Number of locations
|114 (United Kingdom)
|United Kingdom and Ireland|
|Paul Donovan (Group Chief executive officer)|
|Parent||Odeon Cinemas Group|
Odeon is a cinema company operating in the United Kingdom and Ireland, which along with UCI Cinemas is part of the Odeon Cinemas Group. It uses the famous name of the Odeon cinema circuit first introduced in Britain in 1930.
The first Odeon cinema was opened by Oscar Deutsch in 1928, in Brierley, Staffordshire, although initially called "Picture House". The first cinema to use the Odeon brand name was Deutsch's cinema at Perry Barr, Birmingham in 1930. Ten years later Odeon was part of the Rank Organisation who continued their ownership of the circuit for a further sixty years. Through a number of sales and acquisitions in the early 2000s the company was purchased by Terra Firma, which merged Odeon and UCI Cinemas to form Odeon UCI Cinemas Group. Most UCI cinemas then took the Odeon brand name in 2006. Terra Firma sold the company to AMC Theatres in November 2016.
Odeon Cinemas was created in 1928 by Oscar Deutsch. Odeon publicists liked to claim that the name of the cinemas was derived from his motto, "Oscar Deutsch Entertains Our Nation", but it had been used for cinemas in France and Italy in the 1920s, and the word is actually Ancient Greek. The name "Nickelodeon" was coined in 1905 and was widely used to describe small cinemas in the United States during that era.
However the company is most associated with J. Arthur Rank, the owner for the longest period in its history.
The first cinema opened by Oscar Deutsch was located in Brierley Hill, Staffordshire, England in 1928. The building has long since been demolished, but as of 2006, the former UCI Cinema (built in the 1980s as an AMC multiplex) at the Merry Hill Shopping Centre in Brierley Hill was refurbished as an Odeon Cinema. However, its style is more functional than that of original Odeon cinemas, with the company now being managed by the largely multiplex style UCI group.
The first cinema that opened under the "Odeon" brand was located in Perry Barr, Birmingham. It was designed by Harry Weedon. The frontage was remodelled following damage sustained during the Second World War and, having been a bingo hall, has since been converted into a conference venue.
By 1930, "Odeon" was a household name and the cinemas known for their maritime-inspired Art Deco architecture. This style was first used in 1930 on the cinema at Perry Barr in Birmingham, which was bought by Deutsch to expand the chain. He liked the style so much that he commissioned the architect, Harry Weedon, to design his future buildings. George Coles was also one of their principal architects, remodelling a partially complete assembly hall in Portslade and designing his first purpose-built cinema in Upper Wickham Lane, Welling, Kent which opened on 22 October 1934 and closed on 22 October 1960. It is currently a bingo club in the Mecca chain. It featured central linear lighting, a feature that became characteristic of his work.
In 1935, Oscar Deutsch commissioned John Maltby (1910–80), a professional photographer, to photograph every cinema in the Odeon chain at that time. The resulting collection, of internal and external photographs, is held in the public archive of English Heritage and can be seen online.
By the time of Oscar Deutsch's death in 1941, 258 Odeons had opened throughout Britain. After the sale to J. Arthur Rank Corporation, Odeon also operated a wholly owned Canadian subsidiary, Odeon Theatres (Canada) Ltd., with more than a hundred cinemas in Canada, coast-to-coast. The head office of Odeon Canada was in Toronto, and later, the north Toronto suburb of Willowdale, Ontario. This business was sold in 1978 to the Canadian Theatres chain and became Canadian Odeon Theatres, then was sold again in 1984 to Cineplex, forming Cineplex Odeon (now, once again, Cineplex). It also owned fifty percent of an Australian subsidiary, Greater Union Organisation, based in Sydney, with dozens of cinemas across Australia. The Rank Organisation's share of Greater Union Organisation was sold to Amalgamated Holdings Ltd., an Australian company, also in 1984; Greater Union Organisation is now known as Event Cinemas.
Each Odeon cinema had a character different from most other cinemas in the UK, often having a unique and spectacular interior. They also ran their own advertising company, called Rank Screen Advertising, in competition with the UK market leader Pearl & Dean, which it eventually overtook. Rank Screen Advertising was later rebranded as Cinema Media before being taken over by Carlton Communications and became Carlton Screen Advertising. In 2008, Odeon, along with rival chain Cineworld, bought back the company and today it is known as Digital Cinema Media.
A smaller number of Odeon cinemas opened in the post-war years (Odeon Marble Arch and Odeon Elephant & Castle being notable instances), but many single-screen cinemas either closed, sub-divided into smaller screens or were converted into other uses, such as bingo.
Since the turn of the century, Odeon has undergone a series of sales after the Rank Group needed cash injections to reduce their debt, firstly to Cinven which merged Odeon with Cinven's ABC Cinemas. In 2004, the chain was purchased by Terra Firma and merged with United Cinemas International to produce the largest cinema chain in Europe. As a condition of the merger (imposed by the Office of Fair Trading), Odeon's Newcastle upon Tyne, Sutton Coldfield, Poole, Quinton, Hemel Hempstead and Bromley cinemas were sold to Empire Cinemas. Many smaller, older cinemas such as Odeon Grimsby on Freeman Street were closed to keep market-share within legal limits. The remaining UCI cinemas, including thefilmworks brands, were rebranded as Odeon from 4 November 2005.
UCI cinemas in Ireland have also joined the Odeon chain, and while they initially retained the UCI brand name, evidence of the merger became apparent, for example when booking tickets by credit card, the name "Odeon" appears, as well as some dual branded campaigns. The Odeon in-house film review magazine, "Onscreen", is now also distributed in UCI cinemas, retaining the Odeon logo font throughout. In August 2007, UCI launched a new Irish website with an identical layout to odeon.co.uk. This website stated that the Irish cinemas were sold to an Irish group, Entertainment Enterprises, in September 2006. This transaction went unreported in the Irish media. It also stated that the cinemas remain part of the Odeon chain under a management contract. Rank/Odeon previously ran cinemas in Ireland (including the flagship, the Savoy Cinema in O'Connell Street) until 1982, when they were purchased by Ward Anderson. In April 2008, Entertainment Enterprises announced that it purchased the Irish assets of Storm Cinemas, and as with the existing UCI chain, would be contracting the running of the cinemas to Odeon. On 31 May 2011, Odeon announced that it had bought back the UCI chain in Ireland (including the Storm Cinemas-branded locations) from Entertainment Enterprises. Odeon rebranded all of its Irish cinemas under the Odeon brand during 2012; the first rebranded cinema reopened on 27 March 2012.
In 2007 Odeon acquired 10 cinemas in Italy. It is now the largest cinema chain in Europe. In March 2012, the Odeon & UCI Cinemas Group under Terra Firma's control reported a £70 million loss for the year 2011, as posted on Companies House.
In July 2016, the company was bought for $921 million by U.S AMC Theaters, which is owned by Chinese conglomerate Wanda Group, subject to European Commission approval. The deal received approval from the European Commission on 17 November 2016, and was completed on 30 November 2016.
On 5 March 2016, "Limitless" was rolled out nationwide on a 12-month contract basis scheme which allows members to see regular-2D screenings as often as they want for £17.99 per month (£19.99 in Central London).
Odeon is currently the largest cinema chain in Britain. ODEON have plans for further expansion within the UK. However, as of 2015 construction on many projects slowed down, with some halted completely, partly due to the sale by parent company Tera Firma, and partly due to current market conditions.
Most Odeon cinemas have a Costa Coffee shop, a Ben & Jerry's ice cream kiosk, a bar area and an IMAX auditorium. In 2016, Odeon switched its soft drinks supplier to Coca Cola, ending a long-standing partnership with Pepsi.
|Andover||5||Digital AES Sound||Screen 5 has restricted viewing|
|Aylesbury||6||Digital AES Sound|
|Ayr||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Banbury||2||Digital AES Sound|
|Basingstoke||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Bath||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Beckenham||6||Digital AES Sound||Screens 2 & 6 have height restricted Row/Seat numbers|
|Belfast||8||Digital AES Sound|
|BFI London IMAX||1||11,600-watt digital surround-sound system||The BFI IMAX is the biggest cinema screen in the UK|
|Birmingham – Broadway Plaza||11 + 1 Isense||Dolby Surround Sound / Dolby ATMOS|
|Birmingham Odeon – New Street||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Blackpool||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Bournemouth||9 + 1 Isense||Dolby AES 7.1 / Dolby ATMOS||Screen 5 contains kids play area, screens 1-4 and 6-9 contain reclining VIP seats|
|Bracknell||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Braehead||11 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Bridgend||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Brighton||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Bristol||3||Digital AES Sound|
|Bromborough||7||Digital AES Sound||All screens contain VIP reclining seats.|
|Bromborough - The Lounge||4||Digital AES Sound||Plan postponed indefinitely - similar concept to Whiteleys Lounge (18+). Part of existing cinema complex|
|Camden||5||Digital AES Sound|
|Canterbury||2||Digital AES Sound|
|Cardiff||18 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Chatham||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Chelmsford||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Colchester||8||Digital AES Sound||Screens 3-8 have restricted height views from some rows.|
|Covent Garden||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Coventry||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Crewe||5||Digital AES Sound|
|Darlington||3||Digital AES Sound|
|Derby||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Dorchester||3||Digital AES Sound|
|Dudley (Merry Hill)||10||Digital AES Sound||Screens 4, 5, 6 & 7 all contain reclining VIP seats.|
|Dumfries||1||Digital AES Sound|
|Dundee||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Dunfermline||10||Digital AES Sound|
|East Kilbride||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Edinburgh – Lothian Road||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Edinburgh – Wester Hailes||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Edinburgh – Fort Kinnaird||7||Digital AES Sound/ 1 x Dolby ATMOS Sound System|
|Epsom||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Exeter||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Glasgow Quay||12||Digital AES Sound|
|Greenwich||16 + 2 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Guildford||9||Digital AES Sound||Some seats are height restricted|
|Harrogate||5||Digital AES Sound||Some seats are height restricted|
|Hastings||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Hatfield||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Hereford||6||Digital AES Sound|
|Holloway||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Huddersfield||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Hull||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Kettering||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Kilmarnock||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Kingston||14 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS||Screen 15 all reclining VIP seats, Croma Pizza food served.|
|Lee Valley||12||Digital AES Sound|
|Leeds-Bradford||13||Digital AES Sound|
|Leicester||12||Digital AES Sound|
|Lincoln||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Liverpool One||17 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Liverpool – Switch Island||12||Digital AES Sound|
|Llanelli||5||Dolby CP750 Digital sound|
|London – Leicester Square||1 + 5 studios||Digital AES Sound||Screen 1 is the largest single-screen cinema in the UK with 1683 seats.|
|London - Marble Arch||5||Digital AES Sound||Closed|
|London – West End||2||Digital AES Sound||Currently closed for redevelopment, reopens in 2018.|
|Loughborough||6||Digital AES Sound||Some seats have height restrictions|
|Maidenhead||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Maidstone||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Manchester||19 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Mansfield||8||Digital AES Sound|
|MetroCentre||16 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Milton Keynes – MK Stadium||8 + 1 IMAX + 2 iSense||Digital AES Sound/ 2 x Dolby ATMOS Sound System/ IMAX SONICS||Screen 9 contains kids play area. Screens 1 & 11 are iSense|
|Newark||5||Digital AES Sound|
|Northwich - Barons Quay||4 + 1 iSense||Digital AES Sound||Screen 5 is iSense and all seats in this screen are premier|
|Norwich||17 +1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Nuneaton||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Oldham||7||Digital AES Sound|
|Orpington||6 + 1 iSense||Digital AES Sound|
|Oxford – George Street||6||Digital AES Sound|
|Oxford – Magdalen Street||2||Digital AES Sound|
|Panton St||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Port Solent||6||Digital AES Sound|
|Preston||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Putney||3||Digital AES Sound|
|Richmond, London||7||Digital AES Sound||Cinema is at 2 adjacent locations|
|Rochdale||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Salisbury||5||Digital AES Sound|
|Sheffield||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Silverlink (Wallsend)||9||Digital AES Sound|
|South Woodford||7||Digital AES Sound|
|Southampton||12 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Southend||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Stoke||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Streatham||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Surrey Quays||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Swadlincote||5||Digital AES Sound|
|Swansea||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Swiss Cottage||4 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Tamworth||10||Digital AES Sound|
|Taunton||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Telford||10||Digital AES Sound||Screens 5 & 6 contain VIP reclining seats|
|Tottenham Court Road||3||Digital AES Sound|
|Trafford Centre||19 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Trowbridge||7||Dolby digital surround sound|
|Tunbridge Wells||9||Digital AES Sound|
|Uxbridge||8 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Warrington||10||Digital AES Sound|
|West Bromwich||5||Digital AES Sound|
|Weston-super-Mare||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Whiteleys||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Whiteleys - The Lounge||5||Digital AES Sound||Luxury cinema only for 18+ Full Fine Dining Experience|
|Wimbledon||11 + 1 IMAX||Digital AES Sound/ IMAX SONICS|
|Worcester||7||Digital AES Sound|
|Wrexham – Eagles Meadow||8||Digital AES Sound|
|Blanchardstown||8 + 1 Isense (IMAX)|
|Cavan||4||Digital AES Sound|
|Charlestown||8 + 1 Isense (IMAX)|
|Point Village||5 + 1 Isense (IMAX)|
For an extended period the Odeon cinema listings website was accessible only to Microsoft licence-holders running certain versions of Internet Explorer, a design decision that frustrated many, and allegedly contravened the Disability Discrimination Act.
Technologist Matthew Somerville attempted to draw the public's attention to Odeon's dismissal of his concerns, and prove that there were no technical obstacles to providing a more usable alternative design. His 'Accessible Odeon' harvested information from the company's website and redelivered it using established web standards, also making it possible for non-Microsoft browsers to submit online bookings. His site received wide coverage and acclaim in UK newspapers and across the web.
Odeon initially took a public stance which accepted his contribution, and promised not to seek closure of the site. However, in June 2004, Odeon demanded that Somerville remove the facility provided to users of non-Microsoft software to book films online, threatening copyright and trade mark infringement and suggesting that criminal proceedings could be brought under the Data Protection Act. Finally they insisted that unless the site be removed altogether, legal action would be taken. Somerville complied and shut down the site.
Refusals to screen certain films
In 2008, Odeon made a controversial move by refusing to screen Rambo on any of its UK screens, blaming it on "commercial differences". In 2010 Odeon attempted to boycott Tim Burton's Alice in Wonderland at its cinemas in the UK, Ireland and Italy, over a plan by Disney to show the film for a shorter period to allow it to release the film on DVD earlier. Following individual negotiations with Disney, Odeon, Cineworld and Vue backed down.
Public customer complaint
On 24 August 2012, a customer named Matt Pledger posted a complaint on Odeon's Facebook wall about his experience with the cinema, citing high ticket prices, high food prices, inattentive staff, sound bleeding through from the cinema next door, and displaying adverts on how piracy was killing film. The complaint eventually went viral, with over 275,000 'Likes' and over 23,000 comments as of 3 September 2012, as well as receiving attention from the national media, including a programme feature on BBC Radio 4.
- "From bargain-bin store to bingo hall, the sad fate of the Odeon popcorn palaces". London: The Daily Mail. 12 May 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
- "Odeon". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Keith Farley. "The Coming of the 'Talkies' and the 'Super' Cinemas". Wolverhamton History & Heritage Site. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Gorst, Thom (1995). The Buildings Around Us. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-419-19330-8.
- "20th Century to the present". Digital Handsworth. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "Cinema History For Sale at First Odeon". Birmingham Evening Mail. 11 August 1998. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Jonathan Glancey (18 May 2002). "The mogul's monuments: How Oscar Deutsch's Odeon cinemas taught Britain to love modern architecture". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- "About Us". Odeon Cinemas. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Lynch, Suzanne (1 June 2011). "Butler brothers sell nine Irish cinemas to Odeon ICI". The Irish Times.
- "About Us". Odeon Ireland. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Wendy Mitchell (19 June 2007). "UCI Italia buys 10 cinemas from Cinestar Italia". Screen Daily. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Georg Szalai (15 August 2012). "Odeon UCI Cinemas Second-Quarter Loss Narrows". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Johnston, Chris (25 February 2015). "Odeon cinemas set to go on sale for £1bn". BBC News. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Armstrong, Ashley (20 April 2015). "Everyman raises £20m to snap up four cinemas from Odeon". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
- "Odeon & UCI cinemas sold to China-owned firm". BBC News. 12 July 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
- "AMC Theatres' Odeon & UCI Acquisition Gets EU Approval". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- Lieberman, David (30 November 2016). "AMC Theatres Becomes World's No. 1 Chain As Odeon & UCI Deal Closes". Deadline. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
- "Limitless Membership Scheme". Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- Thompson, Bill (16 July 2004). "Building a web fit for all". BBC News. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
- Gibson, Owen (7 March 2008). "Not coming to a screen near you". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Alice in Wonderland will not be shown in Odeon cinemas". BBC News. 22 February 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Odeon reverses Alice in Wonderland boycott". BBC News. 25 February 2010. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Dear Odeon, I went...". Facebook. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- Alice Jones (31 August 2012). "Alice Jones: Please don't kill the magic of the movies – Commentators – Voices". The Independent. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "Odeon Facebook rant goes viral". The Periscope Post. 31 August 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- Steven Vass (1 September 2012). "The multiplex backlash". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "BBC Radio 4 – You and Yours, How do you rate your cinema? , Is the cinema value for money?". BBC Radio. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- Eyles, Allen (2002) Odeon Cinemas; Vol. 1: "Oscar Deutsch Entertains Our Nation". London : Cinema Theatre Association ISBN 0-85170-813-7
- Eyles, Allen (2005) Odeon Cinemas; Vol. 2: From J. Arthur Rank to the Multiplex. London : Cinema Theatre Association ISBN 1-84457-048-7
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