Oder-Spree

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Oder-Spree
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
CapitalBeeskow
Area
 • Total2,242 km2 (866 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total178,347
 • Density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationLOS
Websitelandkreis-oder-spree.de

Oder-Spree is a Kreis (district) in the eastern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring are (from north clockwise) the district Märkisch-Oderland, the district-free city Frankfurt (Oder), Poland, the districts Spree-Neiße and Dahme-Spreewald, and the Bundesland Berlin.

Geography[edit]

The district is named after the two major rivers in the district - the Spree river forms a large bend within the district; the Oder river constitutes the eastern border.

History[edit]

The district was created in 1993 by merging the districts Eisenhüttenstadt, Beeskow and Fürstenwalde, and the district-free city Eisenhüttenstadt.

Demography[edit]

Landkreis Oder-Spree: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 87,934—    
1890 94,469+0.48%
1910 115,555+1.01%
1925 128,292+0.70%
1933 141,635+1.24%
1939 151,802+1.16%
1946 158,490+0.62%
1950 166,492+1.24%
1964 183,110+0.68%
1971 191,619+0.65%
1981 195,164+0.18%
1985 194,810−0.05%
1989 197,478+0.34%
1990 193,753−1.89%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 190,103−1.88%
1992 186,878−1.70%
1993 187,827+0.51%
1994 188,986+0.62%
1995 190,839+0.98%
1996 193,006+1.14%
1997 195,032+1.05%
1998 196,655+0.83%
1999 196,784+0.07%
2000 196,453−0.17%
2001 195,670−0.40%
2002 194,169−0.77%
2003 193,062−0.57%
2004 192,001−0.55%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 190,728−0.66%
2006 189,185−0.81%
2007 188,035−0.61%
2008 186,542−0.79%
2009 185,062−0.79%
2010 183,859−0.65%
2011 177,764−3.32%
2012 177,047−0.40%
2013 176,850−0.11%
2014 177,823+0.55%
2015 182,397+2.57%
2016 178,849−1.95%
2017 178,347−0.28%

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms The coat of arms shows symbols for the three former districts which make up the district. In the top left quarter is the coat of arms of the Bishops of Lebus, who had their seat in Fürstenwalde. The second quarter shows the checkered bar of the Cistercian Order as the symbol of the Abbey of Neuzelle, who until 1817 owned most of the territory which later became the district Eisenhüttenstadt. The two quarters in the bottom symbolize the former district Beeskow. The three knives in the left are the symbol of the Lords of Strehla, the deer antler the symbol of the Lords of Biberstein, who in 1317 succeeded the Lords of Strehla as the Lords of Beeskow and Storkow.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

The capital of the district is Beeskow, but Fürstenwalde (Spree) is the biggest town, with a population of 31,000 people.

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Beeskow
  2. Eisenhüttenstadt
  3. Erkner
  4. Friedland
  5. Fürstenwalde
  6. Storkow


Amt-free municipalities

  1. Grünheide
  2. Rietz-Neuendorf
  3. Schöneiche
  4. Steinhöfel
  5. Tauche
  6. Woltersdorf

1. Brieskow-Finkenheerd

  1. Brieskow-Finkenheerd1
  2. Groß Lindow
  3. Vogelsang
  4. Wiesenau
  5. Ziltendorf

2. Neuzelle

  1. Lawitz
  2. Neißemünde
  3. Neuzelle1

3. Odervorland

  1. Berkenbrück
  2. Briesen1
  3. Jacobsdorf

4. Scharmützelsee

  1. Bad Saarow1
  2. Diensdorf-Radlow
  3. Langewahl
  4. Reichenwalde
  5. Wendisch Rietz

5. Schlaubetal

  1. Grunow-Dammendorf
  2. Mixdorf
  3. Müllrose1, 2
  4. Ragow-Merz
  5. Schlaubetal
  6. Siehdichum

6. Spreenhagen

  1. Gosen-Neu Zittau
  2. Rauen
  3. Spreenhagen1
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°13′N 14°17′E / 52.217°N 14.283°E / 52.217; 14.283