Odessa, Delaware

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Odessa, DE)
Jump to: navigation, search
Odessa, Delaware
Town
Cantwells Tavern
Cantwells Tavern
Etymology: Ukrainian port city of Odessa
Location in New Castle County and the state of Delaware.
Location in New Castle County and the state of Delaware.
Odessa is located in Delaware
Odessa
Odessa
Odessa is located in the US
Odessa
Odessa
Location within the state of Delaware
Coordinates: 39°27′26″N 75°39′41″W / 39.45722°N 75.66139°W / 39.45722; -75.66139Coordinates: 39°27′26″N 75°39′41″W / 39.45722°N 75.66139°W / 39.45722; -75.66139
Country United States
State Delaware
County New Castle
Government
 • Mayor Kathleen Harvey
Area
 • Total 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)
 • Land 0.4 sq mi (1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 52 ft (16 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 364
 • Density 652.6/sq mi (252.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 19730
Area code(s) 302
GNIS feature ID 214404[1]
Website www.odessa.delaware.gov

Odessa is a town in New Castle County, Delaware, United States. The population was 364 at the 2010 census.[2] Founded as Cantwell's Bridge in the 18th century, the name was changed in the 19th century, after the Ukrainian port city of the same name. Today a significant part of the town is a historic district list on the National Register of Historic Places.

History[edit]

Odessa was originally known as Cantwell's Bridge. In 1721, a son of Captain Edmund Cantwell opened a toll bridge over the Appoquinimink Creek at this location. Cantwell's Bridge became an important port that shipped wheat, corn, tobacco, and produce down the creek to the Delaware Bay, where it traveled to distant ports. The town was also home to tanneries that produced leather goods. Cantwell's Bridge would continue to prosper as an agricultural port into the 19th century. In 1855, the grain trade collapsed after the Delaware Railroad was built to the west through Middletown. The railroad was originally proposed to be built through Cantwell's Bridge but the merchants and vessel owners in the town opposed. Following this, the town was renamed to Odessa after the port city of Odessa in Russia (now a part of Ukraine) in an effort to keep the town alive as a major port. The town saw a slight boom during the American Civil War.[3]

Geography[edit]

Odessa is located at 39°27′26″N 75°39′41″W / 39.45722°N 75.66139°W / 39.45722; -75.66139 (39.4573340, -75.6613184),[4] along the Appoquinimink River.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is land and 2.22% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 501
1860 686 36.9%
1870 695 1.3%
1880 675 −2.9%
1890 640 −5.2%
1900 575 −10.2%
1910 585 1.7%
1920 435 −25.6%
1930 385 −11.5%
1940 391 1.6%
1950 467 19.4%
1960 526 12.6%
1970 547 4.0%
1980 384 −29.8%
1990 303 −21.1%
2000 286 −5.6%
2010 364 27.3%
Est. 2015 374 [6] 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 286 people, 119 households, and 84 families residing in the town. The population density was 652.6 people per square mile (251.0/km²). There were 127 housing units at an average density of 289.8 per square mile (111.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.06% White, 5.24% African American, 0.35% Pacific Islander, and 0.35% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population.

There were 119 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the town, the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,269, and the median income for a family was $55,938. Males had a median income of $31,875 versus $33,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,662. None of the families and 3.2% of the population were living below the poverty line.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Odessa". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ The Delaware Census State Data Center
  3. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1938). The ocean highway: New Brunswick, New Jersey to Jacksonville, Florida. American Guide Series. New York: Modern Age Books. Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ DeLorme (2004). Maryland Delaware Atlas & Gazetteer. p.78. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-279-X.
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]