Odontites

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Odontites
Red bartsia 800.jpg
Red Bartsia (Odontites vernus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Orobanchaceae
Tribe: Rhinantheae
Genus: Odontites
Species

Odontites is a genus of flowering plants in the family Orobanchaceae.

Phylogeny[edit]

The phylogeny of the genera of Rhinantheae has been explored using molecular characters.[1][2] Odontites belongs to the core Rhinantheae. It is the sister genus to Bellardia, and then to Tozzia and Hedbergia. These taxa are closely related to the genus Euphrasia. In turn, these five genera share phylogenetic affinities with Bartsia.

Cladogram: Genus-level phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae based on molecular characters (ITS, rps16 intron and trnK region).[1][2]
  Rhinantheae  

  Melampyrum  

  Rhynchocorys  

  Lathraea

  Rhinanthus

  Core Rhinantheae  

  Bartsia sensu stricto (Bartsia alpina)

  Euphrasia

  Tozzia

  Hedbergia (including Bartsia decurva + B. longiflora)

  Bellardia (including Parentucellia
  and Bartsia canescens + B. mutica)

  Odontites sensu lato
  (including Bornmuellerantha and Bartsiella)

Conservation[edit]

One of the Odontites species, O. granatensis, endemic to the Sierra Nevada in Spain, was so threatened that in 1993 only 1,500 plants survived in two locations. Due to conservation efforts the plant has made a comeback, numbering over 100,000 in 2006.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Těšitel, Jakub; Říha, Pavel; Svobodová, Šárka; Malinová, Tamara; Štech, Milan (2010-10-28). "Phylogeny, Life History Evolution and Biogeography of the Rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae". Folia Geobotanica. 45 (4): 347–367. doi:10.1007/s12224-010-9089-y. ISSN 1211-9520. 
  2. ^ a b Scheunert, Agnes; Fleischmann, Andreas; Olano-Marín, Catalina; Bräuchler, Christian; Heubl, Günther (2012-12-14). "Phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae (Orobanchaceae) with a focus on biogeography, cytology and re-examination of generic concepts". Taxon. 61 (6): 1269–1285. 
  3. ^ "Evitan la extinción de dos plantas endémicas de Sierra Nevada" (in Spanish). ABC.es. 2006-06-26. Retrieved 2009-01-12.