Oecophylla smaragdina

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Oecophylla smaragdina
Workers of Oecophylla smaragdina
Red Weaver Ant, Oecophylla smaragdina.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Genus: Oecophylla
Species: O. smaragdina
Binomial name
Oecophylla smaragdina
Fabricius, 1775[1]
Map showing range of Oecophylla
Oecophylla range map. Oecophylla longinoda in blue, Oecophylla smaragdina in red.[1]

Oecophylla smaragdina (common names include weaver ant, green ant, green tree ant, and orange gaster) is a species of arboreal ant found in Asia and Australia. They make nests in trees made of leaves stitched together using the silk produced by their larvae.[citation needed]

Weaver ants may be red or green. In Malaysia, they are labelled as kerengga (In Malay, semut api are fire ants, which belong to a different genus, Solenopsis).[citation needed]

The larvae and pupae are collected and processed into bird food, fish bait and in the production of traditional medicines in Thailand[2] and Indonesia.[3]


  1. ^ a b Dlussky, Gennady M.; Torsten Wappler and Sonja Wedmann (2008). "New middle Eocene formicid species from Germany and the evolution of weaver ants" (PDF). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 53 (4): 615–626. doi:10.4202/app.2008.0406. 
  2. ^ "The importance of weaver ant (Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius) harvest to a local community in Northeastern Thailand" (PDF). Asian Myrmecology 2: 129–138. 2008. 
  3. ^ Césard N. (2004). "Le kroto (Oecophylla smaragdina) dans la région de Malingping, Java-Ouest, Indonésie : collecte et commercialisation d’une ressource animale non négligeable." (PDF). Anthropozoologica (in French) 39 (2): 15–31. 

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