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|History of Portugal|
In Latin poetry Oestreminis ("Extreme West") was a name given to the territory of what is today modern Portugal and Galicia, comparable to Finis terrae, the "end of the earth" from a Mediterranean perspective. Its inhabitants were named Oestrimni from their location.
The fourth century CE Roman poet on geographical subjects, Rufus Avienus Festus, in Ora Maritima ("Seacoasts"), a poem inspired by a much earlier Greek mariners' periplus, records that Oestriminis was peopled by the Oestrimni, a people who had lived there for a long time, who had to run away from their native lands after an invasion of serpents. His fanciful account has no archeological or historical application, but the poetical name has sometimes been ambitiously applied to popularized accounts of the Paleolithic inhabitants of Atlantic Iberia.
The expulsion of the Oestrimni, from Ora Maritima:
The "serpent people" of the semi-mythical Ophiussa in the far west are noted in ancient Greek sources.
- The point being that ὄφις (ophis) means "snake" in Greek.
Não! Estrímnia porque habitada pelos Estrímnios, mas este etnónimo remete para um hidrónimo, o Struma/Strimonas, isto é para a origem oriental deste povo. Eram habitantes das margens ou da foz (no Mar Egeu) do rio Struma/Strimonas. A mitologia grega diz-nos que este povo já tinha sido "expulso" da Ásia Menor. Isto é, em algum momento anterior eles passaram da Trácia para a Ásia Menor e isto permite a sua identificação com os Bitínios (que também fizeram o mesmo) a Bitínia e o mito de Fineu.
- Ora Maritima (in Latin)
- Culto a la serpiente en el mundo Antiguo Serpent cult in the Ancient Word (in Spanish)
- Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)
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