Odstock

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Odstock
Bluebell-odstock.jpg
Bluebells in Odstock woods
Odstock is located in Wiltshire
Odstock
Odstock
Location within Wiltshire
Population554 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid referenceSU148261
Civil parish
  • Odstock
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSalisbury
Postcode districtSP5
Dialling code01722
PoliceWiltshire
FireDorset and Wiltshire
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
Websitewww.sp5.org
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire
51°02′02″N 1°47′28″W / 51.034°N 1.791°W / 51.034; -1.791Coordinates: 51°02′02″N 1°47′28″W / 51.034°N 1.791°W / 51.034; -1.791

Odstock is a village and civil parish about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) south of Salisbury in Wiltshire, England. The parish includes the village of Nunton with its nearby hamlet of Bodenham. The parish is in the valley of the River Ebble, which joins the Hampshire Avon near Bodenham.

In the woods about Odstock are earthworks. The meaning of the name is probably "Odo's stockade".[citation needed]

Odstock Down is a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest.

History[edit]

Fragmentary records from Saxon times indicate that the Ebble valley was a thriving area, the River Ebble also being known as the River Chalke. The Domesday Book in 1086 divided the Chalke Valley into eight manors, Chelke (Chalke), Eblesborne (Ebbesbourne Wake), Fifehide (Fifield Bavant), Cumbe (Coombe Bissett), Humitone (Homington), Odestoche (Odstock), Stradford (Stratford Tony) and Trow (circa Alvediston and Tollard Royal).[2]

Oliver Cromwell is said to have stayed in Odstock in a 17th-century house that was once an inn called the Parsonage.[3]

Nunton and Bodenham were transferred from Downton parish to Odstock in 1934.[4]

Buildings[edit]

The Grade II* listed Anglican church at Odstock is dedicated to St Mary. Originating in the 12th century, it was partially re-built by James Fowler of Louth in 1870.[5] The previous year Fowler added to the 1816 Odstock Rectory.[6]

At the church is the grave of Joshua Scamp who, to protect his daughter, took the blame for his son-in-law's theft of a horse, and was hanged.[7] Legend has it that after Joshua's death a Gypsy curse was put on the Church.[8]

Odstock Manor House dates from the 17th century and is also Grade II* listed.[9] It is the home of Lord (Jonathan) Marland, businessman and Conservative politician.[10]

What is now the Yew Tree Inn was a pair of 18th century cottages. George Ford is listed as a beer retailer and shopkeeper in Odstock in 1875 and is likely the first Landlord of the Inn.[11]

Hospital[edit]

Odstock Hospital was built in 1942 0.8 miles (1.3 km) north of the village, in the parish of Britford. From 1943 it was used by the United States 5th Army Medical Corps and provided support for the Normandy landings in 1944. With the creation of the National Health Service in 1948, the hospital was selected to house a new regional Plastic and Oral Surgery Centre providing burns and (since 1984) spinal care for patients in five counties. Since 1987 the site has developed into a large District Hospital.

Longford Castle[edit]

North of Bodenham is the Longford Park estate and Longford Castle, seat of the Pleydell-Bouverie family, Earls of Radnor.

Bordering areas[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
  2. ^ Ebbesbourne Wake through the Ages by Peter Meers
  3. ^ Jennings, Anthony (2009-10-28). The Old Rectory: The Story of the English Parsonage. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 234. ISBN 9781441118059 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 11 pp19-77 - Parishes: Downton". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Odstock (1023844)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  6. ^ Historic England. "The Old Rectory, Odstock (1181842)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  7. ^ "Scamp Family: Joshua Scamp". romanygenes.com. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Scary tales of Wiltsh". BBC. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  9. ^ Historic England. "Odstock Manor House (1023845)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 March 2015.
  10. ^ "True blue Tories celebrate at treasurer's birthday bash". This is Wiltshire. 9 September 2006.
  11. ^ "Odstock". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 23 March 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Odstock at Wikimedia Commons