Ofakim

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Ofakim
  • אֳפָקִים
  • أوفاكيم
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 ʔopaqim
Ofakim city.jpg
Official logo of Ofakim
Logo
Ofakim is located in Israel
Ofakim
Ofakim
Coordinates: 31°19′N 34°37′E / 31.317°N 34.617°E / 31.317; 34.617Coordinates: 31°19′N 34°37′E / 31.317°N 34.617°E / 31.317; 34.617
District Southern
Founded 19 April 1955
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor Yitzhak Danino
Area
 • Total 10,273 dunams (10.273 km2 or 3.966 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 25,638
Name meaning Horizons

Ofakim (Hebrew: אֳפָקִים‎) (lit. "horizons") is a city in the Southern District of Israel, 20 kilometers west of Beersheba. It achieved municipal status in 1955. It has an area of 10,000 dunams. In 2015 it had a population of 25,638.[1]

History[edit]

Patish fort
Patish-bridge-5.jpg

Ofakim was established in 1955 as an urban center for the rural communities in the area.[2] The early residents were Jewish immigrants from North Africa and India.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Ofakim high school

In 2010, about one-fifth of the residents were ultra-Orthodox and one third were immigrants from the former Soviet Union.[4] The rest are descendants of the founding generation, immigrants from North Africa and India who arrived in the town in the 1950s and 1960s. Ofakim also has a small community of Ethiopian Jews.[3]

Economy[edit]

As in other development towns, the industrial sector has historically played an important part in Ofakim's economy. In 1972, 32% of the salaried workers (754 people) were in this sector, and in 1983—924 people (23%). During this period, the textile industries consistently employed by far the most workers, ranging from 72% (1982–83) to 82% (1972). The Of–Ar (short for Ofakim–Argentina) textile factory was a major employer.[5]

Education[edit]

In 2001, there were 19 schools and 4,704 students in the city – 13 elementary schools (3,079 students), and 8 high schools (1,625 students). 43.3% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate.

Sports[edit]

One of Israel's 14 tennis centers is located in Ofakim.[6] It opened in 1990 and has six courts. The city also has a soccer stadium.

Development plans[edit]

A train station opened in 2015 with a car park for 1,000 cars, and an old industrial building is being converted into an art museum.[3] The Nahal Shomriya cycling route around Ofakim was inaugurated in 2010. The 60-centimeter-wide single route winds through 1,500 dunams (approx 375 acres) in Ofakim Forest, passing through Nahal Shomriya and Nahal Patish, and looping around eight local moshavim.[7]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Go south, young men (and women), Haaretz
  3. ^ a b c New Horizons for Ofakim
  4. ^ Go south, young men (and women), Haaretz
  5. ^ Schwarz, Dafna (2009). "Industrialization Attempts in Three Development Towns: Ofakim, Migdal HaEmek and Ma'alot". In Halamish, Aviva; Meir-Glitzenstein, Esther; Tzameret, Zvi. The Development Towns. Idan Series Vol. 24 (in Hebrew). Yad Yitzhak Ben Zvi. pp. 160–162. ISBN 978-965-217-298-3. 
  6. ^ Tennis doubles coexistence program
  7. ^ Riding and Building New Ofakim – Shomriya Cycling Route

External links[edit]