Odessa University

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Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University[1] (Odesa National University)
Одеський національний університет імені І. І. Мечникова
Odessa University.png
RectorIgor Koval
Administrative staff

Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University (Ukrainian: Одеський національний університет імені І. І. Мечникова, Russian: Одесский национальный университет имени И. И. Мечникова),[1] located in Odessa, Ukraine, is one of the country's major universities, named after the scientist Élie Metchnikoff (who studied immunology, microbiology, and evolutionary embryology), a Nobel prizewinner in 1908. The university was founded in 1865, by an edict of Tsar Alexander II of Russia reorganizing the Richelieu Lyceum of Odessa into the new Imperial Novorossiya University. In the Soviet era, the University was renamed Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University (literally, "Odesa National University named after I. I. Mechnikov").

During the century and a half of its existence, the University has earned the reputation of being one of the best educational institutions in Ukraine. The excellence of the University is also recognized outside Ukraine; Odesa National University is one of the highest-ranked universities in the world, occupying 48th place in one rating of universities worldwide.[2]

Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University comprises four institutes, ten faculties, and seven specialized councils. The University is famous for its scientific library, the largest and oldest of any university in Ukraine (3,600,000 million volumes, ranging from the 15th century to the present day).


The main building of Odesa National University.

Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University is one of the oldest in Ukraine. It was founded in 1865, when by Edict of the Russian Tsar Alexander II the Richelieu Lyceum (Рішелівський ліцей, which had existed in Odessa since 1817) was reorganized into the Imperial Novorossiya (New Russia) University. All academic and scientific life of the university - from the day of its foundation - was directed by the Statute of 1863 that formed the liberal-democratic tradition of the Higher Institution which has been preserved in spite of all the disturbances in the social and political life of the country. From the very first years of its existence, the Imperial Novorossiya University became an important center of science and for training the scientific and educational cadres of the northern Black Sea coastal region.

World-famous teachers and scientists have worked at Imperial Novorossiya University during different times of its existence, including the Nobel Prize winner I. I. Mechnikov (after whom University was later renamed), Professors I. M. Sechenov, A. A. Kovalevskiy, N. F. Gamaleya, N. Y. Zelinskiy, D. L. Mendeleyev, physicist G. A. Gamov,[3] mathematician A. M. Lyapunov, and others. Through their activities, the Imperial Novorossiya University quickly became one of the centers of the culture of the Ukrainian, Russian, and other peoples dwelling along the northern coast of the Black Sea, and the university began to play an important role in the development of science. The first Rector of the university was Professor I. Y. Sokolov. At different periods of time, the university was headed by Professors P. N. Lebedyev, A. l. Yurzhenko, A. V. Bogatskiy, V. V. Serdyuk, I. P. Zelinskiy—all prominent specialists in different branches of knowledge.

In 2013 "The Ukrainian Week" stated that members of the university staff were openly Ukrainophobic.[4]


Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University is situated in two parts of the city and occupies summarily 70 hectares. The university is divided into a number of faculties. These faculties are directly administered by the university. Structurally, the University consists of 10 Faculties, 4 Institutes, College, two Preparatory Departments for citizens of Ukraine and foreign countries, 15 scientific-research laboratories, five scientific institutes, administration departments, experimental training shops and nine dormitories for students, post-graduates and trainees. The University has a sports- and health-rehabilitation complex with its own stadium and rest-base for the students, personnel and university guests in a picturesque section of Odessa, the village of Chernomorka. In all the areas of the University location, there are cafeterias, cafes, bars and medical sections.[5]



  • 11 Scientific research laboratories
  • Botanic garden of ONU
  • Scientific-Research Institute of Physics (director – Doctor of physics and mathematics Professor A.V. Tyurin)
  • Astronomic Observatory


Notable alumni[edit]

Joshua L Goldberg

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b p. 3 of the Statute of Odesa I. I. Mechnikov National University at the official site of the Ministry
  2. ^ http://www.universityparadise.com/odessa-i-i-mechnikov-national-university
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2016-05-18.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Defending Ukrainian at Odesa’s Universities, The Ukrainian Week (17 October, 2013)
  5. ^ "Пресс-служба Одесского национального университета имени И.И. Мечникова". www.news.onu.edu.ua. Retrieved 14 April 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°29′15″N 30°43′52″E / 46.4875°N 30.7312°E / 46.4875; 30.7312