Oedura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oedura
Ocellated Velvet Gecko (Oedura monilis) (9898859954).jpg
Oedura monilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Lacertilia
Infraorder: Gekkota
Family: Gekkonidae
Subfamily: Diplodactylinae
Genus: Oedura
J. E. Gray, 1842[1]

Oedura is a genus of medium to large geckos (Gekkonidae) endemic to Australia. They are referred to by the common name velvet geckos. Most of the species occur in northern and eastern Australia, with further isolates in the arid zone (Pilbara, Central Ranges and Flinders Ranges).

They are mostly arboreal and nocturnal, and have flattened bodies that are distinctly patterned. They are secretive tree or rock dwellers, usually concealing themselves beneath peeling bark or in cracks and crevices. A species found in the Kimberley region, Oedura filicipoda, is named for the plumose fringing on the toes that may assist in clinging to rocky overhangs.[2] All species are adapted to their dry conditions and can go for months without food or water.[citation needed]

The content of the genus Oedura has been reduced by Oliver et al. in 2012, when they transferred four species to the genus Amalosia and erected two new monotypic genera, Hesperoedura for Oedura reticulata and Nebulifera for Oedura robusta.[3]

Diversity[edit]

The type species for the genus is Oedura marmorata, first described by John Edward Gray in 1842.[4] The following is a list of ten valid species:[5]

Oedura lesueurii now belongs to the genus Amalosia
Amalosia
Hesperoedura
Nebulifera

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reptile Database
  2. ^ Browne-Cooper, Robert; Bush, Brian; Maryan, Brad; Robinson, David (2007). Reptiles and Frogs in the Bush: Southwestern Australia. University of Western Australia Press. pp. 121, 122. ISBN 978-1-920694-74-6. 
  3. ^ Oliver, P.M., A.M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, T.R. Jackman, and T. Hobbie. 2012. Molecular phylogenetics of the arboreal Australian gecko genus Oedura Gray 1842 (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae): Another plesiomorphic grade? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63: 255-264.
  4. ^ Gray, J. E. 1842. Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian reptiles and batrachians. Zoological Miscellany (London: Treuttel, Würtz & Co.) pp. 51—57.
  5. ^ Oedura at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database