Oenanthe javanica

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Oenanthe javanica
Oenanthe javanica1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Oenanthe
Species: O. javanica
Binomial name
Oenanthe javanica
(Blume) DC.
Synonyms[1]
  • Cyssopetalum javanicum Turcz.
  • Dasyloma corticatum Miq.
  • Dasyloma japonicum Miq.
  • Dasyloma javanicum (Blume) Miq.
  • Dasyloma laciniatum (Blume) Miq.
  • Dasyloma latifolium Lindl.
  • Dasyloma subbipinnatum Miq.
  • Falcaria javanica (Blume) DC.
  • Falcaria laciniata (Blume) DC.
  • Oenanthe decumbens Koso-Pol.
  • Oenanthe kudoi Suzuki & Yamam.
  • Oenanthe normanii F.P. Metcalf
  • Oenanthe stolonifera Wall. ex DC
  • Oenanthe subbipinnata (Miq.) Drude
  • Phellandrium stoloniferum Roxb.
  • Sium javanicum Blume

Oenanthe javanica, Java waterdropwort,[2] Japanese parsley or Chinese celery, is a plant of the water dropwort genus originating from East Asia. (Chinese celery is also the name given to Apium graveolens var. secalinum). It has a widespread native distribution in temperate Asia and tropical Asia, and is also native to Queensland, Australia.[3]

While many other species of water dropwort are extremely toxic, Oenanthe javanica is edible, and is cultivated in China, India, Japan, Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand (ผักชีล้อม), Taiwan, and Vietnam, as well as in Italy, where its spring growths (called seri セリ in Japanese, minari 미나리 in Korean) are relished as a vegetable. It is one of the ingredients of the symbolic dish consumed in the Japanese spring-time festival, Nanakusa-no-sekku.

It is commonly consumed in the Northeast Indian State of Manipur, where it is called komprek in Meithei. It is one of the main ingredients in Manipuri Eromba and Singju.

This plant should not be confused with the plants of the genus Cryptotaenia, sometimes called "Japanese wild parsley" (mitsuba in Japanese).

The plant contains persicarin and isorhamnetin.[4]

Varieties[edit]

The variety 'Flamingo' has colorful pink edges.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 12 May 2016 
  2. ^ "Oenanthe javanica". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.". USDA-Germplasm Resources Information Network. Retrieved 2015-08-02. 
  4. ^ Anticoagulant activities of persicarin and isorhamnetin. Ku SK, Kim TH and Bae JS, Vascul Pharmacol., April 2013, volume 58, issue 4, pages 272-279, doi:10.1016/j.vph.2013.01.005

See also[edit]