara Line (小田急小田原線 Odakyū-Odawara-sen?) is the main line of Japanese private railway operator Odakyu Electric Railway. It extends 82.5 km from Shinjuku in central Tokyo through the southwest suburbs to the city of Odawara, the gateway to Hakone in Kanagawa Prefecture. It is a busy commuter line and is also known for its "Romancecar" limited express services. From Yoyogi-Uehara Station some trains continue onto the Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line and beyond to the East Japan Railway Company Joban Line.
Destinations are from Shinjuku unless noted. English abbreviations are tentative for this article.
- (特急 tokkyū?) Limited Express
- Collectively known as "Romancecar" services, there is an extra seat charge for limited express service. Trains bound for: Odawara; Katase-Enoshima on the Enoshima Line; Karakida on the Tama Line; Hakone-Yumoto on the Hakone Tozan Railway; and Gotemba on the Central Japan Railway Company Gotemba Line.
- (快速急行 kaisoku kyūkō?) (RE) Rapid Express
- No extra charge. Most services are for Fujisawa on the Odakyu Enoshima Line.
- (急行 kyūkō?) (E) Express
- Most services are for Odawara; others for Katase-Enoshima and through to the Hakone Tozan Line. Some inbound morning services from Karakida run through on the Chiyoda and Joban Lines.
- (多摩急行 tama kyūkō?) (TE) Tama Express
- Services from Ayase on the Chiyoda Line to Karakida.
- (準急 junkyū?) (SE) Semi-Express
- Services for Odawara and Hon-Atsugi. Some inbound morning services run through on the Chiyoda and Joban Lines.
- (各駅停車 kakueki teisha?) Local
- Most services for Hon-Atsugi; others to Odawara, through to Katase-Enoshima and the Tama and Hakone Tozan lines. Also service between Shin-Matsuda to Hakone-Yumoto
- See the Romancecar article for information on Odakyu Romancecar limited express services.
- Local trains stop at every station.
- ● - all trains stop at this station; ■ - some trains stop at this station;｜- all trains pass
- "SE" - Semi-Express; "TE" - Tama Express; "E" - Express; "RE" - Rapid Express
|Shinjuku||新宿||-||0.0||●||To Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line||●||●||Shinjuku||Tokyo|
|Through to Chiyoda Line and Joban Line:|
|Yoyogi-Uehara||代々木上原||0.8||3.5||●||●||●||●||Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line (C-01)|
|Shimo-Kitazawa||下北沢||0.7||4.9||●||●||●||●||Keio Inokashira Line|
|Gōtokuji||豪徳寺||0.7||7.0||｜||｜||｜||｜||Tokyu Setagaya Line (Yamashita)|
|Noborito||登戸||0.8||15.2||●||●||●||｜||■ Nambu Line||Tama-ku, Kawasaki||Kanagawa|
|Shin-Yurigaoka||新百合ヶ丘||1.0||21.5||●||●||●||●||Odakyu Tama Line (through to Karakida from Shinjuku/Chiyoda Line)|
|Kakio||柿生||1.9||23.4||●||To Tama Line||｜||｜|
|Machida||町田||2.9||30.8||●||●||●||■ Yokohama Line|
|Sagami-Ōno||相模大野||1.5||32.3||●||●||●||Odakyu Enoshima Line (through to Katase-Enoshima from Shinjuku/Machida)||Minami-ku, Sagamihara||Kanagawa|
Sotetsu Main Line
|Shin-Matsuda||新松田||6.2||71.8||●||●||●||Gotemba Line (Matsuda)||Matsuda,
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The Odawara Express Railway Co. opened the entire line on April 1, 1927 in order to allow for the Emperor's family to travel on the line, though as duplication works were not completed until October that year, there was initial timetable and signalling issues. Although primarily intended as a passenger line, gravel began to be hauled in 1930.
In 1942, the company was forcibly merged by the government with Tokyu Corporation and the line was named the Tokyu Odawara Line. Tokyu was broken up in 1948 and the line was transferred to the newly founded Odakyu Electric Railway Co.
Through operation to the Hakone Tozan Railway's Hakone Tozan Line began in 1950 once dual gauge track was commissioned (the Hakone Tozan Line is 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in), the Odawara Line 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)). A connecting track was laid in 1955 to Matsuda Station on the Gotemba Line of the (then) Japanese National Railways, and limited express service through to the line started. To function as a bypass to central Tokyo, through service on the Eidan Subway (now Tokyo Metro) Chiyoda Line commenced in 1978 via Yoyogi-Uehara.
Increasing traffic volume since the 1970s led to plans being formed in 1985 for a track upgrading project on the Odawara Line, though land acquisition issues stalled major track expansion work until construction began in 2013; the project is being carried out between Yoyogi-Uehara and Mukōgaoka-Yūen, quadrupling the Odawara Line trackage and stacking the tracks underground, allowing for increased express services. Originally a viaduct was planned but this was changed to underground tracks, and work on the tunnel between Setagaya-Daita and Higashi-Kitazawa is ongoing. In March 2013, Odakyū announced that the construction is projected to continue until 2018.
Former connecting lines
- Setagaya-Daita Station: A 1,067 mm gauge line electrified at 1,500 V DC operated to Shindaita on the Keio Inokashira Line between 1945 and 1952.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
- Odakyu ridership in 2010 Train Media (sourced from Odakyu) Retrieved May 28, 2012.
- Ministry of Finance Japan. "Examples of FILP-target Projects: Construction Projects of Private Rail Lines (Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (Construction Account))". Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency. "About JRTT: Urban Railways" (PDF). Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- "小田急、代々木上原駅～梅ヶ丘駅間の複々線化で工事期間を2018年度まで延長" [Odakyu, extend the construction period until fiscal 2018 by a quadruple track between station and umegaoka station Yoyogi-Uehara]. March 14, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
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