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Borough of Kristiansand
View of the Varodd Bridge
View of the Varodd Bridge
Coat of arms of Oddernes
Coat of arms
Location of Oddernes borough, shown in yellow. Districts: 18-Tveit, 17-Søm, 16-Hånes, 15-Randesund.
Location of Oddernes borough, shown in yellow. Districts: 18-Tveit, 17-Søm, 16-Hånes, 15-Randesund.
Coordinates: 58°10′30″N 8°06′27″E / 58.1749°N 08.1076°E / 58.1749; 08.1076Coordinates: 58°10′30″N 8°06′27″E / 58.1749°N 08.1076°E / 58.1749; 08.1076
RegionSouthern Norway
 • Total19,800
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code prefix
460*, 462*, 463*, 465*, 477*, 469*

Oddernes is a borough in the municipality of Kristiansand in Vest-Agder county, Norway. The borough covers eastern Kristiansand on the east side of the Topdalsfjorden and the Varodd Bridge. The borough includes the former municipalities of Randesund and Tveit. There was a municipality of Oddernes from 1838 until 1965, but its boundaries were very different from those of the present-day borough.


The borough (originally the parish) is named after the old Oddernæs farm (Old Norse: Otruness). The first part of the name comes from its location along the Otra river, and nes means peninsula, so the peninsula along the Otra river.[1][2]


Districts and neighborhoods[edit]

Oddernes borough is divided up into four districts. Each district is also divided up into neighborhoods.

List of districts in Oddernes
Nr District Population [3] Map
1 Søm 10,950 Kristiansand-boroughs-som.png
2 Hånes 4,200 Kristiansand-boroughs-hanes.png
3 Randesund 2,900 Kristiansand-boroughs-randesund.png
4 Tveit 1,880 Kristiansand-boroughs-tveit.png
List of neighborhoods in Oddernes:


Strømme Centrum is the largest urban centre in Oddernes, it is located in Søm and is the centrum for Søm and Randesund. There is Regional Psychiatric Centre there along with other health stations. Randesund Police Station, which is a police station for Oddernes. Søm Church is located there along with Randesund Free Church. Randesund IL has their football stadium there, next to an indoor swimming pool. Strømme School is an elementary school located there. Østbyen Dagsenter is a retirement home. There is also two kindergartens in the centrum.

Hamresanden is a centrum for the district of Tveit. It has a fast-food restaurant, a grocery store, a gas station and local stores along with Tveit Free Church.



Haumyrheia Skole
List of schools in Oddernes
Name Location Type [4]
Dvergsnes skole Dvergsnes Elementary school
Haumyrheia skole Søm Junior High
Heståsen skole Hånes Elementary
Holte skole Tømmerstø Elementary
Hånes skole Hånes Elementary
Kringsjå skole Randesund Elementary
Strømme skole Strømme Elementary
Sørlandet Maritime videregående Tømmerstø High School
Vardåsen skole Søm Elementary
Ve skole Tveit Elementary and Junior High
Vigvoll skole Vigvoll Junior High


Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik is located at Tveit and is the main airport serving Kristiansand and Southern Norway. In 2014 there were around 1 million travelers. The airport is served with domestic routes to some of Norway's largest cities and international routes to European cities and some charter flights to southern Europe.[5]

European route E18 is the main road and a highway, it goes through Oddernes from the neighbor municipality and county Lillesand, Aust-Agder. E18 goes past the zoo and Sørlandsparken, then between Hånes and Søm before exiting the borough on the bridge Varoddbrua to Lund. Norwegian National Road 41 comes from Birkenes municipality and enters Kristiansand north in Tveit. The road also connects to the airport and ends with E18 at Timenes. County road 401 goes from E18 at Rona and through Søm and Randesund before exiting Kristiansand to Høvåg in Lillesand. In Lillesand County road 401 meets the County road 420 witch stars with Sørlandsparken in Kristiansand and ends in Arendal, Aust-Agder. County road 420 used to be the old E18 before the new one opened in 2009.[6]

List of notable roads in Oddernes
Route Destination
E18 Oslo - Sørlandsparken - Haumyrheia - Downtown
Rv41 Birkeland - Timenes
Rv451 Kristiansand Airport, Kjevik - Kjevik
Fv3 Søm - Frikstad - Drangestrand
Fv4 Tømmerstø - Kongshaven
Fv10 Strømme - Korsvik
Fv11 Holte - Frikstad
Fv401 Rona - Randesund
Fv420 Arendal - Lillesand - Sørlandsparken
Fv453 Ålefjær - Ryen

Buses in Oddernes is mostly served by routes 01, M1, M2, M3, 17, 18, 35, 36, 37, 100 and 139. These routes goes all day and extra in the rush hours, while the others goes only to certain times. Regional buses to Oslo stops at one stop in Oddernes, Håneskrysset, before continuing.

Local bus transportation from/through Oddernes
Line Destination [7]
01 Sørlandsparken - Kvadraturen
M1 Sørlandsparken-Dyreparken IKEA - Flekkerøy
A1 Sørlandsparken - Kvadraturen
A2 Hånes - Kvadraturen
A3 Søm - Kvadraturen
A24 Skibåsen - Kvadraturen
A26 Sørlandsparken - Voiebyen
M2 Hånes - Voiebyen
M2 Hånes - Kvadraturen
M2 Sørlandssenteret - Lauvåsen - Hånes - Voiebyen
M2 Hånes / Kjevik-Tveit - Voiebyen
N2 Hånes - Lund - Kvadraturen
N3 Søm - Slettheia
N17 Tømmerstø - Kvadraturen
M3 Søm - Slettheia
N3 Søm - Slettheia
08 Rona - Randesund
17 Tømmerstø - Hellemyr
17 Tømmerstø-Frikstad - Hellemyr
18 Tømmerstø Odderhei-Holte - Hellemyr
18 Dvergsnes - Hellemyr
A18 Tømmerstø Odderhei-Holte - Eg-Sykehuset
35 Kristiansand - Kjevik-Brattvollsheia
35 Kristiansand - Kjevik-Brattvollsheia / Grødum
35 Rona - Kjevik-Tveit
36 Kristiansand - Tveit-Grødum
36 Ve - Tveit-Grødum
37 Kristiansand - Birkeland
37 Kristiansand - Birkeland om Dønnestad
100 Kristiansand - Lillesand - Grimstad - Arendal
139 Høvåg-Lillesand - Kristiansand
220 Ve - Solsletta-Grødum-Dønnestad
266 Søm - Kristiansand Cathedral School
900 Farsund-Mandal - Kristiansand - Kjevik


Kardemommeby in Kristiansand Zoo and Amusement Park

Kristiansand Zoo and Amusement Park is the largest zoo in Norway and the second most visited tourist attraction in Norway after Holmenkollen, Oslo. The park also includes a tivoli and a waterpark. There are some hotels located in the area for visitors. Abrahavn is a resort in the zoo.[8]

Hamresanden Beach

Randesund is a popular vacation area with a lot of cabins for rent at small islands or on the mainland. Hamresanden camping is a popular camping place with the beach. There is also a bible camp there. Kristiansand Travpark is a racetrack located between the zoo and Sørlandsparken.


Sørlandsparken is located in Oddernes. The industrial shopping park includes Norway's largest mall Sørlandssenteret with over 195 stores. Other large brands like IKEA, Burger King, Toys R Us and car dealerships is located around the mall.[9]

Rona Mall is a local mall located at Rona, Søm. The mall includes a fitness center, dentist, pharmacy, grocery store and a hair salon. On top of the mall, there is apartments. Rona Mall is located off the highway E18 and besides County Road 401.

Hånes Mall is a small local mall for the neighborhoods at Hånes, it is a part of an apartment building and has a grocery store and a hair salon. Hånes Mall is located in the neighborhood Vigvoll.

Lauvåsen Mall is a mall with a fitness center and hair salon. It is located off Norwegian National Road 41 between Grovikheia and Landauvåsen.



There are four churches in Oddernes. In Randesund, Randesund Church was built in 1864, it has a capacity of 450 people and is located at Frikstad. The church is built out of tree and there is a graveyard with the church. Søm Church was built in 2004. The windows was designed by Kjell Nupen and has a capacity of 400 people. The church was Kristiansand's "Thousand years building" since the construction started in the new millennium (Year 2000).

Hånes Church was built in 1986, it has the capacity of 300 people and built by bricks, there is no graveyard with Hånes church. Tveit Church is the oldest church in Oddernes, it was built in 1100 by stone. In 1831, a tower was built on the top of the church and in 1867 a restaurant was built in the church. Tveit church has a capacity of 450 people, there is a graveyard with the church and it is a nave church. The church is located with Ryen of Norwegian National Road 41.

Oddernes Church is not located in the Oddernes borough, but in the neighboring Lund borough with the University. The reason is that Lund was a part of the Oddernes municipality before it became a part of Kristiansand, and since then the borders of the boroughs have been re-drawn.


Society and environment[edit]

Skippergada is a maritime natural canal in Randøya

Oddernes mostly consists of neighborhoods and farms. The Tveit area and large parts of Randesund are more agricultural, while the districts of Søm and Hånes and the neighborhoods of Tømmerstø and Hamresanden are all in the urban zone.

Randesund includes large parts of the Southern Norway archipelago. It is also popular to have a cottage on the shore of Randesund. Populated islands off the shore of Randesund are Herøya and Randøya. Tømmerstø, Rabbesvik, Holte, Odderhei and Dvergsnes all fall within the part of Randesund known as Tømmerstø. This part of Randesund consisst of typical Norwegian neighborhoods, but with a bit larger houses and has been criticized as an upper-middle-class neighborhood, especially Dvergsnes. Aside from the suburban areas in Tømmerstø, Randesund is mostly agricultural as one approaches Lillesand. Randesund has 2,000 people, of whom 7% come from a non-Norwegian background, the lowest percentagein Kristiansand and second to last on the list of most populated immigrant places in Kristiansand after Gimlekollen and before Flekkerøy.

Søm mostly consists of neighborhoods from the 1970s. Søm only has 10% non-Norwegian citizens and is one of the areas in Kristiansand with the lowest lowest percentage of immigrants, despite being the most populated part of Oddernes with 9,000 people. Søm is a typical urban neighborhood of a city.

Hånes also mostly consist of neighborhoods. Some of Norway's most expensive properties were sold on Hånestangen. Other than that, Hånes has a wide range of apartment buildings and typical Norwegian neighborhoods. Hånes has a population of 4,000 of whom 18% come from a non-Norwegian background, meaning Hånes is the place in Oddernes with most immigrants, and the sixth most popular place for immigrants in Kristiansand after Tinnheia.

Tveit is the largest part of the borough by area, but it also has the smallest population of only about 1,000 people. Tveit is home to most of the farms in Kristiansand and only a few residential neighborhoods like Hamresanden, Brattvollsheia, and Solsletta.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Oddernes" (in Norwegian). Store norske leksikon. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
  2. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1912). Norske gaardnavne: Lister og Mandals amt (in Norwegian) (9 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 9.
  3. ^ "Befolkning i Kristiansand". ssb.no. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
  4. ^ "MinSkole".
  5. ^ "Avinor - Kristiansand Lufthavn, Kjevik" (in Norwegian). Avinor. Retrieved 2015-01-01.
  6. ^ "Statens Vegvesen". vegvesen.no. Retrieved 2015-01-01.
  7. ^ "AKT".
  8. ^ "Kristiansand Dyrepark" (in Norwegian). Kristiansand Zoo and Amusement Park. Retrieved 2015-01-01.
  9. ^ "Sørlandssenteret". sorlandssenteret.no. Retrieved 2015-01-01.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]