Oder-Spree

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Oder-Spree
District
Brandenburg LOS.svg
Country  Germany
State Brandenburg
Capital Beeskow
Area
 • Total 2,242 km2 (866 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2015)[1]
 • Total 182,397
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration LOS
Website landkreis-oder-spree.de

Oder-Spree is a Kreis (district) in the eastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring are (from north clockwise) the district Märkisch-Oderland, the district-free city Frankfurt (Oder), Poland, the districts Spree-Neiße and Dahme-Spreewald, and the Bundesland Berlin.

Geography[edit]

The district is named after the two major rivers in the district - the Spree river forms a large bend within the district; the Oder river constitutes the eastern border.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1993 by merging the districts Eisenhüttenstadt, Beeskow and Fürstenwalde, and the district-free city Eisenhüttenstadt.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Oder-Spree:
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)
[2]
Year Population
1875 87 934
1890 94 469
1910 115 555
1925 128 292
1933 141 635
1939 151 802
1946 158 490
1950 166 492
1964 183 110
1971 191 619
Year Population
1981 195 164
1985 194 810
1989 197 478
1990 193 753
1991 190 103
1992 186 878
1993 187 827
1994 188 986
1995 190 839
1996 193 006
Year Population
1997 195 032
1998 196 655
1999 196 784
2000 196 453
2001 195 670
2002 194 169
2003 193 062
2004 192 001
2005 190 728
2006 189 185
Year Population
2007 188 035
2008 186 542
2009 185 062
2010 183 859
2011 177 764
2012 177 047
2013 176 850

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows symbols for the three former districts which make up the district. In the top left quarter is the coat of arms of the Bishops of Lebus, who had their seat in Fürstenwalde. The second quarter shows the checkered bar of the Cistercian Order as the symbol of the Abbey of Neuzelle, who until 1817 owned most of the territory which later became the district Eisenhüttenstadt. The two quarters in the bottom symbolize the former district Beeskow. The three knives in the left are the symbol of the Lords of Strehla, the deer antler the symbol of the Lords of Biberstein, who in 1317 succeeded the Lords of Strehla as the Lords of Beeskow and Storkow.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

The capital of the district is Beeskow, but Fürstenwalde (Spree) is the biggest town, with a population of 31.000 people.

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Beeskow
  2. Eisenhüttenstadt
  3. Erkner
  4. Friedland
  5. Fürstenwalde
  6. Storkow


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Grünheide
  2. Rietz-Neuendorf
  3. Schöneiche
  4. Steinhöfel
  5. Tauche
  6. Woltersdorf

1. Brieskow-Finkenheerd

  1. Brieskow-Finkenheerd1
  2. Groß Lindow
  3. Vogelsang
  4. Wiesenau
  5. Ziltendorf

2. Neuzelle

  1. Lawitz
  2. Neißemünde
  3. Neuzelle1

3. Odervorland

  1. Berkenbrück
  2. Briesen1
  3. Jacobsdorf

4. Scharmützelsee

  1. Bad Saarow1
  2. Diensdorf-Radlow
  3. Langewahl
  4. Reichenwalde
  5. Wendisch Rietz

5. Schlaubetal

  1. Grunow-Dammendorf
  2. Mixdorf
  3. Müllrose1, 2
  4. Ragow-Merz
  5. Schlaubetal
  6. Siehdichum

6. Spreenhagen

  1. Gosen-Neu Zittau
  2. Rauen
  3. Spreenhagen1
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°13′N 14°17′E / 52.217°N 14.283°E / 52.217; 14.283