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Odell Elliott Brown Jr. (February 2, 1941 – May 3, 2011) was an American jazz organist. He was mainly active in the late 1960s and early 1970s, playing in a soul jazz and jazz funk vein, initially appearing with his backing band as Odell Brown & the Organ-Izers.
Brown was born in Louisville, Kentucky. He started playing the piano aged 4 as his mother was a part-time piano teacher. His father bought him a baby grand piano. After playing in various junior and senior high school bands, he went to Nashville, Tennessee and met musicians attending Tennessee State A&M. Wishing to enroll himself, his plans were soon curtailed when he was drafted into the army where he joined the Army Post Band. During this period, he gained valuable insight into arranging and orchestrating.
After leaving the army, Brown moved to Chicago where he was re-united with some of the musicians from his Nashville days. They formed a band becoming known as "The Organ-Izers" and within two years, were signed to Chess Records' jazz subsidiary label, Cadet. The band's personnel was O'Dell Brown, organ, Artee "Duke" Payne and Tommy Purvis, tenor saxophones, Curtis Prince, drums. Their debut album was titled 'Raising The Roof' in 1966 followed by their most popular record, 1967's Mellow Yellow, which reached #173 on the Billboard 200. Third album, 'Ducky' was the last to feature the band.
While at Chess, Brown was not only signed to the label but also worked as a staff musician playing and arranging for a wealth of other artists and gaining great insight and expertise into other styles of music. After the death of Leonard Chess in 1969, Brown decided not to re-sign with the label and during the 1970s, pursued a solo career as an independent arranger, producer and studio musician. During this period, he worked with artists such as Minnie Ripperton (with whom he arranged and conducted an album on Epic records), Curtis Mayfield, Johnny Nash and Marvin Gaye (both live and in the studio). Brown also co-wrote Marvin Gaye's hit single "Sexual Healing" winning two Grammy awards. He went on to receive further awards recognising his many talents, later in life.
- Odell Brown & The Organ-izers
- Raising the Roof (Cadet Records, 1966)
- Mellow Yellow (Cadet, 1967)
- Ducky (Cadet, 1967)
- The Weight / Think About It (Cadet, 1968) Non-LP 7" single
- Odell Brown
- Odell Brown Plays Otis Redding (Cadet, 1969)
- Free Delivery (Cadet, 1970)
- Odell Brown (Paula Records, 1974)
- Christmas Greetings (Edge Records)
- Go Tell It On The Mountain (Edge Records)
- With Dorothy Ashby
- Dorothy's Harp (Cadet, 1969)
- With Richard Evans
- Dealing With Hard Times (Atlantic, 1972)
- With Cleveland Eaton
- Plenty Good Eaton (Black Jazz, 1975)
- With Marvin Gaye
- Marvin Gaye Live! (Tamla, 1976)
- Live at the London Palladium (Tamla, 1977)
- Midnight Love (CBS Records, 1982)
- With Eddie Harris
- Soul in the Night (Cadet, 1966)