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Odo of Metz

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Inside view of the Palatine Chapel, by Odo of Metz.
Oratory of Germigny-des-Prés, by Odo of Metz

Eudes (also Oto, Odo, Odon) of Metz was an architect of Armenian origin who lived during Charlemagne's reign in the Carolingian Empire. He is the earliest known architect born north of the Alps. He could have been of Armenian origin based on an alleged Latin inscription found in the dome of the Palatine Chapel which indicated Eudes came from the land of Noah's ark, but no evidence of the inscription has been found yet.[1][2][3][4][5]


His Carolingian architecture with polygonal plans and elaborate elevations of the buildings he created are a reminiscence of the Basilica of San Vitale of Ravenna and late Roman architecture with Byzantine style. It is unknown whether he saw these buildings himself, or only drawings of them.

Eudes had a large technical knowledge from De architectura by Vitruvius, as many Carolingian Renaissance era manuscripts of this Vitruvius's works exist.


Eudes of Metz is credited as the architect of:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Yevadian, Maxime K. (2020-01-01). "Ermittlung über die Widmungsinschrift von Dombaumeister Odo im Aachener Dom". Karlsverein-Dombauverein, vol. 22, p. 63-73.
  2. ^ a b Ching, Francis D. K.; Jarzombek, Mark M.; Prakash, Vikramaditya (2010). A Global History of Architecture. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 317. ISBN 9781118007396. In 806-811, the Armenian architect, Oton Matsaetsi, built the church of Germigny-des-Prés in France.
  3. ^ Dézélus, Robert (1989). L'art de Transcaucasie (in French). Vienna: Edition Méchithariste. p. 274. L'arménien Eudes de Metz construisit la chapelle palatine d'Aix et l'église de Germigny-des-Prés.
  4. ^ Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, Volumes 83-86. Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. 1964. p. 69. Eudes de Metz, the architect is said to have been Armenian.
  5. ^ Louis, Victor (1976). The complete guide to the Soviet Union. p. 99.
  6. ^ Conant, Kenneth J. (1994) [1959]. Carolingian and Romanesque Architecture (4th ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. p. 47. ISBN 0-3000-5298-7. LCCN 78149801.