|Rundata ID||Vs 24|
Text – Native
|Text – English|
|Runestones – Runic alphabet
Runology – Runestone styles
The runic text carved on the serpent of the Odendisa Runestone contains a poem in fornyrðislag and is one of few runestones raised for a woman, and the only one in Sweden with a verse commemorating a woman.
There will come
Note that she was the one "who arranges the estate." This runic inscription is a reference to the centrality of women in early medieval Scandinavian ("Viking") society where the woman was in charge of the estates and the homesteads and wore the keys of the buildings.
The Odendisa Runestone was carved by Red-Balli, a famous runemaster who was active in the region around lake Mälaren in the second half of the 11th century. The name Red-Balli is indicated by the runes roþbalir, which is not part of the main text carved on the serpent but starts a separate outer text band at the lower left of the inscription. This stone is classified as being carved in runestone style Pr4, also known as the Urnes style. This runestone style is characterized by slim and stylized animals that are interwoven into tight patterns. The animal heads are typically seen in profile with slender almond-shaped eyes and upwardly curled appendages on the noses and the necks.
In modern times, the stone is mentioned as early as the 1660s. According to tradition, a farmer discovered the runestone while he plowed the field. A few years later it cracked into two parts, but it was mended in 1900 and raised anew at its present location.
Transliteration of the runes into Latin characters
- buonti × kuþr × hulmkoetr × lit × resa × ufteʀ × oþintisu × kunu × seno × kumbr × hifrya × til × hasuimura × iki betr × þon × byi raþr roþbalir × risti × runi × þisa × sikmuntaʀ × uaʀ ... sestʀ × kuþ
Transcription into Old Norse
- Boandi goðr Holmgautr let ræisa æftiʀ Oðindisu, kunu sina. Kumbʀ hifrøya til Hasvimyra æigi bætri, þan byi raðr. Rauð-Balliʀ risti runiʀ þessaʀ. Sigmundaʀ vaʀ [Oðindisa] systiʀ goð.
Translation in English
- The good husbandman Holmgautr had (the stone) raised in memory of Óðindísa, his wife. There will come to Hassmyra no better housewife, who arranges the estate. Red-Balli carved these runes. Óðindísa was a good sister to Sigmundr.
- Jesch, Judith (1991). Women in the Viking Age. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-85115-360-5.
- Gräslund, Anna-Sofie (2001). "The Position of Iron-Age Scandinavian Women: Evidence from the Graves and Runestones". In Arnold, Bettina; Wicker, Nancy L. Gender and the Archaeology of Death. Cumnor Hill (Oxford): AltaMira Press. pp. 84–86. ISBN 0-7591-0137-X.
- Project Samnordisk Runtextdatabas Svensk Archived 2011-08-11 at WebCite - Rundata entry for Vs 24.
- A Swedish site on the runestone.
- A second Swedish site.
- The entry for the stone at Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages.