Oenothera elata

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Oenothera elata
Oenothera elata hookeri 3.jpg
ssp. hookeri
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Onagraceae
Genus: Oenothera
Species: O. elata
Binomial name
Oenothera elata

Oenothera elata is a species of Oenothera known by the common name Hooker's evening primrose. Subspecies include hookeri, hirsutissima, longisima, jamesii, villosa and elata.[1] It is native to much of western and central North America.

The hookeri subspecies of Oenothera, native to California, can reach about 1.8 meters (6 feet) height. The shade of its flowers varies from yellow to orange.[2]


The Zuni people apply a poultice of the powdered flower of the hookeri subspecies and saliva at night to swellings.[3]



  1. ^ Oenothera elata on the United States Department of Agriculture
  2. ^ "Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p. 612. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
  3. ^ Camazine, Scott and Robert A. Bye 1980 A Study Of The Medical Ethnobotany Of The Zuni Indians of New Mexico. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2:365-388 (p. 377)

Further Reading[edit]

Raven, Peter; Dietrich, Werner; Stubbe, Wilfried (Autumn 1979). "An Outline of the Systematics of Oenothera Subsect. Euoenothera (Onagraceae)". Systematic Botany 4 (3): 242-252. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 

Dietrich, Werner; L. Wagner, Warren (1987). "A New Combination and New Subspecies in Oenothera Elata Kunth (Onagraceae)". Missouri Botanical Garden Press 74 (1): 151-152. doi:10.2307/2399273. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 

External links[edit]