Odessa Numismatics Museum

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The Odessa Numismatics Museum
Odessa museum logo.gif
Established 1999
Location 33 Hretska Street, Odessa, Ukraine[1]
Director Peter Loboda
Website www.museum.com.ua

The Odessa Numismatics Museum (Ukrainian: Одеський музей нумізматики, translit. "Odeskyj Muzej Numizmatyky", Russian: Одесский музей нумизматики, translit. "Odeski Muzei Numismatiki") is a currency museum in Ukraine.[2] The museum preserves and exhibits ancient relics from the Northern Black Sea Region and Rus-Ukraine.[3][4][5]

The Museum is located in the center of Odessa: at 33 Hretska Str. (Ukrainian: вулиця Грецька, 33) — Exhibition of ancient and medieval coins, old and modern Ukrainian banknotes; antique pottery of the Northern Black Sea region and fine art of Kievan Rus';.[1] Please note that the museum branch at 5 Catherine's Sq. (Ukrainian: площа Катерининська, 5) — Coin Gallery (Монетный двор, "Monetny dvor"; literally "Monetary Court" — Exhibition of modern coins and monetary tokens of Ukraine[1] — has been closed for a very long time. The website of the museum has not been updated to reflect the closing of this branch of the museum.

Over the last 10 years the museum has concentrated on the augmentation, preservation and study of historical relics and the cultural heritage of the Ukrainian people. This in turn has brought numerous awards from the Ukrainian Parliament, Government, National Bank of Ukraine and from authorities of the Odessa region and the city of Odessa. The museum maintains contact with scientific, historical and cultural organizations in 100 countries of the world.

Collection[edit]

The museum collections include over 2500 coins and other relics from different historical eras: from antiquity and the Middle Ages to modern times including the period of the formation of the modern Ukrainian state. The core of the collection is a collection of ancient coins minted by various city states, and especially of the Bosporan Kingdom which existed in the Northern Black Sea Region for almost a thousand years. Among them are many unique and rare coins of great scientific interest.[6]

Besides the numismatic exhibition, the Museum collection includes many other ancient Ukrainian historical artifacts: antique ceramics and items of ancient Russian fine art. Medieval small art plastics of Kievan Rus' form the separate Museum's collection reflecting the diversity of the kinds of ancient Ukrainian arts and crafts in their historical development: from pieces of ornamental and decoration dating from the Pre-Christian period of Kievan Rus (pendants, brooches "lunnitsa", amulets, signet rings) to the antiquities of the Christian Epoch (icons, crosses, cross - amulets "enkolpyons"). Metal breast plates with the Princely heraldry of Rurik dynasty (two-prong and trident) are very rare and have a special interest for Ukrainian historians.

The small but representative collection of antique pottery reveals information about the variety of utensils used by the early inhabitants of the Northern Black Sea region and the development of pottery manufacturing. Local ceramics did not achieve such a high level as the Greek but have left their traces in the methods of ceramic manufacture in the Region.

Publications[edit]

Research by the Odessa Numismatics Museum is published in the periodical, Bulletin of the Odessa Numismatics Museum.[7] The Bulletin includes articles on unique and rare coins from ancient cities of the Northern Black Sea region, analysis of the coins (typology, semantics of images, chronology, coin metrics and metallurgy) and attempts to link this with historical events, the economy and worldview of the times. Such publications allow us to bring to light previously unknown findings and enrich the knowledge of the coins from our Region. The Museum's research activity is a continuation of close to 200 year tradition of research by renowned Odessa numismatists, and contributes greatly to study of the history of the Northern Black Sea region.[8]

The year 2004 saw the publication of the Collected Articles of Numismatics of the Northern Black Sea Region. It covered 19 issues of the "Bulletin of the Odessa Numismatics Museum" showing the results of the Museum's research over the last five years. The need for this collection arose for two reasons: the growing interest in the ancient numismatics of the Northern Black Sea region, both in Ukraine as well as abroad, and the rarity of early issues of the "Bulletin" which was originally published non-commercially and in very limited editions. The collected volume contains illustrations of 363 coins, many of them rare and unique examples.[9]

The Museum's collection has been published in the Catalogue of the Collection of the Odessa Numismatics Museum, in four volumes. All volumes have been released in two language versions, Russian and English. On the basis of the museum's collection many publications have been written, as well as numerous papers for various scientific conferences and lectures or public talks.

Exhibitions and projects[edit]

The museum hosts many exhibitions of ancient and modern coins and banknotes, as well as other relics from Ukraine's ancient history. Information about them appears on the museum's website.[10]

Between the 5th and 4th centuries BC most of the main Greek cities (poleis) of the Northern Black Sea region began to mint their own silver and copper coins: Pontic Olbia, Tyras, Chersonesos, Panticapaeum, Phanagoria, Nymphaion, Sindica and others.[11] Olbia and Panticapaeum also started to mint gold coins. Such minting continued until the latter half of the 3rd century AD.

Olbian monetary art between the last third of the 5th century BC and the final quarter of the 4th century BC is characterized by a phenomenon typical of the Hellenistic era: secularization, promotion of aesthetic principles and the spread of an archaistic style enhancing the sacred nature of the image depicted.[12] [13]

Besides its basic exhibition activity, the museum annually develops and produces a number of TV and related projects devoted to the history of Ukraine and Odessa.[14]

In the early 1970s the museum first appeared in Odessa. It was given the name "Old Odessa" and set up in the watchtower of the old destroyed fortress located in Shevchenko Park. The founder and director of this museum became the well-known Odessa regional specialist and collector Rudolf Mikhailovich Tsiporkis. He was the foremost person with an encyclopedic knowledge regarding questions concerning Odessa's history. His collection of old postcards totaled more than 1,500 pieces. Rudolf Tsiporkis lived a long and interesting life and died in 1999 at the age of 90. Appreciating the memory of a remarkable Odessan, and continuing the business he began, the Odessa Numismatics Museum in 1999 organized an exhibition of postcards and other historical documents which was given the name the Gallery "Old Odessa". Several TV programs on the culture of Odessa and its history have been based on this collection.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Odessa Numismatics Museum website
  2. ^ Server of East-European Archeology.Ukraine. Museums.
  3. ^ Vladimir P.Alexeev. "Artifacts of the Ancient Cultures from the Dniester-Danube Region". Issue of the "Vestnik drevnei istorii" (Journal of Ancient History). Moscow. 2001. No.4, p 66.
  4. ^ Геннадій Казакевич. Відгомін карниксів : Війскові традиції давніх кельтів на землях України IV - I ст. до н.е. - К.: Темпора, 2008. 112 с. : іл. - ISBN 978-966-8201-52-3. p.46. (Ukrainian)
  5. ^ К.В.Бабаев. Монеты Тмутараканского княжества - М.: "Древлехранилище", 2009. 101 с. : ил. - ISBN 978-5-93646-157-6. p.82-86. (Russian)
  6. ^ Vladimir P.Alexeev. "Rare and Unique Coins of the Ancient Towns in the North Black Sea Region". Monograph (with English translation).International archeological journal "Stratum plus". No.6 (2003-2004), 2005, pp 364-373. Issue of University "High Anthropological School". Kishinev. Republic of Moldova. ISSN 1608-9057.
  7. ^ Server of East-European Archeology.Ukraine. Journals.
  8. ^ Publishing House Polis.V.P. Alekseyev.
  9. ^ Vladimir P.Alexeev, Peter G.Loboda. "Rare and Unpublished Coins of Kerkinitida and Chersonessos". “Bulletin of the Odessa Numismatics Museum“. No.12. 2002.
  10. ^ International Ukrainian Philatelic and Numismatic Society.Numismatic Sites. Toronto. Canada. 2006.
  11. ^ Marta Oller Guzmán. "Recherches sur la prosopographie des magistrats d’Olbia du Pont d’après les inscriptions pour Achille Pontarchès". pp 554-555. 2014
  12. ^ Vladimir P.Alexeev. "About Olbia's Monetary Art in the Classical and Early Hellenistic Time". International archeological journal "Stratum plus". No.6, 1999 , pp 74-83. Issue of University "High Anthropological School". Kishinev. Republic of Moldova. ISBN 9975-9559-5-9.
  13. ^ V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "New Evidence for Olbia Numismatics". International archeological journal "Stratum plus". No.6, 2009 , pp 271-286. Issue of University "High Anthropological School". Kishinev. Republic of Moldova. ISSN 1608-9057.
  14. ^ The International and Royal Council for European Orders of Chivalry and Honours. Portraits of The Imperial House of Romanov.

Further reading[edit]

  • Vladimir P.Alexeev, Peter G.Loboda. Antique and Medieval Coins of the Northern Black Sea Area : Catalogue of the Collection / Odessa Numismatics Museum. — O. : Polis Press, 2002. — Texts in Russian and English. — Volume 1 : Royal Coins of Bosporus. — 96p. . ISBN 966-95071-3-9. Т221(0)32 l61 С10352
  • Vladimir P.Alexeev, Peter G.Loboda. Antique and Medieval Coins of the Northern Black Sea Area : Catalogue of the Collection / Odessa Numismatics Museum. — O. : Polis Press, 2003. — Texts in Russian and English. — Volume 2 : Antique and Medieval Coins of Crimea, the Northern East and East Black Sea Region. — 96p. — ISBN 966-8128-10-9. Т221(0) l61 С10352
  • Vladimir P.Alexeev, Peter G.Loboda. Antique and Medieval Coins of the Northern Black Sea Area : Catalogue of the Collection / Odessa Numismatics Museum. — O. : Polis Press, 2004. — Texts in Russian and English. — Volume 3 : Antique and Medieval Coins of the Northern West Black Sea Region. — 104p. — ISBN 966-8128-36-2. Т221(0)32 l61 С10352
  • Vladimir P.Alexeev, Valentin P.Lebedev, Peter G.Loboda. The Bulletin of the Odessa Numismatics Museum : Collection of Numismatic Articles of the Northern Black Sea Region / Odessa Numismatics Museum. — O. : Polis Press, 2004. — Text in Russian. — Issues №№ 1-19. — 175p. - ISBN 966-8128-27-3. Т221(0)32 l61 С10352
  • Vladimir P.Alexeev, Peter G.Loboda. Catalogue of the Collection / Odessa Numismatics Museum. — O. : Polis Press, 2005. — Texts in Russian and English. — Volume 4 : Fine Plastic Arts of Kievan Rus X-XIII c.c. — 104p. — ISBN 966-8128-73-7. Т221(0)32 l61 С10352
  • Vladimir P.Alexeev, Peter G.Loboda. "Materials on Numismatics and Archeology of the Ancient Northern Black Sea Area". Odessa. — 2008. — Text in Russian. — 287 p. - ISBN 978-966-21-0622-0.
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "New Evidence for Olbia Numismatics". International archeological journal "Stratum plus". No.6, 2009, pp 271–286. Issue of University "High Anthropological School". Kishinev. Republic of Moldova. ISSN 1608-9057. [1]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "Numismatic Rarities of Antique Tyra In New Findings". International archeological journal "Stratum plus". No.6, 2010, pp 133–140. Issue of University "High Anthropological School". Kishinev. Republic of Moldova. ISSN 1608-9057. [2]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "Electrum Coins of the Greek World Found in Nikonion, Berezan and Olbia". Ancient Black Sea Area. Issue IX, 2011, pp. 22–29. Odessa : "Fridman A.S.", p. 520. Texts in Russian. [3]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "Researches on Archeology of the Northern Black Sea Area : Bronze Age, Antique Epoch and Early Middle Ages". 2011. Odessa : "Fridman A.S.", p. 268. Texts in Russian. УДК 94"20"(477). [4]
  • Vladimir P.Alexeev, Peter G.Loboda. "Collection of Ancient Coins and Archaeological Artifacts of the Odessa Numismatics Museum". Odessa. — 2011. — Text in Russian. — 319 p. - ISBN 978-617-637-008-6. [5]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "Unpublished and Rare Coins of Olbia". International archeological journal "Stratum plus". No.6, 2011, pp 29–40. Issue of University "High Anthropological School". Kishinev. Republic of Moldova. ISSN 1608-9057. [6]
  • Peter G.Loboda, Peter P.Loboda. "About What the Coin Has Told". Odessa. — 2012. — Text in Russian. — 306 p. - ISBN 978-617-637-036-9.
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda. "Researches on Coins of Antique Cities of the Northern Black Sea Area". 2013. - Odessa : "Fridman A.S.". - Texts in Russian. – p. 232. - ISBN 978-966-2743-01-2. [7]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "New Variants of Rare Coins of Antique Cities of the Northern Black Sea Coast". Ancient Black Sea Area. Issue X, 2013, pp 21–28. Odessa : "Fridman A.S.", p. 653. Texts in Russian. [8]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "New Coins of Olbia". I International Scientific Conference «RASMIR: Oriental Numismatics». Collection of scientific articles. 2013, pp 64–70. Kiev: «Alpha Advertising», p. 164. Texts in Russian. ISBN 978-966-288-008-3. [9]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "Religious Motives of Some Coins of Olbia and Kyzikos as Means of Sociopolitical Leaflets". International archeological journal "Stratum plus". No.6, 2013, pp 109–125. Issue of University "High Anthropological School". Kishinev. Republic of Moldova. ISSN 1608-9057. [10]
  • Peter G. Loboda. "History of Public Museum". Odessa. — 2014. — Text in Russian. — 296 p. - ISBN 978-617-637-061-1.
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda. «Unpublished Aeses of Olbia With Types “Athena – Wheel”». Global Journals of Human-Social Science. Volume XIV Issue IV Version I. 2014 , рр. 49—59. [11]
  • Peter Loboda. «Mutual-relief “dolphin” from Olbia». Ancients Cult Centers and Ritual Practices. Ed. by Yelena Tokareva. Zimovniki: Zimovniki Regional Museum, 2015. – 332 pages, with illustration. p.p. 146-149. ISBN 978-5-9907492-8-3. [12]
  • V.P.Alexeev, P.G.Loboda "Coins of Tyra, Nikonion and Olbia in New Findings". Ancient Black Sea Area. Issue XI, 2016, p.p. 5–13. Odessa : Odessa National University named after I.I. Mechnikov; 6o8 pages. ISBN 978-617-689-159-8. Texts in Russian [13]

External links[edit]