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Temporal range: Pleistocene to present
White-tailed deer.jpg
Odocoileus virginianus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Tribe: Rangiferini
Genus: Odocoileus
Rafinesque, 1832[1]

Odocoileus hemionus
Odocoileus virginianus
Odocoileus lucasi
Odocoileus salinae[2]

Odocoileus is a genus of medium-sized deer (family Cervidae) containing two species native to the Americas.[1][3] The name is sometimes spelled odocoeleus; it is from a contraction of the roots odonto- and coelus meaning "hollow-tooth".

Extant species[edit]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Odocoileus hemionus .jpg Odocoileus hemionus Mule deer western half of North America.
White-tailed deer.jpg Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, and northern portions of South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.[4]


  1. ^ a b Odocoileus, [1] Mammal Species of the World, 3rd Edition
  2. ^ "Fossilworks: Odocoileus salinae". fossilworks.org.
  3. ^ Valerius Geist (1998). Deer of the World: Their Evolution, Behaviour, and Ecology. Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-0496-0.
  4. ^ "IUCN Red List maps". Explore and discover Red List species ranges and observations.