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Cephenemya stimulator.jpg
Deer botfly (Cephenemyia stimulator)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Oestridae
Subfamily: Oestrinae

Oestrinae is a subfamily of Oestridae which includes parasitic flies attacking a range of different hosts. There are 9 genera with 34 species in this subfamily, which typically spend their larval stage in the skin or soft tissues of mammals, including deer or sheep (such species are often considered pests).


  • Pape, T. (2001). Phylogeny of Oestridae (Insecta: Diptera). Systematic Entomology 26, 133-171. doi: 10.1046/
  • Gary Mullen, Lance Durden: Medical and Veterinary Entomology. Elsevier 2009. ISBN 0-12-372500-3