Odyssey of the Mind
|Founder||C. Samuel Micklus|
|Type||Creative problem-solving competition|
|Focus||Creativity and Problem Solving|
|Origins||Glassboro State College, New Jersey|
|USA and 24+ other countries|
|"Dr. Sam" (C. Samuel Micklus)|
Odyssey of the Mind, abbreviated OM or OotM, is a creative problem-solving program involving students from kindergarten through college. Team members work together at length to solve a predefined long-term problem and present their solution to the problem at a competition. They must also participate in the spontaneous portion of the competition by generating solutions to a problem they have not seen before. While the long-term problem solution often takes many months to complete and involves various elements of theatrical performance, construction and design, the spontaneous portion occurs the day of the competition.
Odyssey of the Mind is a trademark of Creative Competitions, Inc. (CCI). Competitions are administered by a mixture of regional non-profit associations and the for-profit CCI corporation.
The Odyssey of the Mind program was co-founded by C. Samuel Micklus and Theodore Gourley in 1978 at Glassboro State College (now Rowan University) in Glassboro, New Jersey. That first competition, known as "Olympics of the Mind", involved teams from 28 New Jersey schools. The program is now international, with teams from Argentina, Australia, Belarus, Canada, China, Czech Republic, DODDS, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Mexico, Moldova, Poland, Russia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Korea, Switzerland, Togo, the United Kingdom, and Uzbekistan, regularly competing in addition to teams from the United States.
Odyssey of the Mind teams are divided into four divisions:
- Division I — Grades 3–5 (U.S.): Less than 12 years of age on May 1 of the competition year (Other International).
- Division II — Grades 6–8 (U.S.): Less than 15 years of age on May 1 of the competition year (Other International).
- Division III — Grades 9–12 (U.S.): Oldest team member does not qualify for Divisions I or II and is attending regular school—not a college or university or anything similar (Other International).
- Division IV — Collegiate for all teams. All team members must have a high school diploma or its equivalent and be enrolled in at least one course at a two- or four-year college or university.
The oldest team member determines the team's division.
There is also a non-competitive primary division for young children (grades K–2 U.S.), who are given a simplified problem and fewer constraints than the higher divisions. They present and are given feedback at the first level tournament and cannot advance, except for special occasions where officials invite a team to perform again at the State level.
Teams are limited to a maximum of seven team members.
In the United States, each participating state has its own Odyssey association. Most states are further broken down into regions. Teams compete at the regional level first. The highest-scoring teams progress to the state level. In the U.S. there is no national level. State-winning teams go directly to the World Finals, which have always been held in the U.S., usually at the end of May.
There are five categories of problems that participants can solve:
- Vehicle: involves building vehicles of different sizes that must perform specified tasks.
- Technical: involves building “innovative contraptions”.
- Classics: incorporates knowledge of architecture, art, and literature this can be a documentary or a behind the scenes.
- Structure: requires the designing and building of a structure using only balsa wood and glue, and competing to see which structure can hold the most weight
- Performance: requires the team to act, sing, and/or dance based on a given theme
However, the different aspects of each of the five categories are not exclusive within that category; acting is prevalent in solutions to all five problems, and throwing in knowledge of history into a non-Classics problem or technology in a non-Tech problem will usually earn a team bonus points.
Specifications differ between problems, but there are some general rules that are crucial for everyone involved in Odyssey of the Mind to know. First, there is the Outside Assistance rule, which heavily stresses that every aspect of a solution must result from the work of the team; parents and coaches absolutely must restrict themselves to supervising the children to ensure that they are safe and focused. Something as simple as a mother adjusting her child’s hat prior to competition is considered outside assistance, and the team will have points deducted from their final score. Thus all brainstorming, building, painting, sewing, and fixing are to be done by the team.
For each long-term problem, the team must present its solution in eight minutes or less, including set-up time, and the total cost of all materials used must either be under $125 or $145, depending on the problem (see Cost Limit). Each of these rules require participants to push their thinking capacities as they decide how best to utilize their skills, time, and money.
A new problem for each category is presented every year, and the synopses and rules can be found on the official Odyssey of the Mind website.
Most years, one problem is sponsored by NASA.
There is a "cost" limit on the value of all materials used in the presentation of the long-term solution. This limit is typically US$125–145, where the classical, performance, and primary problems have a limit of $125, while the vehicle, technical, and structural problems have a limit of $145. As of the 2006–2007 rules update, some materials have a set "assigned value". Some examples include computers and most audio-visual equipment (projectors, radios, televisions, music players, etc.). The suggested cost to write these items down as is anywhere between $5–$10. Still other materials are simply "exempt" from cost. This includes batteries and power cords, footwear, tables and chairs. All of these materials, even the exempt, must be listed on the "cost form". The judges check this list to make sure that the team is within the cost limit and following the appropriate assigned values and exemptions.
Style is a component of long-term where teams are scored on specific elements of their presentation. There are five elements scored in style. Often, two of these elements are specified in the problem, the other two are then "free choice of team" elements, and the fifth is a score of how well the other elements contribute to the performance overall. The pre-specified elements are related to the problem in some way; they are typically something to do with the appearance of a vehicle, costume, or prop. The free choice items may be anything the team wishes as long as they are not already scored as part of the long-term solution or pre-specified elements. Each element is scored from 1–10, accounting for 50 points of the overall score.
As the name suggests, teams do not know ahead of time the topic they are to compete in. At the tournament, individual teams enter the competition room and are presented with one of three problem types: Verbal, Hands-on, or Verbal/Hands-On.
In Verbal problems, teams are usually given a minute to think and then two to three minutes to respond to a theme such as "make a rhyme using a name or species of an animal". Teams will then be graded based on the creativity of their individual responses. For instance, "there is a dog on a log" is a common answer which would earn the team one point, while "I can step on an ant, but an uncle I can't" involves word play, a creative response that is worth 3 or 5 points. Verbal problems encourage individuals to incorporate their knowledge of history, science, literature, and popular culture.
Hands-on problems focus on teamwork and the ability to listen to complicated directions. Teams will usually be instructed to build something based on the limited materials given, such as a freestanding tower using a few sheets of paper, some paper clips, a pair of scissors, and a piece of tape. The team with the tallest tower and the best teamwork earns the most points. In OM, if the rules do not say that something cannot be done, then it can; in other words, participants are encouraged to search for creative, outside-the-box solutions.
A Hybrid, or Verbal/Hands-On, problem has aspects of both types, typically either a verbal problem that involves manipulation of physical objects or a two-part problem: build something in part 1, and provide verbal responses with it in part 2.
Teams are allowed up to seven team members in total, but only five may compete in Spontaneous at the tournament. The others may watch the competition, but may not help. Before the competition the team should decide who is on the Verbal, Hands-on, and Verbal/Hands-on subteams, so they can quickly assemble soon after entering the competition room and learning the problem type.
All teams who advance from their state finals, or their national finals if they are from outside of the US, are invited to World Finals. World Finals is the culmination of the entire year of Odyssey of the Mind.
- 2018 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, May 23–26
- 2017 – Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan, May 24–27
- 2016 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, May 25–28
- 2015 – Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan, May 20–23
- 2014 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, May 28–31
- 2013 – Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan, May 22–25
- 2012 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, May 23–26
- 2011 – University of Maryland (College Park), May 27–30
- 2010 – Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan, May 26–29
- 2009 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, May 27–30
- 2008 – University of Maryland (College Park), May 31–June 3
- 2007 – Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan, May 23–26
- 2006 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, May 24–27
- 2005 – University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado, May 21–24
- 2004 – University of Maryland (College Park), May 29–June 1
- 2003 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa, May 28–31
- 2002 – University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado, May 22–25
- 2001 – University of Maryland (College Park), June 2–5
- 2000 – University of Tennessee in Knoxville, Tennessee, May 31–June 3
- 1998 – Disney's Wide World of Sports Complex in Walt Disney World, Orlando, Florida
- 1997 – University of Maryland (College Park)
- 1996 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa
- 1995 – University of Tennessee in Knoxville, Tennessee
- 1994 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa
- 1993 – University of Maryland (College Park)
- 1992 – University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado
- 1991 – University of Tennessee in Knoxville, Tennessee
- 1990 – Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa
- 1989 – University of Colorado in Boulder, Colorado
- 1988 – University of Maryland (College Park)
- 1987 – Central Michigan University
- 1986 – Northern Arizona University
- 1985 – University of Maryland (College Park)
A variety of non-competitive activities are provided at World Finals; the representative one is pin trading, in which participants trade pins from their regions and states with participants from other states and countries. There is a creativity festival where each state/country runs a booth containing a fun activity related to their state. The highlights of World Finals are the opening and closing ceremonies. These ceremonies are held Olympics style in a stadium on campus. Teams march in and sit with other competitors from their state. After the closing ceremonies, several parties are held for different age groups, and a party is held for the coaches. These parties are a reward for all the hard work that teams have put in.
The float and banner parade is another fun event that happens on the Thursday night of worlds. It is a parade in which every state and country participating makes a float and or a banner in to represent their state.
The coaches competition is another event that is put on during world finals. The completion is only for coaches and is more along the lines of a spontaneous problem than a long term. The coaches get the problem in advance and have time to prepare. They hand out awards to the 1st,2nd, and 3rd place coaches.
Pin Trading is a non-mandatory event that most teams participate in when attending world finals. From the second you arrive at the world finals competition you will find teams with pins displayed out in front of them on pin towels. You can buy these pin towels from the competition souvenir shop at the competition. Odyssey of the mind does sell some “problem pins” that have the name of the current year's problems as well as some other souvenir like pins. Those pins, however, are not what most people trade. The collectible pins are the ones that teams bring from their home state or country. Almost every team will bring pins that represent odyssey of the mind from their home. Most pins will be marked with their state/country abbreviation followed by OM for Odyssey of the Mind for example if you get a pin from Connecticut it would say CTOM on it.
Odyssey of the Mind has a list of pin trading rules. They are as follows
1. (1) Respect others. Not everyone at World Finals trades pins, and there are always teams preparing to compete that should not be distracted.
2. (2) Trade pins in designated pin-trading areas. Do NOT trade pins in any area marked “No Pin Trading.”
3. (3) Pin-trading is not allowed at the team entrance or spectator entrance to any performance site. It is not allowed in any stairwells, doorways, or entrances to buildings. It is also not allowed in any area where teams compete or where others gather to watch teams compete.
4. (4) If you are in a designated pin-trading area in a hallway, be sure to allow enough room for people to pass by.
5. (5) If an Odyssey of the Mind or University Official asks you to stop trading pins or to move from an area, you must honor that person’s request.
6. (6) Never taunt others by criticizing a trade, any pin someone is trading, or anyone’s collection.
7. (7) If you trade in a location where pin-trading is not allowed, or tease others about their pins and trades, your pin collection may be confiscated. If your collection is confiscated, you will be able to pick it up the following morning at the Odyssey of the Mind Information booth. Only Odyssey of the Mind officials, your parents, or your coach may confiscate your pin collection.
8. (8) Do not trade with officials while they are working.
9. (9) Do not pressure anyone into a trade.
10. (10) Please show your Odyssey of the Mind Spirit when trading pins. Do not take advantage of youngsters or first-time traders. If only fair trades are made, the Odyssey of the Mind World Finals experience will be all the better for everyone. If you find lost pins, please take them to the Odyssey Information booth.
There are some more unspoken rules around pin trading such as the pins from foreign countries are often seen as more valuable, because they are more rare. Often pins with a popular cartoon or image will become more rare compared to an Omer pin.
Pins are often sold and traded in two ways. One way is in a set where there is a pin that represents each problem or sometimes each division. There are also individual pins that just say where they came from. It is not as valuable to have a “broken set” and more often than not people won’t want to trade for one.
Each team is given a score out of 350 points: 200 from Long-term, 100 from Spontaneous, and 50 from Style. Style is scored from 1–10 in each of the five categories, and the Long-term and Spontaneous problems are scored according to each problem's individual rules. The scores awarded are then scaled within each problem and division based upon the highest score achieved by any team in each of the three scoring categories. So, for instance, the team scoring highest in Long-term in a particular problem and division receives 200 points, and the scores for the other teams in that problem and division are scaled proportionately. A team ranking first in its problem and division in all three elements of the competition would thus receive a "perfect" score of 350 points, regardless of the actual raw scores assigned by the judges.
The Ranatra Fusca Creativity Award is granted to teams who have demonstrated exceptional creativity, the essence of the Odyssey of the Mind program. Winning The Ranatra Fusca Creativity Award at the regional or state level will qualify a team to advance to the next level of competition, even if the team had not placed high enough to advance on their own.
- When founded, the program was known as "Olympics of the Mind". In the early 1980s, the International Olympic Committee enforced violations of its trademarked "Olympic" name, and forced the program to change its name. The new name selected was "Odyssey of the Mind" to fit the "OM" acronym in use at the time.
- After debate over the for profit nature of Creative Competitions, the controlling corporation for Odyssey of the Mind Inc., a non-profit organization Destination ImagiNation was created by members of the Odyssey of the Mind Inc. board of directors. These are the two largest programs of their type with both offering over 30 years of experience in the preparation of divergent, open-ended activities for students of all ages and cultures.
- Much like at the Olympic games, members of Odyssey of the Mind who advance to the World Finals often purchase a series of pins from their state. These pins are traded throughout the competition uniting teams from all over the world as they barter for one another's state and country pins. During the World Finals of 1998, which took place in Disney World, Disney picked up on this concept and now pin trading throughout Disney World and Disneyland is quite popular.
- Western New England College press release, March 4, 1999
- Learn More link on the Odyssey of the Mind website
- "Odyssey of the Mind Program Guide, p. 17" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Learn More!". Creative Competitions, Inc. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Odyssey of the Mind Program Guide, p 46 (p 48 of PDF)" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-06.
- "Practice Problems". Creative Competitions, Inc. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Fun Things to Do ISU – Odyssey of the Mind". www.odysseyofthemind.com. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
- "Coaches Competition ISU – Odyssey of the Mind". www.odysseyofthemind.com. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
- "Official Souvenirs – Odyssey of the Mind". www.odysseyofthemind.com. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
- "Odyssey of the Mind Program Guide" (PDF). Odyssey of the Mind. Retrieved 2014-11-30.